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Title: MJO Affects the Monsoon Onset Timing over the Indian Region

Abstract

This study examines the linkage between the Madden–Julian Oscillation (MJO) and the South Asian summer monsoon onset through compositing of observational dataset from 1979-2016 along with a global space-time wave filtering technique. We identify two major factors in determining the summer monsoon onset timing: the background conditions associated with seasonal transitions and the atmospheric conditions associated with an active MJO. The background conditions undergo sharp seasonal changes 2–3 pentads before the climatological onset dates over the western Indian Ocean while a typical monsoon onset is often associated with the arrival of the wet phase of the tropical MJO over the Indian Ocean, likely due to the promotion by the MJO-initiated eastward-propagating westerly wind anomaly. In particular, the circulation associated with the leading dry phase of a strong MJO during the climatological mean onset dates may lead to a delayed monsoon onset.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [2];  [4]
  1. PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY
  2. Pennsylvania State University
  3. BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)
  4. New York University
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1578146
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-135068
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Geophysical Research Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 45; Journal Issue: 18
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Taraphdar, Sourav, Zhang, Fuqing, Leung, Lai-Yung, Chen, Xingchao, and Pauluis, Olivier. MJO Affects the Monsoon Onset Timing over the Indian Region. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1029/2018GL078804.
Taraphdar, Sourav, Zhang, Fuqing, Leung, Lai-Yung, Chen, Xingchao, & Pauluis, Olivier. MJO Affects the Monsoon Onset Timing over the Indian Region. United States. doi:10.1029/2018GL078804.
Taraphdar, Sourav, Zhang, Fuqing, Leung, Lai-Yung, Chen, Xingchao, and Pauluis, Olivier. Fri . "MJO Affects the Monsoon Onset Timing over the Indian Region". United States. doi:10.1029/2018GL078804.
@article{osti_1578146,
title = {MJO Affects the Monsoon Onset Timing over the Indian Region},
author = {Taraphdar, Sourav and Zhang, Fuqing and Leung, Lai-Yung and Chen, Xingchao and Pauluis, Olivier},
abstractNote = {This study examines the linkage between the Madden–Julian Oscillation (MJO) and the South Asian summer monsoon onset through compositing of observational dataset from 1979-2016 along with a global space-time wave filtering technique. We identify two major factors in determining the summer monsoon onset timing: the background conditions associated with seasonal transitions and the atmospheric conditions associated with an active MJO. The background conditions undergo sharp seasonal changes 2–3 pentads before the climatological onset dates over the western Indian Ocean while a typical monsoon onset is often associated with the arrival of the wet phase of the tropical MJO over the Indian Ocean, likely due to the promotion by the MJO-initiated eastward-propagating westerly wind anomaly. In particular, the circulation associated with the leading dry phase of a strong MJO during the climatological mean onset dates may lead to a delayed monsoon onset.},
doi = {10.1029/2018GL078804},
journal = {Geophysical Research Letters},
number = 18,
volume = 45,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}

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