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Title: A Decent Life

Abstract

Global climate mitigation scenarios used to inform climate policy suggest that achieving the long-term temperature goals of the Paris Agreement – of limiting global warming to well below 2?°C and pursuing efforts to limit it to 1.5?°C – hinges on a variety of decarbonization strategies including rapid and transformative changes in the methods of production and consumption of energy, preserving & enhancing terrestrial carbon sinks, and deploying negative emissions technologies.1 These scenarios also suggest drastic reductions in energy demand and hence, a decoupling of energy demand from economic growth. For example, global scenarios estimate a less than doubling of average energy demand growth in developing regions by 2050 in a 2°C world, even as their gross domestic products more than quadruple.2 At the same time, over three billion people already lack adequate access to clean cooking or electricity, and over a billion lack clean water and sanitation today. Therefore, reductions in energy demand as suggested by global scenarios could compromise basic living standards even further. Conversely, if meeting basic living standards requires higher energy demand, then the scale of transition in energy supply and other economic sectors could be even more challenging than suggested by these scenarios. Global scenarios domore » not provide an assessment of the adequacy of their energy demand projections to maintain basic human needs. Writing in Nature Energy, Narasimha Rao and colleagues1 undertake the first steps to quantify the energy required in order to meet everyone’s basic needs and thus provide a useful context to better interpret energy demand and supply-side transition results from global scenarios.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]
  1. BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1577979
Report Number(s):
PNNL-ACT-SA-10451
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Nature Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 4
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Iyer, Gokul C. A Decent Life. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1038/s41560-019-0496-x.
Iyer, Gokul C. A Decent Life. United States. doi:10.1038/s41560-019-0496-x.
Iyer, Gokul C. Mon . "A Decent Life". United States. doi:10.1038/s41560-019-0496-x.
@article{osti_1577979,
title = {A Decent Life},
author = {Iyer, Gokul C.},
abstractNote = {Global climate mitigation scenarios used to inform climate policy suggest that achieving the long-term temperature goals of the Paris Agreement – of limiting global warming to well below 2?°C and pursuing efforts to limit it to 1.5?°C – hinges on a variety of decarbonization strategies including rapid and transformative changes in the methods of production and consumption of energy, preserving & enhancing terrestrial carbon sinks, and deploying negative emissions technologies.1 These scenarios also suggest drastic reductions in energy demand and hence, a decoupling of energy demand from economic growth. For example, global scenarios estimate a less than doubling of average energy demand growth in developing regions by 2050 in a 2°C world, even as their gross domestic products more than quadruple.2 At the same time, over three billion people already lack adequate access to clean cooking or electricity, and over a billion lack clean water and sanitation today. Therefore, reductions in energy demand as suggested by global scenarios could compromise basic living standards even further. Conversely, if meeting basic living standards requires higher energy demand, then the scale of transition in energy supply and other economic sectors could be even more challenging than suggested by these scenarios. Global scenarios do not provide an assessment of the adequacy of their energy demand projections to maintain basic human needs. Writing in Nature Energy, Narasimha Rao and colleagues1 undertake the first steps to quantify the energy required in order to meet everyone’s basic needs and thus provide a useful context to better interpret energy demand and supply-side transition results from global scenarios.},
doi = {10.1038/s41560-019-0496-x},
journal = {Nature Energy},
number = ,
volume = 4,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

Works referenced in this record:

The Shared Socioeconomic Pathways and their energy, land use, and greenhouse gas emissions implications: An overview
journal, January 2017


Implications of sustainable development considerations for comparability across nationally determined contributions
journal, January 2018


Economic tools to promote transparency and comparability in the Paris Agreement
journal, August 2016

  • Aldy, Joseph; Pizer, William; Tavoni, Massimo
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 6, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate3106