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Title: Hydraulics in the 21st century

Abstract

The science of plant hydraulics has long sought to understand the fundamental mechanisms of how water moves through plant 4 vascular systems (Dixon & Joly, 1895). Over the last 50 yr, advances in our understanding of embolism formation (Tyree & 5 Sperry, 1989), hydraulic segmentation (Zimmermann, 1978), and refilling (Sperry et al., 1987) were generated both through novel measurements (Scholander et al., 1965; Sperry et al., 1988; Alder 7 6 et al. 1997) andmodel development (Tyree&Sperry, 1989; Sperry et al., 1998). This knowledge provided a foundation of mechanistic understanding that has impacted fields of study from crop physiology to the global hydrologic cycle (Fig. 1; Sperry et al., 2003; Tang et al., 2015; Peters-Lidard et al., 2019). Scientific advances in our understanding of plant hydraulics and its implications for plant function have arguably accelerated over the last two decades. New empirical (Holbrook et al., 2001; Choat et al., 2015) and modeling (Christoffersen et al., 2016; Sperry et al., 2016; Venturas et al., 2018; Kennedy et al., 2019; Mencuccini 8 et al., 2019) approaches have been applied to tackle some of our largest challenges, and different perspectives have been integrated to better understand the entire vascular system (e.g. carbon 9 metabolismandmore » xylemhydraulics;H€oltt€a et al., 2009; Secchi et al., 2011).« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)
  2. University of Tasmania
  3. Universita Degli Studi de Trieste
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1577053
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-147698
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
New Phytologist
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 224; Journal Issue: 2
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

McDowell, Nate G., Brodribb, Timothy J., and Nardini, Andrea. Hydraulics in the 21st century. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1111/nph.16151.
McDowell, Nate G., Brodribb, Timothy J., & Nardini, Andrea. Hydraulics in the 21st century. United States. doi:10.1111/nph.16151.
McDowell, Nate G., Brodribb, Timothy J., and Nardini, Andrea. Tue . "Hydraulics in the 21st century". United States. doi:10.1111/nph.16151.
@article{osti_1577053,
title = {Hydraulics in the 21st century},
author = {McDowell, Nate G. and Brodribb, Timothy J. and Nardini, Andrea},
abstractNote = {The science of plant hydraulics has long sought to understand the fundamental mechanisms of how water moves through plant 4 vascular systems (Dixon & Joly, 1895). Over the last 50 yr, advances in our understanding of embolism formation (Tyree & 5 Sperry, 1989), hydraulic segmentation (Zimmermann, 1978), and refilling (Sperry et al., 1987) were generated both through novel measurements (Scholander et al., 1965; Sperry et al., 1988; Alder 7 6 et al. 1997) andmodel development (Tyree&Sperry, 1989; Sperry et al., 1998). This knowledge provided a foundation of mechanistic understanding that has impacted fields of study from crop physiology to the global hydrologic cycle (Fig. 1; Sperry et al., 2003; Tang et al., 2015; Peters-Lidard et al., 2019). Scientific advances in our understanding of plant hydraulics and its implications for plant function have arguably accelerated over the last two decades. New empirical (Holbrook et al., 2001; Choat et al., 2015) and modeling (Christoffersen et al., 2016; Sperry et al., 2016; Venturas et al., 2018; Kennedy et al., 2019; Mencuccini 8 et al., 2019) approaches have been applied to tackle some of our largest challenges, and different perspectives have been integrated to better understand the entire vascular system (e.g. carbon 9 metabolismand xylemhydraulics;H€oltt€a et al., 2009; Secchi et al., 2011).},
doi = {10.1111/nph.16151},
journal = {New Phytologist},
number = 2,
volume = 224,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}

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