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Title: Clustering constraints on the relative sizes of central and satellite galaxies

Abstract

We empirically constrain how galaxy size relates to halo virial radius using new measurements of the size- and stellar mass-dependent clustering of galaxies in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. We find that small galaxies cluster much more strongly than large galaxies of the same stellar mass. The magnitude of this clustering difference increases on small scales, and decreases with increasing stellar mass. Using forward-modelling techniques implemented in Halotools, we test an empirical model in which present-day galaxy size is proportional to the size of the virial radius at the time the halo reached its maximum mass. This simple model reproduces the observed size dependence of galaxy clustering in striking detail. The success of this model provides strong support for the conclusion that satellite galaxies have smaller sizes relative to central galaxies of the same halo mass. Our findings indicate that satellite size is set prior to the time of infall, and that a remarkably simple, linear size-virial radius relation emerges from the complex physics regulating galaxy size. We make quantitative predictions for future measurements of galaxy-galaxy lensing, including dependence upon size, scale, and stellar mass, and provide a scaling relation of the ratio of mean sizes of satellites and centralmore » galaxies as a function of their halo mass that can be used to calibrate hydrodynamical simulations and semi-analytic models.« less

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science - Office of High Energy Physics; National Science Foundation (NSF); University of Chicago - Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics; German Research Foundation (DFG)
OSTI Identifier:
1576942
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 489; Journal Issue: 2
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
galaxies: evolution; galaxies: fundamental parameters; galaxies: haloes; galaxies: statistics; large-scale structure of Universe

Citation Formats

Hearin, Andrew, Behroozi, Peter, Kravtsov, Andrey, and Moster, Benjamin. Clustering constraints on the relative sizes of central and satellite galaxies. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz2251.
Hearin, Andrew, Behroozi, Peter, Kravtsov, Andrey, & Moster, Benjamin. Clustering constraints on the relative sizes of central and satellite galaxies. United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz2251.
Hearin, Andrew, Behroozi, Peter, Kravtsov, Andrey, and Moster, Benjamin. Tue . "Clustering constraints on the relative sizes of central and satellite galaxies". United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz2251.
@article{osti_1576942,
title = {Clustering constraints on the relative sizes of central and satellite galaxies},
author = {Hearin, Andrew and Behroozi, Peter and Kravtsov, Andrey and Moster, Benjamin},
abstractNote = {We empirically constrain how galaxy size relates to halo virial radius using new measurements of the size- and stellar mass-dependent clustering of galaxies in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. We find that small galaxies cluster much more strongly than large galaxies of the same stellar mass. The magnitude of this clustering difference increases on small scales, and decreases with increasing stellar mass. Using forward-modelling techniques implemented in Halotools, we test an empirical model in which present-day galaxy size is proportional to the size of the virial radius at the time the halo reached its maximum mass. This simple model reproduces the observed size dependence of galaxy clustering in striking detail. The success of this model provides strong support for the conclusion that satellite galaxies have smaller sizes relative to central galaxies of the same halo mass. Our findings indicate that satellite size is set prior to the time of infall, and that a remarkably simple, linear size-virial radius relation emerges from the complex physics regulating galaxy size. We make quantitative predictions for future measurements of galaxy-galaxy lensing, including dependence upon size, scale, and stellar mass, and provide a scaling relation of the ratio of mean sizes of satellites and central galaxies as a function of their halo mass that can be used to calibrate hydrodynamical simulations and semi-analytic models.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/stz2251},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
number = 2,
volume = 489,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}

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