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Title: Potential Impacts of Transportation and Building Electrification on the Grid: A Review of Electrification Projections and their Effects on Grid Infrastructure, Operation, and Planning

Abstract

This paper highlights the main impacts of transportation and building electrification on electricity grid infrastructure, operations, and planning. We focus on which electric technologies are expected to grow, how electrification will impact electricity demand and grid activities, and which solutions might improve the integration of these technologies. Recent industry reports show increasing projections of electrification technologies in the coming decades. Studies show that increased demand from electrification will likely require grid capacity expansion and make grid operations and planning more challenging; however, multiple non-wires solutions exist to ensure integration is efficient and cost-effective. Electrification of space heating and especially transportation is expected to have the largest impact on electricity demand in the near future. Uncontrolled electric vehicle charging poses a significant challenge to grid operations, but control strategies create an opportunity for improved efficiency. Other insights include a high level of uncertainty in electrification adoption and potential benefits of combining electrification technologies with renewable generation and energy storage.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1576484
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5D00-74360
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY; transportation electrification; building electrification; market projections; grid impacts; electric vehicles; air source heat pumps

Citation Formats

Blonsky, Michael, Nagarajan, Adarsh, Ghosh, Shibani, McKenna, Killian K, Veda, Santosh, and Kroposki, Benjamin D. Potential Impacts of Transportation and Building Electrification on the Grid: A Review of Electrification Projections and their Effects on Grid Infrastructure, Operation, and Planning. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1007/s40518-019-00140-5.
Blonsky, Michael, Nagarajan, Adarsh, Ghosh, Shibani, McKenna, Killian K, Veda, Santosh, & Kroposki, Benjamin D. Potential Impacts of Transportation and Building Electrification on the Grid: A Review of Electrification Projections and their Effects on Grid Infrastructure, Operation, and Planning. United States. doi:10.1007/s40518-019-00140-5.
Blonsky, Michael, Nagarajan, Adarsh, Ghosh, Shibani, McKenna, Killian K, Veda, Santosh, and Kroposki, Benjamin D. Wed . "Potential Impacts of Transportation and Building Electrification on the Grid: A Review of Electrification Projections and their Effects on Grid Infrastructure, Operation, and Planning". United States. doi:10.1007/s40518-019-00140-5.
@article{osti_1576484,
title = {Potential Impacts of Transportation and Building Electrification on the Grid: A Review of Electrification Projections and their Effects on Grid Infrastructure, Operation, and Planning},
author = {Blonsky, Michael and Nagarajan, Adarsh and Ghosh, Shibani and McKenna, Killian K and Veda, Santosh and Kroposki, Benjamin D},
abstractNote = {This paper highlights the main impacts of transportation and building electrification on electricity grid infrastructure, operations, and planning. We focus on which electric technologies are expected to grow, how electrification will impact electricity demand and grid activities, and which solutions might improve the integration of these technologies. Recent industry reports show increasing projections of electrification technologies in the coming decades. Studies show that increased demand from electrification will likely require grid capacity expansion and make grid operations and planning more challenging; however, multiple non-wires solutions exist to ensure integration is efficient and cost-effective. Electrification of space heating and especially transportation is expected to have the largest impact on electricity demand in the near future. Uncontrolled electric vehicle charging poses a significant challenge to grid operations, but control strategies create an opportunity for improved efficiency. Other insights include a high level of uncertainty in electrification adoption and potential benefits of combining electrification technologies with renewable generation and energy storage.},
doi = {10.1007/s40518-019-00140-5},
journal = {Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

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