skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: The statistical defensibility of forensic proteomics

Abstract

The U.S. Federal court system maintains very high standards for admissibility of scientific evidence. In particular, to allow such evidence into court, a judge must be satisfied it is both reliable, in other words, based on a robust, reproducible, and accurate method, and relevant, meaning it adds weight to the prosecution or defense claims in a case. In 1993, the U.S. Supreme Court issued landmark guidelines for judges considering whether or not to admit scientific testimony. The resulting Daubert criteria changed the forensic sciences in a profound way, leading investigators, researchers, and legal experts to question the scientific validity of established forensic methods that had been widely accepted for years. The Daubert criteria also caused a paradigm shift in the development of new forensic methods, forcing researchers to better prepare new techniques for use in an increasingly adversarial environment. In this chapter, we discuss the current state of forensic proteomics in the context of modern forensics. We present the Daubert criteria, discuss seven elements of a defensible method, and provide guidelines for building statistical defensibility of this emerging discipline.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1575407
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-144112
Journal ID: ISSN 0097--6156
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Book
Resource Relation:
Journal Volume: 1339
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Jarman, Kristin H., and Merkley, Eric D. The statistical defensibility of forensic proteomics. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1021/bk-2019-1339.ch013.
Jarman, Kristin H., & Merkley, Eric D. The statistical defensibility of forensic proteomics. United States. doi:10.1021/bk-2019-1339.ch013.
Jarman, Kristin H., and Merkley, Eric D. Tue . "The statistical defensibility of forensic proteomics". United States. doi:10.1021/bk-2019-1339.ch013.
@article{osti_1575407,
title = {The statistical defensibility of forensic proteomics},
author = {Jarman, Kristin H. and Merkley, Eric D.},
abstractNote = {The U.S. Federal court system maintains very high standards for admissibility of scientific evidence. In particular, to allow such evidence into court, a judge must be satisfied it is both reliable, in other words, based on a robust, reproducible, and accurate method, and relevant, meaning it adds weight to the prosecution or defense claims in a case. In 1993, the U.S. Supreme Court issued landmark guidelines for judges considering whether or not to admit scientific testimony. The resulting Daubert criteria changed the forensic sciences in a profound way, leading investigators, researchers, and legal experts to question the scientific validity of established forensic methods that had been widely accepted for years. The Daubert criteria also caused a paradigm shift in the development of new forensic methods, forcing researchers to better prepare new techniques for use in an increasingly adversarial environment. In this chapter, we discuss the current state of forensic proteomics in the context of modern forensics. We present the Daubert criteria, discuss seven elements of a defensible method, and provide guidelines for building statistical defensibility of this emerging discipline.},
doi = {10.1021/bk-2019-1339.ch013},
journal = {},
issn = {0097--6156},
number = ,
volume = 1339,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {1}
}

Book:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that hold this book.

Save / Share: