skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Vertically-Aligned Carbon-Nanotubes Embedded in Ceramic Matrices for Hot Electrode Applications

Abstract

The proposed is aimed to develop carbon nanotube-ceramic (CNT-C) composite structures, in which vertically aligned CNTs (VA-CNTs) are embedded in ceramic matrices for hot electrode applications in Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) power systems, including four objectives: 1) Super growth of VA-CNT carpets; 2) Fabrication of CNT-boron nitride (CNT-BN) composite structures by chemical vapor infiltration; 3) Stability and resistance studies of the CNT-BN Composite structures; and 4) Thermionic emissions of the CNT-BN composite structures. The researchers will deploy water vapor-assisted chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method in the super growth of VA-CNT carpets on copper (Cu) with a maximum length up to 1 cm. Fabrication of the CNT-BN composite structures will be achieved by infiltrating gaseous boron precursors into the VA-CNTs followed by a universal heating, converting the precursors to solid BN crystals. Thermal stability and oxidation resistivity of the CNT-BN composite structures will be investigated using Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) and Differential thermal analysis (DTA) under an oxidation environment from room temperature to 3000 K. An oxy-acetylene flame will be employed to simulate the extreme environment in MHD channels for investigating the thermal and electrical conductivity, and corrosion and erosion resistance of the CNT-BN composite structures under the extreme conditions. Thermionic emission performance ofmore » the CNT-BN composite structures will be investigated to study the transport properties of the composite structures. If the CNT-BN composite does not perform as anticipated, selected ultra-high-temperature ceramics, such as titanium boride (TiB2), will be investigated as a backup candidate wrapping CNTs. Upon the successful completion of the propose research, CNT-C composite structures, such as CNT-BN and CNT-TiB2, will be developed for “hot” electrode applications. Fundamental understanding on the thermal and electrical transport properties of CNTs at high temperatures up to 3000 K will be established. Wrapping CNTs in ceramic matrices will isolate CNTs from the extreme environments in the MHD channels. The embedded CNTs will serve as conductive channels for heat and electricity transport. It is anticipated that the CNT-C composite structures would withstand the extreme environments in MHD channels and provide sufficient electrical and thermal conductivities for direct power extraction from seeded oxy-fuel combustion fluids. Successful development of the CNT-C composite structures will significant improve the reliability and promote the commercial applications of MHD generators, which are capable of large scale mass energy conversion at an unprecedented efficiency of 60% with reduced overall production of hazardous fossil fuel wastes.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
Contributing Org.:
University of Nebraska-Lincoln
OSTI Identifier:
1575051
Report Number(s):
25-1109-0132-001
25-1109-0132-001
DOE Contract Number:  
FE0023061
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT

Citation Formats

Lu, Yongfeng. Vertically-Aligned Carbon-Nanotubes Embedded in Ceramic Matrices for Hot Electrode Applications. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.2172/1575051.
Lu, Yongfeng. Vertically-Aligned Carbon-Nanotubes Embedded in Ceramic Matrices for Hot Electrode Applications. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1575051
Lu, Yongfeng. Mon . "Vertically-Aligned Carbon-Nanotubes Embedded in Ceramic Matrices for Hot Electrode Applications". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1575051. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1575051.
@article{osti_1575051,
title = {Vertically-Aligned Carbon-Nanotubes Embedded in Ceramic Matrices for Hot Electrode Applications},
author = {Lu, Yongfeng},
abstractNote = {The proposed is aimed to develop carbon nanotube-ceramic (CNT-C) composite structures, in which vertically aligned CNTs (VA-CNTs) are embedded in ceramic matrices for hot electrode applications in Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) power systems, including four objectives: 1) Super growth of VA-CNT carpets; 2) Fabrication of CNT-boron nitride (CNT-BN) composite structures by chemical vapor infiltration; 3) Stability and resistance studies of the CNT-BN Composite structures; and 4) Thermionic emissions of the CNT-BN composite structures. The researchers will deploy water vapor-assisted chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method in the super growth of VA-CNT carpets on copper (Cu) with a maximum length up to 1 cm. Fabrication of the CNT-BN composite structures will be achieved by infiltrating gaseous boron precursors into the VA-CNTs followed by a universal heating, converting the precursors to solid BN crystals. Thermal stability and oxidation resistivity of the CNT-BN composite structures will be investigated using Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) and Differential thermal analysis (DTA) under an oxidation environment from room temperature to 3000 K. An oxy-acetylene flame will be employed to simulate the extreme environment in MHD channels for investigating the thermal and electrical conductivity, and corrosion and erosion resistance of the CNT-BN composite structures under the extreme conditions. Thermionic emission performance of the CNT-BN composite structures will be investigated to study the transport properties of the composite structures. If the CNT-BN composite does not perform as anticipated, selected ultra-high-temperature ceramics, such as titanium boride (TiB2), will be investigated as a backup candidate wrapping CNTs. Upon the successful completion of the propose research, CNT-C composite structures, such as CNT-BN and CNT-TiB2, will be developed for “hot” electrode applications. Fundamental understanding on the thermal and electrical transport properties of CNTs at high temperatures up to 3000 K will be established. Wrapping CNTs in ceramic matrices will isolate CNTs from the extreme environments in the MHD channels. The embedded CNTs will serve as conductive channels for heat and electricity transport. It is anticipated that the CNT-C composite structures would withstand the extreme environments in MHD channels and provide sufficient electrical and thermal conductivities for direct power extraction from seeded oxy-fuel combustion fluids. Successful development of the CNT-C composite structures will significant improve the reliability and promote the commercial applications of MHD generators, which are capable of large scale mass energy conversion at an unprecedented efficiency of 60% with reduced overall production of hazardous fossil fuel wastes.},
doi = {10.2172/1575051},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1575051}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {9}
}