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Title: Consensus Weighting of a Multi-Agent System for Load Shedding

Abstract

An agent-based scheme is proposed for distributed underfrequency load shedding (UFLS). The key concept is a consensus weighting protocol (CWP) for agents to reach an agreement. Unlike the well adopted average-consensus protocol (ACP), the proposed CWP enables each agent to converge to its weighted portion of the sum of all initial values. Thus, the proposed CWP is more suitable for the UFLS application, as it allows load buses with a higher level of loading to shed more, rather than reducing by the same average value over all load buses as required by the ACP. Proof of convergence for the proposed CWP is derived and presented in this paper, together with the constraints. For implementation of the multi-agent system (MAS), the monitoring, estimation, and distribution steps are developed. Two study cases and the simulation results are provided to validate the performance of the proposed agent-based UFLS scheme.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)
  2. Virginia Tech
  3. TERNA, Rome, Italy
  4. Beijing Jiaotong University
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1574877
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-148443
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 117
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Xie, Jing, Liu, Chen-Ching, Sforna, Marino, and Xu, Yin. Consensus Weighting of a Multi-Agent System for Load Shedding. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1016/j.ijepes.2019.105615.
Xie, Jing, Liu, Chen-Ching, Sforna, Marino, & Xu, Yin. Consensus Weighting of a Multi-Agent System for Load Shedding. United States. doi:10.1016/j.ijepes.2019.105615.
Xie, Jing, Liu, Chen-Ching, Sforna, Marino, and Xu, Yin. Fri . "Consensus Weighting of a Multi-Agent System for Load Shedding". United States. doi:10.1016/j.ijepes.2019.105615.
@article{osti_1574877,
title = {Consensus Weighting of a Multi-Agent System for Load Shedding},
author = {Xie, Jing and Liu, Chen-Ching and Sforna, Marino and Xu, Yin},
abstractNote = {An agent-based scheme is proposed for distributed underfrequency load shedding (UFLS). The key concept is a consensus weighting protocol (CWP) for agents to reach an agreement. Unlike the well adopted average-consensus protocol (ACP), the proposed CWP enables each agent to converge to its weighted portion of the sum of all initial values. Thus, the proposed CWP is more suitable for the UFLS application, as it allows load buses with a higher level of loading to shed more, rather than reducing by the same average value over all load buses as required by the ACP. Proof of convergence for the proposed CWP is derived and presented in this paper, together with the constraints. For implementation of the multi-agent system (MAS), the monitoring, estimation, and distribution steps are developed. Two study cases and the simulation results are provided to validate the performance of the proposed agent-based UFLS scheme.},
doi = {10.1016/j.ijepes.2019.105615},
journal = {International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems},
number = ,
volume = 117,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {5}
}