skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: The laser shock station in the dynamic compression sector. I

Abstract

The Laser Shock Station in the Dynamic Compression Sector (DCS) [Advanced Photon Source (APS), Argonne National Laboratory] links a laser-driven shock compression platform with high energy x-ray pulses from the APS to achieve in situ, time-resolved x-ray measurements (diffraction and imaging) in materials subjected to well-characterized, high stress, short duration shock waves. This station and the other DCS experimental stations provide a unique and versatile facility to study condensed state phenomena subjected to shocks with a wide range of amplitudes (to above ~350 GPa) and time-durations (~10 ns–1 µs). The Laser Shock Station uses a 100 J, 5–17 ns, 351 nm frequency tripled Nd:glass laser with programmable pulse shaping and focal profile smoothing for maximum precision. The laser can operate once every 30 min. The interaction chamber has multiple diagnostic ports, a sample holder to expose 14 samples without breaking vacuum, can vary the angle between the x-ray and laser beams by 135°, and can translate to select one of the two types of x-ray beams. The x-ray measurement temporal resolution is ~90 ps. The system is capable of reproducible, well-characterized experiments. In a series of 10 shots, the absolute variation in shock breakout times was less than 500 ps.more » The variation in peak particle velocity at the sample/window interface was 4.3%. This paper describes the entire DCS Laser Shock Station, including sample fabrication and diagnostics, as well as experimental results from shock compressed tantalum that demonstrate the facility’s capability for acquiring high quality x-ray diffraction data.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1574222
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 90; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Wang, Xiaoming, Rigg, P. A., Sethian, J, Sinclair, N., Weir, Nicholas, Williams, Brendan J., Zhang, Jun, Hawreliak, Jame, Toyota, Yoshi, Gupta, YM, Li, Yuelin, Broege, Douglas, Bromage, Jake, Earley, Robert, Guy, Dale, and Zuegel, Jonathan. The laser shock station in the dynamic compression sector. I. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5088367.
Wang, Xiaoming, Rigg, P. A., Sethian, J, Sinclair, N., Weir, Nicholas, Williams, Brendan J., Zhang, Jun, Hawreliak, Jame, Toyota, Yoshi, Gupta, YM, Li, Yuelin, Broege, Douglas, Bromage, Jake, Earley, Robert, Guy, Dale, & Zuegel, Jonathan. The laser shock station in the dynamic compression sector. I. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5088367.
Wang, Xiaoming, Rigg, P. A., Sethian, J, Sinclair, N., Weir, Nicholas, Williams, Brendan J., Zhang, Jun, Hawreliak, Jame, Toyota, Yoshi, Gupta, YM, Li, Yuelin, Broege, Douglas, Bromage, Jake, Earley, Robert, Guy, Dale, and Zuegel, Jonathan. Wed . "The laser shock station in the dynamic compression sector. I". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5088367.
@article{osti_1574222,
title = {The laser shock station in the dynamic compression sector. I},
author = {Wang, Xiaoming and Rigg, P. A. and Sethian, J and Sinclair, N. and Weir, Nicholas and Williams, Brendan J. and Zhang, Jun and Hawreliak, Jame and Toyota, Yoshi and Gupta, YM and Li, Yuelin and Broege, Douglas and Bromage, Jake and Earley, Robert and Guy, Dale and Zuegel, Jonathan},
abstractNote = {The Laser Shock Station in the Dynamic Compression Sector (DCS) [Advanced Photon Source (APS), Argonne National Laboratory] links a laser-driven shock compression platform with high energy x-ray pulses from the APS to achieve in situ, time-resolved x-ray measurements (diffraction and imaging) in materials subjected to well-characterized, high stress, short duration shock waves. This station and the other DCS experimental stations provide a unique and versatile facility to study condensed state phenomena subjected to shocks with a wide range of amplitudes (to above ~350 GPa) and time-durations (~10 ns–1 µs). The Laser Shock Station uses a 100 J, 5–17 ns, 351 nm frequency tripled Nd:glass laser with programmable pulse shaping and focal profile smoothing for maximum precision. The laser can operate once every 30 min. The interaction chamber has multiple diagnostic ports, a sample holder to expose 14 samples without breaking vacuum, can vary the angle between the x-ray and laser beams by 135°, and can translate to select one of the two types of x-ray beams. The x-ray measurement temporal resolution is ~90 ps. The system is capable of reproducible, well-characterized experiments. In a series of 10 shots, the absolute variation in shock breakout times was less than 500 ps. The variation in peak particle velocity at the sample/window interface was 4.3%. This paper describes the entire DCS Laser Shock Station, including sample fabrication and diagnostics, as well as experimental results from shock compressed tantalum that demonstrate the facility’s capability for acquiring high quality x-ray diffraction data.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5088367},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
issn = {0034-6748},
number = 5,
volume = 90,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {5}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Shock compression of aluminum, copper, and tantalum
journal, May 1981

  • Mitchell, A. C.; Nellis, W. J.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 52, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.329160

Optical smoothing of laser imprinting in planar-target experiments on OMEGA EP using multi-FM 1-D smoothing by spectral dispersion
journal, September 2016

  • Hohenberger, M.; Shvydky, A.; Marozas, J. A.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 23, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4962185

Velocity sensing interferometer (VISAR) modification
journal, January 1979

  • Hemsing, Willard F.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 50, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1135672

Chopper system for time resolved experiments with synchrotron radiation
journal, January 2009

  • Cammarata, Marco; Eybert, Laurent; Ewald, Friederike
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 80, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3036983

Shock‐Wave Studies of PMMA, Fused Silica, and Sapphire
journal, September 1970

  • Barker, L. M.; Hollenbach, R. E.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 41, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1658439

Laser interferometer for measuring high velocities of any reflecting surface
journal, November 1972

  • Barker, L. M.; Hollenbach, R. E.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 43, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1660986

Determining the refractive index of shocked [100] lithium fluoride to the limit of transmissibility
journal, July 2014

  • Rigg, P. A.; Knudson, M. D.; Scharff, R. J.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 116, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4890714

The Dynamic Compression Sector laser: A 100-J UV laser for dynamic compression research
journal, May 2019

  • Broege, D.; Fochs, S.; Brent, G.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 90, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5088049