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Title: X-Ray Properties of SPT-selected Galaxy Clusters at 0.2 < z < 1.5 Observed with XMM-Newton

Abstract

We present measurements of the X-ray observables of the intracluster medium (ICM), including luminosity L-X, ICM mass M-ICM, emission-weighted mean temperature T-X, and integrated pressure Y-X, that are derived from XMM-Newton X-ray observations of a Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect (SZE) selected sample of 59 galaxy clusters from the South Pole Telescope SPT-SZ survey that span the redshift range 0.20 < z < 1.5. We constrain the best-fit power-law scaling relations between X-ray observables, redshift, and halo mass. The halo masses are estimated based on previously published SZE observable-to-mass scaling relations, calibrated using information that includes the halo mass function. Employing SZE-based masses in this sample enables us to constrain these scaling relations for massive galaxy clusters (M-500 >= 3 x 10(14) M-circle dot) to the highest redshifts where these clusters exist without concern for X-ray selection biases. We find that the mass trends are steeper than self-similarity in all cases, and with >= 2.5 sigma significance in the case of L-X and M-ICM. The redshift trends are consistent with the self-similar expectation, but the uncertainties remain large. Core-included scaling relations tend to have steeper mass trends for L-X. There is no convincing evidence for a redshift-dependent mass trend in any observable. Themore » constraints on the amplitudes of the fitted scaling relations are currently limited by the systematic uncertainties on the SZE-based halo masses, but the redshift and mass trends are limited by the X-ray sample size and the measurement uncertainties of the X-ray observables.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science - Office of High Energy Physics; National Science Foundation (NSF); Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation
OSTI Identifier:
1573253
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 871; Journal Issue: 1
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
X-rays; clusters; galaxies; large-scale structure of universe

Citation Formats

Bulbul, Esra, Chiu, I-Non, Mohr, Joseph J., McDonald, Michael, Benson, Bradford, Bautz, Mark W., Bayliss, Matthew, Bleem, Lindsey, Brodwin, Mark, and Bocquet, Sebastian. X-Ray Properties of SPT-selected Galaxy Clusters at 0.2 < z < 1.5 Observed with XMM-Newton. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aaf230.
Bulbul, Esra, Chiu, I-Non, Mohr, Joseph J., McDonald, Michael, Benson, Bradford, Bautz, Mark W., Bayliss, Matthew, Bleem, Lindsey, Brodwin, Mark, & Bocquet, Sebastian. X-Ray Properties of SPT-selected Galaxy Clusters at 0.2 < z < 1.5 Observed with XMM-Newton. United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aaf230.
Bulbul, Esra, Chiu, I-Non, Mohr, Joseph J., McDonald, Michael, Benson, Bradford, Bautz, Mark W., Bayliss, Matthew, Bleem, Lindsey, Brodwin, Mark, and Bocquet, Sebastian. Sun . "X-Ray Properties of SPT-selected Galaxy Clusters at 0.2 < z < 1.5 Observed with XMM-Newton". United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aaf230.
@article{osti_1573253,
title = {X-Ray Properties of SPT-selected Galaxy Clusters at 0.2 < z < 1.5 Observed with XMM-Newton},
author = {Bulbul, Esra and Chiu, I-Non and Mohr, Joseph J. and McDonald, Michael and Benson, Bradford and Bautz, Mark W. and Bayliss, Matthew and Bleem, Lindsey and Brodwin, Mark and Bocquet, Sebastian},
abstractNote = {We present measurements of the X-ray observables of the intracluster medium (ICM), including luminosity L-X, ICM mass M-ICM, emission-weighted mean temperature T-X, and integrated pressure Y-X, that are derived from XMM-Newton X-ray observations of a Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect (SZE) selected sample of 59 galaxy clusters from the South Pole Telescope SPT-SZ survey that span the redshift range 0.20 < z < 1.5. We constrain the best-fit power-law scaling relations between X-ray observables, redshift, and halo mass. The halo masses are estimated based on previously published SZE observable-to-mass scaling relations, calibrated using information that includes the halo mass function. Employing SZE-based masses in this sample enables us to constrain these scaling relations for massive galaxy clusters (M-500 >= 3 x 10(14) M-circle dot) to the highest redshifts where these clusters exist without concern for X-ray selection biases. We find that the mass trends are steeper than self-similarity in all cases, and with >= 2.5 sigma significance in the case of L-X and M-ICM. The redshift trends are consistent with the self-similar expectation, but the uncertainties remain large. Core-included scaling relations tend to have steeper mass trends for L-X. There is no convincing evidence for a redshift-dependent mass trend in any observable. The constraints on the amplitudes of the fitted scaling relations are currently limited by the systematic uncertainties on the SZE-based halo masses, but the redshift and mass trends are limited by the X-ray sample size and the measurement uncertainties of the X-ray observables.},
doi = {10.3847/1538-4357/aaf230},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
number = 1,
volume = 871,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {1}
}

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