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Title: Solid-state hydrogen rich boron-nitrogen compounds for energy storage

Abstract

Boron compounds have a rich history in energy storage applications, ranging from high energy fuels for advanced aircraft to hydrogen storage materials for fuel cell applications. In this review, we cover some of the aspects of energy storage materials comprised of electron-poor boron materials combined with electron-rich nitrogen elements with the goal of moderate temperature release of hydrogen. The parent compounds of ammonium borohydride, ammonia borane, and diammoniate of diborane provide approaches for storing high gravimetric and volumetric densities of hydrogen. Here we provide a review with a historical perspective and current developments in the area of solid-state B and N containing compounds. This review highlights developments in the synthesis of ammonia borane and its derivatives over the last 80 years. Thermodynamics and kinetics of hydrogen release in the solid-state are discussed. By changing either substituent on the boron and nitrogen atoms or the physical environment by embedding in mesoporous scaffolds, the thermodynamics can be modified to reduce the exothermicity of hydrogen release and minimize the formation of volatile impurities. Several mechanistic studies are reviewed identifying the key distinctions between homopolar and heteropolar H2 release. Strategies for economical and efficient regeneration of the hydrogen storage materials via chemical transformation aremore » critically reviewed. The limited efficiency of these chemical regeneration has limited some of the potential applications.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1572878
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-146182
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Chemical Society Reviews
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 48; Journal Issue: 21
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
ammonia borane, chemical hydrogen storage materials, HYDROGEN STORAGE MATERIAL

Citation Formats

Kumar, Rahul, Karkamkar, Abhijeet J., Bowden, Mark E., and Autrey, S Thomas. Solid-state hydrogen rich boron-nitrogen compounds for energy storage. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1039/c9cs00442d.
Kumar, Rahul, Karkamkar, Abhijeet J., Bowden, Mark E., & Autrey, S Thomas. Solid-state hydrogen rich boron-nitrogen compounds for energy storage. United States. doi:10.1039/c9cs00442d.
Kumar, Rahul, Karkamkar, Abhijeet J., Bowden, Mark E., and Autrey, S Thomas. Mon . "Solid-state hydrogen rich boron-nitrogen compounds for energy storage". United States. doi:10.1039/c9cs00442d.
@article{osti_1572878,
title = {Solid-state hydrogen rich boron-nitrogen compounds for energy storage},
author = {Kumar, Rahul and Karkamkar, Abhijeet J. and Bowden, Mark E. and Autrey, S Thomas},
abstractNote = {Boron compounds have a rich history in energy storage applications, ranging from high energy fuels for advanced aircraft to hydrogen storage materials for fuel cell applications. In this review, we cover some of the aspects of energy storage materials comprised of electron-poor boron materials combined with electron-rich nitrogen elements with the goal of moderate temperature release of hydrogen. The parent compounds of ammonium borohydride, ammonia borane, and diammoniate of diborane provide approaches for storing high gravimetric and volumetric densities of hydrogen. Here we provide a review with a historical perspective and current developments in the area of solid-state B and N containing compounds. This review highlights developments in the synthesis of ammonia borane and its derivatives over the last 80 years. Thermodynamics and kinetics of hydrogen release in the solid-state are discussed. By changing either substituent on the boron and nitrogen atoms or the physical environment by embedding in mesoporous scaffolds, the thermodynamics can be modified to reduce the exothermicity of hydrogen release and minimize the formation of volatile impurities. Several mechanistic studies are reviewed identifying the key distinctions between homopolar and heteropolar H2 release. Strategies for economical and efficient regeneration of the hydrogen storage materials via chemical transformation are critically reviewed. The limited efficiency of these chemical regeneration has limited some of the potential applications.},
doi = {10.1039/c9cs00442d},
journal = {Chemical Society Reviews},
number = 21,
volume = 48,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}

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