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Title: Modeling fuel assembly distortion in light water reactors using BISON

Abstract

Individual fuel rods in a light water reactor fuel assembly (FA) often have different power profiles that result in a spatial temperature gradient in the FA. This temperature gradient causes some rods to elongate more than others which could in turn distort the entire FA. Such FA distortion has been known to cause operational difficulties with refueling and with the insertion of control rods [1]. Numerical modeling of FA distortion due to differential elongation of fuel rods requires: (i) modeling the thermal elongation as well as the creep and irradiation induced elongation of the fuel rods, and (ii) modeling the bending response of the FA due to the differential elongation of the fuel rods. Past studies on this topic have been focused on the mechanical deformation of the FA with simplistic modeling of fuel rod elongation. In this paper, a simulation approach is presented that directly couples 2D axisymmetric fuel performance models of the individual fuel rods in a FA with structural beam models of the fuel rods in a FA using the Bison code [2]. This allows all of the mechanisms internal to the fuel rod leading to cladding elongation to be accounted for in the FA distortion model.more » To demonstrate this capability, the bowing of a simplified and idealized 6x6 FA (Fig. 1a), modeled using beam elements, is analyzed under different spatially varying power profiles. For this study, the guide tubes are rigidly connected to the spacer grid. Also, the fuel rods are rigidly connected to the spacer grid in all directions except the vertical direction (Y) along which slipping can occur between the fuel rods and spacer grids, depending on the friction coefficient between them. Coupling the thermo-mechanical response of individual fuel rods to the global mechanical behavior of the FA can shed light on the mechanisms that cause distortion of the FA and potential solutions to address this issue.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Idaho National Laboratory
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
Idaho National Laboratory LDRD Program
OSTI Identifier:
1572403
Report Number(s):
INL/CON-19-52771-Rev002
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC07-05ID14517
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Top Fuel 2019, Seattle, Washington, USA, 09/22/2019 - 09/26/2019
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
11 - NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; 42 - ENGINEERING; Fuel assembly distortion; Fuel assembly bow

Citation Formats

Veeraraghavan, Swetha, Casagranda, Albert, and Spencer, Benjamin W. Modeling fuel assembly distortion in light water reactors using BISON. United States: N. p., 2019. Web.
Veeraraghavan, Swetha, Casagranda, Albert, & Spencer, Benjamin W. Modeling fuel assembly distortion in light water reactors using BISON. United States.
Veeraraghavan, Swetha, Casagranda, Albert, and Spencer, Benjamin W. Thu . "Modeling fuel assembly distortion in light water reactors using BISON". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1572403.
@article{osti_1572403,
title = {Modeling fuel assembly distortion in light water reactors using BISON},
author = {Veeraraghavan, Swetha and Casagranda, Albert and Spencer, Benjamin W},
abstractNote = {Individual fuel rods in a light water reactor fuel assembly (FA) often have different power profiles that result in a spatial temperature gradient in the FA. This temperature gradient causes some rods to elongate more than others which could in turn distort the entire FA. Such FA distortion has been known to cause operational difficulties with refueling and with the insertion of control rods [1]. Numerical modeling of FA distortion due to differential elongation of fuel rods requires: (i) modeling the thermal elongation as well as the creep and irradiation induced elongation of the fuel rods, and (ii) modeling the bending response of the FA due to the differential elongation of the fuel rods. Past studies on this topic have been focused on the mechanical deformation of the FA with simplistic modeling of fuel rod elongation. In this paper, a simulation approach is presented that directly couples 2D axisymmetric fuel performance models of the individual fuel rods in a FA with structural beam models of the fuel rods in a FA using the Bison code [2]. This allows all of the mechanisms internal to the fuel rod leading to cladding elongation to be accounted for in the FA distortion model. To demonstrate this capability, the bowing of a simplified and idealized 6x6 FA (Fig. 1a), modeled using beam elements, is analyzed under different spatially varying power profiles. For this study, the guide tubes are rigidly connected to the spacer grid. Also, the fuel rods are rigidly connected to the spacer grid in all directions except the vertical direction (Y) along which slipping can occur between the fuel rods and spacer grids, depending on the friction coefficient between them. Coupling the thermo-mechanical response of individual fuel rods to the global mechanical behavior of the FA can shed light on the mechanisms that cause distortion of the FA and potential solutions to address this issue.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {9}
}

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