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Title: Aluminum-clad Spent Nuclear Fuel Engineering Scale Drying Experiment Design

Abstract

The purpose of this document is to provide the technical specifications for the Engineering Scale Design for the drying tests of aluminum-clad spent nuclear fuel (ASNF). The engineering scale design is to accommodate both forced helium drying (FHD) as well as vacuum drying. The experiments will employ mock ASNF assemblies with a limited number of chemically treated aluminum plates to simulate the aluminum hydroxides found on ASNF. The goal here is to understand the transformation that may occur in plates including the loss of chemisorbed water and changes in morphology. Physiosorbed and bulk water found in experiments will be dried in the process and the effect on drying operations noted. Decay heat will be simulated in one assembly using a custom designed resistance heating element. A typical radial arrangement of assemblies will be employed using a modified Type 1A Basket design. For the chamber/canister, a single assembly layer with full radial dimension will be employed. Modifications to the standard canister design and configuration include the addition of a siphon tube to enable recirculation of hot gas for forced helium drying. A ring of ports/flanges are added near the top of the chamber to accommodate the feedthroughs for instrumentation and powermore » needed for the experiment and data collection. Four viewports are added to the main section of the chamber with two in line with one of the fuel assembly and siphon tube. The other two viewports are on the opposite side of the chamber. The purpose here is to provide the option of thermal imaging in addition to the nearly four dozen thermocouples available inside the chamber. Modeling of the chamber, basket, and mock ASNF assemblies was conducted to estimate temperature distributions throughout the chamber during forced helium drying and over the anticipated drying period. This modeling was used as input to decisions on the Engineering Scale Design. Work on modeling continues in the period during setup and testing to develop preliminary drying models. Analysis of experimental results will later be used to validate these and subsequent models.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. University of South Carolina
  2. Idaho National Laboratory
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Environmental Management (EM)
OSTI Identifier:
1572393
Report Number(s):
INL/EXT-19-56017-Rev000
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC07-05ID14517
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 - MATERIALS SCIENCE; 11 - NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; drying; aluminum corrosion; dry storage

Citation Formats

Knight, Travis, Cooper, Nathaniel, Shalloo, Matthew, Farouk, Tanvir, Wang, Yi, Khan, Jamil, and Smith, Rebecca E. Aluminum-clad Spent Nuclear Fuel Engineering Scale Drying Experiment Design. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.2172/1572393.
Knight, Travis, Cooper, Nathaniel, Shalloo, Matthew, Farouk, Tanvir, Wang, Yi, Khan, Jamil, & Smith, Rebecca E. Aluminum-clad Spent Nuclear Fuel Engineering Scale Drying Experiment Design. United States. doi:10.2172/1572393.
Knight, Travis, Cooper, Nathaniel, Shalloo, Matthew, Farouk, Tanvir, Wang, Yi, Khan, Jamil, and Smith, Rebecca E. Wed . "Aluminum-clad Spent Nuclear Fuel Engineering Scale Drying Experiment Design". United States. doi:10.2172/1572393. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1572393.
@article{osti_1572393,
title = {Aluminum-clad Spent Nuclear Fuel Engineering Scale Drying Experiment Design},
author = {Knight, Travis and Cooper, Nathaniel and Shalloo, Matthew and Farouk, Tanvir and Wang, Yi and Khan, Jamil and Smith, Rebecca E},
abstractNote = {The purpose of this document is to provide the technical specifications for the Engineering Scale Design for the drying tests of aluminum-clad spent nuclear fuel (ASNF). The engineering scale design is to accommodate both forced helium drying (FHD) as well as vacuum drying. The experiments will employ mock ASNF assemblies with a limited number of chemically treated aluminum plates to simulate the aluminum hydroxides found on ASNF. The goal here is to understand the transformation that may occur in plates including the loss of chemisorbed water and changes in morphology. Physiosorbed and bulk water found in experiments will be dried in the process and the effect on drying operations noted. Decay heat will be simulated in one assembly using a custom designed resistance heating element. A typical radial arrangement of assemblies will be employed using a modified Type 1A Basket design. For the chamber/canister, a single assembly layer with full radial dimension will be employed. Modifications to the standard canister design and configuration include the addition of a siphon tube to enable recirculation of hot gas for forced helium drying. A ring of ports/flanges are added near the top of the chamber to accommodate the feedthroughs for instrumentation and power needed for the experiment and data collection. Four viewports are added to the main section of the chamber with two in line with one of the fuel assembly and siphon tube. The other two viewports are on the opposite side of the chamber. The purpose here is to provide the option of thermal imaging in addition to the nearly four dozen thermocouples available inside the chamber. Modeling of the chamber, basket, and mock ASNF assemblies was conducted to estimate temperature distributions throughout the chamber during forced helium drying and over the anticipated drying period. This modeling was used as input to decisions on the Engineering Scale Design. Work on modeling continues in the period during setup and testing to develop preliminary drying models. Analysis of experimental results will later be used to validate these and subsequent models.},
doi = {10.2172/1572393},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}

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