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Title: Extension and Demonstration of NEAMS Multiphysics Tools to Lead-Cooled, Sodium-Cooled, and Molten Salt Fast Reactor Applications

Abstract

The SHARP toolkit is a high-fidelity reactor simulation tool developed under the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS) Campaign. SHARP toolkit is comprised of the neutronics module PROTEUS thermal hydraulics module Nek5000, and structural mechanics module Diablo. During FY17 and FY18, the PROTEUS and Nek5000 components of SHARP were applied to solve challenging sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR) problems. In particular, selected hot channel factors (HCF) for a prototype metal-fueled SFR design (the AFR-100) were analyzed in high fidelity, and the “SHARP zooming capability” for SFRs was developed and demonstrated to reduce computational expense for full core problems in cases where detailed data is needed in selected fuel assemblies. After the previous success applying SHARP to challenging SFR problems, the focus in FY19 expanded to additional fast reactor applications: lead cooled fast reactors (LFR), sodium cooled fast reactors (SFR), and fast molten salt reactors (MSR). The specific technical tasks were (1) assessment of hot channel factors for LFR, for which no data currently exists, (2) implementation of a gamma transport capability in the PROTEUS solvers to extend the zooming capability to non-fueled assemblies, (3) demonstration of zooming capability in assemblies of the Versatile Testmore » Reactor (VTR), and (4) development of a new coupled capability for simulating fast MSRs, specifically modeling precursor transport inside and outside the core. The progress on tasks (1) and (3) are discussed primarily in this document. Tasks (2) and (4) are briefly mentioned in this document, and the interested reader is referred to separate reports for detailed information. First-of-a-kind hot channel factor (HCF) estimation for LFR with high fidelity codes (PROTEUS/Nek5000) was successfully demonstrated in this study. Selected HCF were computed and compared with SFR data (AFR-100, EBR-II). The findings confirm that different reactor types, design parameters and uncertainties lead to different HCFs. Careful estimation of HCF for a specific design is necessary to obtain appropriate HCFs. In addition to improvement in HCF accuracy, high fidelity tools generate data to help the designer better understand the mechanism of the impact from these uncertainties. For example, the impact of cladding thickness manufacturing tolerance resulted in non-intuitive effects in the corner pins of the LFR assembly. This procedure of computing HCF using high fidelity models shows promise and flexibility for being repeated for any arbitrary reactor of choice, since these tools are targeted to solve many reactor types and geometries. Progress was made towards extending the previously demonstrated SHARP zooming capability to non-fueled SFR assemblies. In particular, a gamma transport capability was implemented in both high fidelity PROTEUS solvers in order to accurately account for heat deposition caused by gamma particles, which accounts for ~10% of total core power. Neutronics verification cases were carried out for a candidate Versatile Test Reactor (VTR) design using the new gamma transport capability in PROTEUS. Comparisons were made with continuous energy MCNP calculations and shown to agree well. The models for the full core design with heterogeneous control and fuel assemblies is in progress and will be completed in FY20. In the fast molten salt reactor (MSR) domain, a new capability was developed to model the flow of neutron precursors both inside and outside of the core, which impacts the effective delayed neutron fraction of the system. The PROTEUS-SN and PROTEUS-NODAL solvers were coupled to Nek5000 in order to simulate precursor flow. The workflows were demonstrated on test problems. The fast MSR modeling capability was supported under two other work packages, and comprehensive details are included in a separate report.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy - Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS)
OSTI Identifier:
1572154
Report Number(s):
ANL/NSE-19/30
156064
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
NEAMS; Nek5000; PROTEUS; coupling; multiphysics

Citation Formats

Shemon, Emily R., Yu, Yiqi, Jung, Yeon Sang, Feng, Bo, and Kim, Taek K. Extension and Demonstration of NEAMS Multiphysics Tools to Lead-Cooled, Sodium-Cooled, and Molten Salt Fast Reactor Applications. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.2172/1572154.
Shemon, Emily R., Yu, Yiqi, Jung, Yeon Sang, Feng, Bo, & Kim, Taek K. Extension and Demonstration of NEAMS Multiphysics Tools to Lead-Cooled, Sodium-Cooled, and Molten Salt Fast Reactor Applications. United States. doi:10.2172/1572154.
Shemon, Emily R., Yu, Yiqi, Jung, Yeon Sang, Feng, Bo, and Kim, Taek K. Mon . "Extension and Demonstration of NEAMS Multiphysics Tools to Lead-Cooled, Sodium-Cooled, and Molten Salt Fast Reactor Applications". United States. doi:10.2172/1572154. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1572154.
@article{osti_1572154,
title = {Extension and Demonstration of NEAMS Multiphysics Tools to Lead-Cooled, Sodium-Cooled, and Molten Salt Fast Reactor Applications},
author = {Shemon, Emily R. and Yu, Yiqi and Jung, Yeon Sang and Feng, Bo and Kim, Taek K.},
abstractNote = {The SHARP toolkit is a high-fidelity reactor simulation tool developed under the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS) Campaign. SHARP toolkit is comprised of the neutronics module PROTEUS thermal hydraulics module Nek5000, and structural mechanics module Diablo. During FY17 and FY18, the PROTEUS and Nek5000 components of SHARP were applied to solve challenging sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR) problems. In particular, selected hot channel factors (HCF) for a prototype metal-fueled SFR design (the AFR-100) were analyzed in high fidelity, and the “SHARP zooming capability” for SFRs was developed and demonstrated to reduce computational expense for full core problems in cases where detailed data is needed in selected fuel assemblies. After the previous success applying SHARP to challenging SFR problems, the focus in FY19 expanded to additional fast reactor applications: lead cooled fast reactors (LFR), sodium cooled fast reactors (SFR), and fast molten salt reactors (MSR). The specific technical tasks were (1) assessment of hot channel factors for LFR, for which no data currently exists, (2) implementation of a gamma transport capability in the PROTEUS solvers to extend the zooming capability to non-fueled assemblies, (3) demonstration of zooming capability in assemblies of the Versatile Test Reactor (VTR), and (4) development of a new coupled capability for simulating fast MSRs, specifically modeling precursor transport inside and outside the core. The progress on tasks (1) and (3) are discussed primarily in this document. Tasks (2) and (4) are briefly mentioned in this document, and the interested reader is referred to separate reports for detailed information. First-of-a-kind hot channel factor (HCF) estimation for LFR with high fidelity codes (PROTEUS/Nek5000) was successfully demonstrated in this study. Selected HCF were computed and compared with SFR data (AFR-100, EBR-II). The findings confirm that different reactor types, design parameters and uncertainties lead to different HCFs. Careful estimation of HCF for a specific design is necessary to obtain appropriate HCFs. In addition to improvement in HCF accuracy, high fidelity tools generate data to help the designer better understand the mechanism of the impact from these uncertainties. For example, the impact of cladding thickness manufacturing tolerance resulted in non-intuitive effects in the corner pins of the LFR assembly. This procedure of computing HCF using high fidelity models shows promise and flexibility for being repeated for any arbitrary reactor of choice, since these tools are targeted to solve many reactor types and geometries. Progress was made towards extending the previously demonstrated SHARP zooming capability to non-fueled SFR assemblies. In particular, a gamma transport capability was implemented in both high fidelity PROTEUS solvers in order to accurately account for heat deposition caused by gamma particles, which accounts for ~10% of total core power. Neutronics verification cases were carried out for a candidate Versatile Test Reactor (VTR) design using the new gamma transport capability in PROTEUS. Comparisons were made with continuous energy MCNP calculations and shown to agree well. The models for the full core design with heterogeneous control and fuel assemblies is in progress and will be completed in FY20. In the fast molten salt reactor (MSR) domain, a new capability was developed to model the flow of neutron precursors both inside and outside of the core, which impacts the effective delayed neutron fraction of the system. The PROTEUS-SN and PROTEUS-NODAL solvers were coupled to Nek5000 in order to simulate precursor flow. The workflows were demonstrated on test problems. The fast MSR modeling capability was supported under two other work packages, and comprehensive details are included in a separate report.},
doi = {10.2172/1572154},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {9}
}

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