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Title: Numerical Representations of Marine Ice-Nucleating Particles in Remote Marine Environments Evaluated against Observations

Abstract

The abundance and sources of ice nucleating particles (INPs), particles required for heterogeneous ice nucleation, are long-standing sources of uncertainty in quantifying aerosol-cloud interactions and the resulting radiative feedbacks. In this study, data from two observation campaigns dedicated to characterizing INPs associated with sea spray aerosol (SSA) and other sources were used to evaluate the current capabilities for numerically estimating number concentrations of INPs (nINPs) in remote marine environments in a global model. Aerosols simulated by the Community Atmospheric Model (CAM5) with constrained meteorology successfully reconstructed observed aerosol mass and surface area concentrations during field studies conducted at the Mace Head Research Station (MHD, North Atlantic) and over the Southern Ocean to the south of Tasmania (CAPRICORN). Accounting only for SSA and mineral dust contributions via existing parameterizations, simulated nINPs were within a factor of 10 of nINPs observed with an offline ice spectrometer at MHD and CAPRICORN, for 93% and 69% of observations, respectively, demonstrating model-observation closure for both studies. Exploring annual simulated vertical profiles of nINPs over MHD and CAPRICORN revealed that mineral dust INPs may be critical to INP populations above 3-5 km in remote locations, particularly during non-winter months. The interplay between mineral dust and SSAmore » demonstrated by these experiments indicates a need for future studies dedicated to constraining INP abundance and composition at altitudes relevant for mixed-phase clouds in remote marine regions.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. National Center for Atmospheric Research
  2. Colorado State University
  3. BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1571488
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-140385
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Geophysical Research Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 46; Journal Issue: 13
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Ice nucleating particles, sea spray aerosol, sea spray organic matter, atmospheric measurements, 2017 Office of Science Graduate Student Research (SCGSR) Program awardee, Measurement-Model Comparison

Citation Formats

Mccluskey, Christina S., DeMott, Paul J., Ma, Po Lun, and Burrows, Susannah M. Numerical Representations of Marine Ice-Nucleating Particles in Remote Marine Environments Evaluated against Observations. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1029/2018GL081861.
Mccluskey, Christina S., DeMott, Paul J., Ma, Po Lun, & Burrows, Susannah M. Numerical Representations of Marine Ice-Nucleating Particles in Remote Marine Environments Evaluated against Observations. United States. doi:10.1029/2018GL081861.
Mccluskey, Christina S., DeMott, Paul J., Ma, Po Lun, and Burrows, Susannah M. Tue . "Numerical Representations of Marine Ice-Nucleating Particles in Remote Marine Environments Evaluated against Observations". United States. doi:10.1029/2018GL081861.
@article{osti_1571488,
title = {Numerical Representations of Marine Ice-Nucleating Particles in Remote Marine Environments Evaluated against Observations},
author = {Mccluskey, Christina S. and DeMott, Paul J. and Ma, Po Lun and Burrows, Susannah M.},
abstractNote = {The abundance and sources of ice nucleating particles (INPs), particles required for heterogeneous ice nucleation, are long-standing sources of uncertainty in quantifying aerosol-cloud interactions and the resulting radiative feedbacks. In this study, data from two observation campaigns dedicated to characterizing INPs associated with sea spray aerosol (SSA) and other sources were used to evaluate the current capabilities for numerically estimating number concentrations of INPs (nINPs) in remote marine environments in a global model. Aerosols simulated by the Community Atmospheric Model (CAM5) with constrained meteorology successfully reconstructed observed aerosol mass and surface area concentrations during field studies conducted at the Mace Head Research Station (MHD, North Atlantic) and over the Southern Ocean to the south of Tasmania (CAPRICORN). Accounting only for SSA and mineral dust contributions via existing parameterizations, simulated nINPs were within a factor of 10 of nINPs observed with an offline ice spectrometer at MHD and CAPRICORN, for 93% and 69% of observations, respectively, demonstrating model-observation closure for both studies. Exploring annual simulated vertical profiles of nINPs over MHD and CAPRICORN revealed that mineral dust INPs may be critical to INP populations above 3-5 km in remote locations, particularly during non-winter months. The interplay between mineral dust and SSA demonstrated by these experiments indicates a need for future studies dedicated to constraining INP abundance and composition at altitudes relevant for mixed-phase clouds in remote marine regions.},
doi = {10.1029/2018GL081861},
journal = {Geophysical Research Letters},
number = 13,
volume = 46,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}

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