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Title: A Highly Reversible Zn Anode with Intrinsically Safe Organic Electrolyte for Long-Cycle-Life Batteries

Abstract

Dendrite has puzzled the metal anodes including Li and Zn for rechargeable batteries more than decades of years. Here we bypass this obstacle via adopting non-flammable Trimethyl Phosphate (TMP) safe organic electrolyte to build zinc ion batteries. The graphene-like form Zn deposit was gained via TMP surfactant and Zn3(PO4)2 molecular template. This novel morphology Zn anode demonstrates highly stable and reversible plating/stripping for more than 2000 hours without dendrite, and a remarkably high Coulombic efficiency (CE) of 99.57 %. Addition of Dimethyl Carbonate (DMC) to TMP enhanced the stability of Zn/Zn symmetric cells to over 5000 hours without sacrificing the CE (99.15 %) of Zn deposition/dissolution. Moreover, non-aqueous Zn-VS2 battery delivered a specific capacity of 146.6 mA h g-1 with a capacity retention of 94.38 % over 500 cycles. Excellent anodic stability, high CE and cycling stability of the full cell expands the scope for developing low cost, safe and high performance non-aqueous Zn batteries.

Authors:
 [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [5];  [5];  [5];  [6]
  1. Shanghai Jiao Tong University
  2. BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)
  3. Beijing Jiaotong University
  4. PNNL
  5. Shanghai University
  6. UNIVERSITY PROGRAMS
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1571480
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-146185
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Advanced Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 31; Journal Issue: 36
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Naveed, Ahmad, Yang, Huijun, Shao, Yuyan, Yang, Jun, Yanna, Nuli, Liu, Jun, Shi, Siqi, Zhang, Liwen, Ye, Anjiang, He, Bing, and Wang, Jiulin. A Highly Reversible Zn Anode with Intrinsically Safe Organic Electrolyte for Long-Cycle-Life Batteries. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1002/adma.201900668.
Naveed, Ahmad, Yang, Huijun, Shao, Yuyan, Yang, Jun, Yanna, Nuli, Liu, Jun, Shi, Siqi, Zhang, Liwen, Ye, Anjiang, He, Bing, & Wang, Jiulin. A Highly Reversible Zn Anode with Intrinsically Safe Organic Electrolyte for Long-Cycle-Life Batteries. United States. doi:10.1002/adma.201900668.
Naveed, Ahmad, Yang, Huijun, Shao, Yuyan, Yang, Jun, Yanna, Nuli, Liu, Jun, Shi, Siqi, Zhang, Liwen, Ye, Anjiang, He, Bing, and Wang, Jiulin. Fri . "A Highly Reversible Zn Anode with Intrinsically Safe Organic Electrolyte for Long-Cycle-Life Batteries". United States. doi:10.1002/adma.201900668.
@article{osti_1571480,
title = {A Highly Reversible Zn Anode with Intrinsically Safe Organic Electrolyte for Long-Cycle-Life Batteries},
author = {Naveed, Ahmad and Yang, Huijun and Shao, Yuyan and Yang, Jun and Yanna, Nuli and Liu, Jun and Shi, Siqi and Zhang, Liwen and Ye, Anjiang and He, Bing and Wang, Jiulin},
abstractNote = {Dendrite has puzzled the metal anodes including Li and Zn for rechargeable batteries more than decades of years. Here we bypass this obstacle via adopting non-flammable Trimethyl Phosphate (TMP) safe organic electrolyte to build zinc ion batteries. The graphene-like form Zn deposit was gained via TMP surfactant and Zn3(PO4)2 molecular template. This novel morphology Zn anode demonstrates highly stable and reversible plating/stripping for more than 2000 hours without dendrite, and a remarkably high Coulombic efficiency (CE) of 99.57 %. Addition of Dimethyl Carbonate (DMC) to TMP enhanced the stability of Zn/Zn symmetric cells to over 5000 hours without sacrificing the CE (99.15 %) of Zn deposition/dissolution. Moreover, non-aqueous Zn-VS2 battery delivered a specific capacity of 146.6 mA h g-1 with a capacity retention of 94.38 % over 500 cycles. Excellent anodic stability, high CE and cycling stability of the full cell expands the scope for developing low cost, safe and high performance non-aqueous Zn batteries.},
doi = {10.1002/adma.201900668},
journal = {Advanced Materials},
number = 36,
volume = 31,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {9}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Building better batteries
journal, February 2008

  • Armand, M.; Tarascon, J.-M.
  • Nature, Vol. 451, Issue 7179, p. 652-657
  • DOI: 10.1038/451652a

Nanomaterials for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries
journal, April 2008

  • Bruce, Peter G.; Scrosati, Bruno; Tarascon, Jean-Marie
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 47, Issue 16, p. 2930-2946
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.200702505