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Title: Scale-invariant magnetic textures in the strongly correlated oxide NdNiO 3

Abstract

Strongly correlated quantum solids are characterized by an inherently granular electronic fabric, with spatial patterns that can span multiple length scales in proximity to a critical point. Here, we use a resonant magnetic X-ray scattering nanoprobe with sub-100 nm spatial resolution to directly visualize the texture of antiferromagnetic domains in NdNiO 3. Surprisingly, our measurements reveal a highly textured magnetic fabric, which we show to be robust and nonvolatile even after thermal erasure across its ordering temperature. The scale-free distribution of antiferromagnetic domains and its non-integral dimensionality point to a hitherto-unobserved magnetic fractal geometry in this system. These scale-invariant textures directly reflect the continuous nature of the magnetic transition and the proximity of this system to a critical point. The present study not only exposes the near-critical behavior in rare earth nickelates but also underscores the potential for X-ray scattering nanoprobes to image the multiscale signatures of criticality near a critical point.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1];  [5];  [4];  [6]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  3. Univ. of Geneva (Switzerland); NanoGUNE Cooperative Research Center (CIC), Donostia (Spain)
  4. Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States)
  5. Univ. of Zurich (Switzerland)
  6. Univ. of Geneva (Switzerland)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Science Foundation (NSF); European Research Council (ERC)
OSTI Identifier:
1571408
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1575911
Report Number(s):
BNL-212220-2019-JAAM; BNL-212357-2019-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Li, Jiarui, Pelliciari, Jonathan, Mazzoli, Claudio, Catalano, Sara, Simmons, Forrest, Sadowski, Jerzy T., Levitan, Abraham, Gibert, Marta, Carlson, Erica, Triscone, Jean-Marc, Wilkins, Stuart, and Comin, Riccardo. Scale-invariant magnetic textures in the strongly correlated oxide NdNiO3. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1038/s41467-019-12502-0.
Li, Jiarui, Pelliciari, Jonathan, Mazzoli, Claudio, Catalano, Sara, Simmons, Forrest, Sadowski, Jerzy T., Levitan, Abraham, Gibert, Marta, Carlson, Erica, Triscone, Jean-Marc, Wilkins, Stuart, & Comin, Riccardo. Scale-invariant magnetic textures in the strongly correlated oxide NdNiO3. United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-019-12502-0.
Li, Jiarui, Pelliciari, Jonathan, Mazzoli, Claudio, Catalano, Sara, Simmons, Forrest, Sadowski, Jerzy T., Levitan, Abraham, Gibert, Marta, Carlson, Erica, Triscone, Jean-Marc, Wilkins, Stuart, and Comin, Riccardo. Tue . "Scale-invariant magnetic textures in the strongly correlated oxide NdNiO3". United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-019-12502-0. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1571408.
@article{osti_1571408,
title = {Scale-invariant magnetic textures in the strongly correlated oxide NdNiO3},
author = {Li, Jiarui and Pelliciari, Jonathan and Mazzoli, Claudio and Catalano, Sara and Simmons, Forrest and Sadowski, Jerzy T. and Levitan, Abraham and Gibert, Marta and Carlson, Erica and Triscone, Jean-Marc and Wilkins, Stuart and Comin, Riccardo},
abstractNote = {Strongly correlated quantum solids are characterized by an inherently granular electronic fabric, with spatial patterns that can span multiple length scales in proximity to a critical point. Here, we use a resonant magnetic X-ray scattering nanoprobe with sub-100 nm spatial resolution to directly visualize the texture of antiferromagnetic domains in NdNiO3. Surprisingly, our measurements reveal a highly textured magnetic fabric, which we show to be robust and nonvolatile even after thermal erasure across its ordering temperature. The scale-free distribution of antiferromagnetic domains and its non-integral dimensionality point to a hitherto-unobserved magnetic fractal geometry in this system. These scale-invariant textures directly reflect the continuous nature of the magnetic transition and the proximity of this system to a critical point. The present study not only exposes the near-critical behavior in rare earth nickelates but also underscores the potential for X-ray scattering nanoprobes to image the multiscale signatures of criticality near a critical point.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-019-12502-0},
journal = {Nature Communications},
issn = {2041-1723},
number = 1,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}

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