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Title: Grand Challenges in the Science of Wind Energy

Abstract

Harvested by advanced technical systems honed over decades of research and development, wind energy has become a mainstream energy resource. However, continued innovation is needed to realize the potential of wind to serve global demand for clean energy. Here, we outline three interdependent, cross-disciplinary grand challenges underpinning this research endeavor. The first is the need for a deeper understanding of the physics of atmospheric flow in the critical zone of plant operation. The second involves science and engineering of the largest dynamic, rotating machines in the world. The third encompasses optimization and control of fleets of wind plants working synergistically within the electricity grid. Addressing these challenges could enable wind power to provide as much as half of our global electricity needs.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [7];  [1];  [8]; ORCiD logo [9];  [10];  [11];  [12]; ORCiD logo [1];  [13];  [14];  [15] more »;  [16];  [17];  [18]; ORCiD logo [1];  [13];  [2];  [19];  [20];  [21] « less
  1. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  2. Technical University of Denmark
  3. ForWind - Center for Wind Energy Research
  4. Technical University of Munich
  5. Chalmers University of Technology
  6. WindForS - Wind Energy Research Center
  7. Recognis Oy
  8. Kjeller Vindteknikk Oy
  9. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); University of Colorado, Boulder
  10. University of Massachusetts Amherst
  11. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  12. Johns Hopkins University
  13. National Renewable Energy Center of Spain
  14. Norwegian University of Science and Technology
  15. University of Wyoming
  16. University of Colorado, Boulder
  17. Sandia National Laboratories
  18. University of Oldenburg
  19. Energy Systems Integration Group
  20. Electric Power Research Institute
  21. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
OSTI Identifier:
1571388
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5000-70493
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Science
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
17 WIND ENERGY; wind energy; innovation; atmospheric flow; engineering; optimization; wind plants; electricity grid

Citation Formats

Veers, Paul S, Dykes, Katherine, Lantz, Eric J, Barth, Stephan, Bottasso, Carlo, Carlson, Ola, Clifton, Andrew, Green, Johney, Green, Peter, Holttinen, Hannele, Laird, Daniel, Lehtomaki, Ville, Lundquist, Julie, Manwell, James, Marquis, Melinda, Meneveau, Charles, Moriarty, Patrick J, Munduate, Xabier, Muskulus, Michael, Naughton, Jonathan, Pao, Lucy, Paquette, Joshua, Peinke, Joachim, Robertson, Amy N, Sans Rodrigo, Javier, Sepreviva, Anna Maria, Smith, J. Charles, Tuohy, Aidan, and Wiser, Ryan. Grand Challenges in the Science of Wind Energy. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:https://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aau2027.
Veers, Paul S, Dykes, Katherine, Lantz, Eric J, Barth, Stephan, Bottasso, Carlo, Carlson, Ola, Clifton, Andrew, Green, Johney, Green, Peter, Holttinen, Hannele, Laird, Daniel, Lehtomaki, Ville, Lundquist, Julie, Manwell, James, Marquis, Melinda, Meneveau, Charles, Moriarty, Patrick J, Munduate, Xabier, Muskulus, Michael, Naughton, Jonathan, Pao, Lucy, Paquette, Joshua, Peinke, Joachim, Robertson, Amy N, Sans Rodrigo, Javier, Sepreviva, Anna Maria, Smith, J. Charles, Tuohy, Aidan, & Wiser, Ryan. Grand Challenges in the Science of Wind Energy. United States. doi:https://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aau2027.
Veers, Paul S, Dykes, Katherine, Lantz, Eric J, Barth, Stephan, Bottasso, Carlo, Carlson, Ola, Clifton, Andrew, Green, Johney, Green, Peter, Holttinen, Hannele, Laird, Daniel, Lehtomaki, Ville, Lundquist, Julie, Manwell, James, Marquis, Melinda, Meneveau, Charles, Moriarty, Patrick J, Munduate, Xabier, Muskulus, Michael, Naughton, Jonathan, Pao, Lucy, Paquette, Joshua, Peinke, Joachim, Robertson, Amy N, Sans Rodrigo, Javier, Sepreviva, Anna Maria, Smith, J. Charles, Tuohy, Aidan, and Wiser, Ryan. Thu . "Grand Challenges in the Science of Wind Energy". United States. doi:https://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aau2027.
@article{osti_1571388,
title = {Grand Challenges in the Science of Wind Energy},
author = {Veers, Paul S and Dykes, Katherine and Lantz, Eric J and Barth, Stephan and Bottasso, Carlo and Carlson, Ola and Clifton, Andrew and Green, Johney and Green, Peter and Holttinen, Hannele and Laird, Daniel and Lehtomaki, Ville and Lundquist, Julie and Manwell, James and Marquis, Melinda and Meneveau, Charles and Moriarty, Patrick J and Munduate, Xabier and Muskulus, Michael and Naughton, Jonathan and Pao, Lucy and Paquette, Joshua and Peinke, Joachim and Robertson, Amy N and Sans Rodrigo, Javier and Sepreviva, Anna Maria and Smith, J. Charles and Tuohy, Aidan and Wiser, Ryan},
abstractNote = {Harvested by advanced technical systems honed over decades of research and development, wind energy has become a mainstream energy resource. However, continued innovation is needed to realize the potential of wind to serve global demand for clean energy. Here, we outline three interdependent, cross-disciplinary grand challenges underpinning this research endeavor. The first is the need for a deeper understanding of the physics of atmospheric flow in the critical zone of plant operation. The second involves science and engineering of the largest dynamic, rotating machines in the world. The third encompasses optimization and control of fleets of wind plants working synergistically within the electricity grid. Addressing these challenges could enable wind power to provide as much as half of our global electricity needs.},
doi = {https://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aau2027},
journal = {Science},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}