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Title: A Planar Biaxial Experiment Platform for In Situ High-Energy Diffraction Studies

Abstract

An experimental platform for multiscale studies of materials subjected to plane stress loads is presented. Specifically, a planar biaxial mechanical load frame with four independent hydraulic actuators capable of applying arbitrary loading paths and ratios of tension and compression was designed and built for in situ diffraction experimentation. The load frame is integrated for use at the Argonne National Laboratory Advanced Photon Source (APS) synchrotron, Sector 1, 1-ID-E endstation and the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) spallation neutron source, Spectrometer for Materials Research at Temperature and Stress (SMARTS) instrument. Cruciform specimen geometries were designed to experience loading ratios in the gauges commensurate with those applied at the grips, and to minimize interference with diffracted X-rays and neutrons. The finite element models used to design the cruciform specimen geometries were experimentally validated using stereo digital image correlation measurements. This complete planar biaxial in situ diffraction platform provides a new capability for studying multiaxial micromechanics of crystalline materials (e.g., elastic, slip, twinning, phase transformation) and their dependencies on grain size, location, texture, and neighborhood characteristics. The coupling with far-field high energy diffraction microscopy (ff-HEDM) for grain-by-grain measurements provides an additional benefit; provided crystal elastic constants of a material are known, itmore » enables the direct measurement of local and average stress tensors in the gauge sections of cruciform specimens, resolving a long outstanding challenge of planar biaxial mechanical testing.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Science Foundation (NSF); Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL)
OSTI Identifier:
1570435
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Experimental Mechanics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 59; Journal Issue: 5
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
3D X-ray diffraction (3DXRD); cruciform specimen; high energy diffraction microscopy (HEDM); micromechanics; multiaxial mechanics

Citation Formats

Hommer, G. M., Park, J. -S., Brunson, Z. D., Dahal, J., Kenesei, P., Mashayekhi, A., Almer, J. D., Vignes, J., Lemmer, S. R., Clausen, B., Brown, D. W., and Stebner, A. P. A Planar Biaxial Experiment Platform for In Situ High-Energy Diffraction Studies. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1007/s11340-019-00509-z.
Hommer, G. M., Park, J. -S., Brunson, Z. D., Dahal, J., Kenesei, P., Mashayekhi, A., Almer, J. D., Vignes, J., Lemmer, S. R., Clausen, B., Brown, D. W., & Stebner, A. P. A Planar Biaxial Experiment Platform for In Situ High-Energy Diffraction Studies. United States. doi:10.1007/s11340-019-00509-z.
Hommer, G. M., Park, J. -S., Brunson, Z. D., Dahal, J., Kenesei, P., Mashayekhi, A., Almer, J. D., Vignes, J., Lemmer, S. R., Clausen, B., Brown, D. W., and Stebner, A. P. Sat . "A Planar Biaxial Experiment Platform for In Situ High-Energy Diffraction Studies". United States. doi:10.1007/s11340-019-00509-z.
@article{osti_1570435,
title = {A Planar Biaxial Experiment Platform for In Situ High-Energy Diffraction Studies},
author = {Hommer, G. M. and Park, J. -S. and Brunson, Z. D. and Dahal, J. and Kenesei, P. and Mashayekhi, A. and Almer, J. D. and Vignes, J. and Lemmer, S. R. and Clausen, B. and Brown, D. W. and Stebner, A. P.},
abstractNote = {An experimental platform for multiscale studies of materials subjected to plane stress loads is presented. Specifically, a planar biaxial mechanical load frame with four independent hydraulic actuators capable of applying arbitrary loading paths and ratios of tension and compression was designed and built for in situ diffraction experimentation. The load frame is integrated for use at the Argonne National Laboratory Advanced Photon Source (APS) synchrotron, Sector 1, 1-ID-E endstation and the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) spallation neutron source, Spectrometer for Materials Research at Temperature and Stress (SMARTS) instrument. Cruciform specimen geometries were designed to experience loading ratios in the gauges commensurate with those applied at the grips, and to minimize interference with diffracted X-rays and neutrons. The finite element models used to design the cruciform specimen geometries were experimentally validated using stereo digital image correlation measurements. This complete planar biaxial in situ diffraction platform provides a new capability for studying multiaxial micromechanics of crystalline materials (e.g., elastic, slip, twinning, phase transformation) and their dependencies on grain size, location, texture, and neighborhood characteristics. The coupling with far-field high energy diffraction microscopy (ff-HEDM) for grain-by-grain measurements provides an additional benefit; provided crystal elastic constants of a material are known, it enables the direct measurement of local and average stress tensors in the gauge sections of cruciform specimens, resolving a long outstanding challenge of planar biaxial mechanical testing.},
doi = {10.1007/s11340-019-00509-z},
journal = {Experimental Mechanics},
number = 5,
volume = 59,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

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