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Title: DC-Connected Solar Plus Storage Modeling for Behind-the-Meter Systems in SAM

Abstract

A detailed model for PV plus DC-connected batteries was developed. This model was compared to an existing AC connected battery model in the System Advisor Model (SAM) tool using a hypothetical Honolulu residence with a PV plus storage system. The stand-alone PV system was shown to provide the most value; however due to the increased difficulty of PV systems being approved for grid interconnection in Hawaii, it is valuable to install an AC or DC connected battery to enable full PV self-consumption under a less restrictive interconnection option. In that case both battery systems enabled full PV self consumption at the residence, requiring no power to be exported to the grid. The DC-connected battery system captured energy from the PV array which would have also been clipped due to inverter limitations. For a PV system with DC/AC ratio of 1.23, the battery configurations produced net-present values within 1% of each other, but when the DC/AC ratio increased to 1.85, the DC-connected system increased the net-present value by 13%.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Solar Energy Technologies Office (EE-4S)
OSTI Identifier:
1570428
Report Number(s):
NREL/PR-6A20-71779
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Presented at the 2018 IEEE 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC), 10-15 June 2018, Waikoloa Village, Hawaii
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 25 ENERGY STORAGE; solar plus storage; topology; pv; batteries; AC-connected; DC-connected; SAM

Citation Formats

DiOrio, Nicholas A, Freeman, Janine M, and Blair, Nathan J. DC-Connected Solar Plus Storage Modeling for Behind-the-Meter Systems in SAM. United States: N. p., 2019. Web.
DiOrio, Nicholas A, Freeman, Janine M, & Blair, Nathan J. DC-Connected Solar Plus Storage Modeling for Behind-the-Meter Systems in SAM. United States.
DiOrio, Nicholas A, Freeman, Janine M, and Blair, Nathan J. Wed . "DC-Connected Solar Plus Storage Modeling for Behind-the-Meter Systems in SAM". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1570428.
@article{osti_1570428,
title = {DC-Connected Solar Plus Storage Modeling for Behind-the-Meter Systems in SAM},
author = {DiOrio, Nicholas A and Freeman, Janine M and Blair, Nathan J},
abstractNote = {A detailed model for PV plus DC-connected batteries was developed. This model was compared to an existing AC connected battery model in the System Advisor Model (SAM) tool using a hypothetical Honolulu residence with a PV plus storage system. The stand-alone PV system was shown to provide the most value; however due to the increased difficulty of PV systems being approved for grid interconnection in Hawaii, it is valuable to install an AC or DC connected battery to enable full PV self-consumption under a less restrictive interconnection option. In that case both battery systems enabled full PV self consumption at the residence, requiring no power to be exported to the grid. The DC-connected battery system captured energy from the PV array which would have also been clipped due to inverter limitations. For a PV system with DC/AC ratio of 1.23, the battery configurations produced net-present values within 1% of each other, but when the DC/AC ratio increased to 1.85, the DC-connected system increased the net-present value by 13%.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}

Conference:
Other availability
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