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Title: DE-FG02-04ER54793: HOMOCLINIC TANGLES IN DIII-D DIVERTOR TOKAMAK

Abstract

A new approach was developed for the calculation of homoclinic tangles of the primary unperturbed separatrix in divertor tokamaks. This new approach is different than calculating tangles by following single trajectories in phase space [M. V. Berry, Topics in Nonlinear Dynamics (Ed. S. Jorna), Am. Inst. Phys. Conf. Proc. 46, 16-120 (1978)] or calculating the trajectories asymptotically in canonical time [R. K. W. Roeder, B. I. Rapoport, and T. E. Evans, Phys. Plasmas 10, 3796 (2003)]. The approach is to consider an equilibrium manifold as a whole and to calculate how the entire manifold evolves in phase space in time under the influence of perturbations. When the forward moving and the backward moving manifolds meet in a poloidal plane and intersect, they form tangles to preserve the topological invariance of the Hamiltonian system. This approach was applied to the DIII-D tokamak. The low mn, the high mn, the peeling-ballooning modes, and topological noise and field error perturbations were considered. The results of the peeling-ballooning modes were analyzed. It was found that the perturbations create very complicated structures in phase space [A. Punjabi and A. Boozer, Phys. Lett A 378, 2410-2416 (2014); A. Punjabi, Phys. Plasmas 21, 122516 (2014)]. The structuremore » of tangles gives a possible cause for generation of radial electric fields in divertor tokamaks, and the possible consequent drifts, currents, shears, and curvature effects from the resulting complicated electric fields can possibly indicate a path to L to H mode transition [F. Wagner F et al, Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 1408 (1982)] in divertor tokamaks. During the present period, four (4) refereed paper were published; six (6) contributed papers were presented at the EPS Conference on Plasma Physics and published in the EPS conference proceedings; six (6) contributed poster papers, co-authored with HU undergraduate students, were presented at APS/DPP Annual Meetings; three contributed papers were presented at HU School of Science Annual Research Symposia; four (4) invited talks were given; one talk, co-authored by Dr. Allen Boozer and the PI, was given by Dr. Boozer at the 20th International Stellarator-Heliotron Workshop 2015, in Greifswald, Germany; and four (4) graduate students and nine (9) undergraduate students were mentored and provided research experience in fusion science. For the renewal period, it is planned to work on four (4) new problems. These are: Homoclinic tangles of the separatrices of the DIII-D and the simple map, magnetic topology and homoclinic tangles of separatrices in divertor tokamaks, resonant stellarator divertors, and nonresonant stellarator divertors.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. Hampton Univ., Hampton, VA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Hampton Univ., Hampton, VA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1570386
Report Number(s):
DOE-HAMPTONU-04ER54793
DOE Contract Number:  
FG02-04ER54793
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

PUNJABI, ALKESH, and ALI, HALIMA. DE-FG02-04ER54793: HOMOCLINIC TANGLES IN DIII-D DIVERTOR TOKAMAK. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.2172/1570386.
PUNJABI, ALKESH, & ALI, HALIMA. DE-FG02-04ER54793: HOMOCLINIC TANGLES IN DIII-D DIVERTOR TOKAMAK. United States. doi:10.2172/1570386.
PUNJABI, ALKESH, and ALI, HALIMA. Wed . "DE-FG02-04ER54793: HOMOCLINIC TANGLES IN DIII-D DIVERTOR TOKAMAK". United States. doi:10.2172/1570386. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1570386.
@article{osti_1570386,
title = {DE-FG02-04ER54793: HOMOCLINIC TANGLES IN DIII-D DIVERTOR TOKAMAK},
author = {PUNJABI, ALKESH and ALI, HALIMA},
abstractNote = {A new approach was developed for the calculation of homoclinic tangles of the primary unperturbed separatrix in divertor tokamaks. This new approach is different than calculating tangles by following single trajectories in phase space [M. V. Berry, Topics in Nonlinear Dynamics (Ed. S. Jorna), Am. Inst. Phys. Conf. Proc. 46, 16-120 (1978)] or calculating the trajectories asymptotically in canonical time [R. K. W. Roeder, B. I. Rapoport, and T. E. Evans, Phys. Plasmas 10, 3796 (2003)]. The approach is to consider an equilibrium manifold as a whole and to calculate how the entire manifold evolves in phase space in time under the influence of perturbations. When the forward moving and the backward moving manifolds meet in a poloidal plane and intersect, they form tangles to preserve the topological invariance of the Hamiltonian system. This approach was applied to the DIII-D tokamak. The low mn, the high mn, the peeling-ballooning modes, and topological noise and field error perturbations were considered. The results of the peeling-ballooning modes were analyzed. It was found that the perturbations create very complicated structures in phase space [A. Punjabi and A. Boozer, Phys. Lett A 378, 2410-2416 (2014); A. Punjabi, Phys. Plasmas 21, 122516 (2014)]. The structure of tangles gives a possible cause for generation of radial electric fields in divertor tokamaks, and the possible consequent drifts, currents, shears, and curvature effects from the resulting complicated electric fields can possibly indicate a path to L to H mode transition [F. Wagner F et al, Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 1408 (1982)] in divertor tokamaks. During the present period, four (4) refereed paper were published; six (6) contributed papers were presented at the EPS Conference on Plasma Physics and published in the EPS conference proceedings; six (6) contributed poster papers, co-authored with HU undergraduate students, were presented at APS/DPP Annual Meetings; three contributed papers were presented at HU School of Science Annual Research Symposia; four (4) invited talks were given; one talk, co-authored by Dr. Allen Boozer and the PI, was given by Dr. Boozer at the 20th International Stellarator-Heliotron Workshop 2015, in Greifswald, Germany; and four (4) graduate students and nine (9) undergraduate students were mentored and provided research experience in fusion science. For the renewal period, it is planned to work on four (4) new problems. These are: Homoclinic tangles of the separatrices of the DIII-D and the simple map, magnetic topology and homoclinic tangles of separatrices in divertor tokamaks, resonant stellarator divertors, and nonresonant stellarator divertors.},
doi = {10.2172/1570386},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}