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Title: Impedance-Based Characterization of Power System Frequency Response: Preprint

Abstract

This paper presents an impedance-based noninvasive approach for the characterization of power system frequency response in real time in the absence of a transient event. It measures transfer function response from the injected active power to the frequency at the point of interconnection for the estimation of inertia and primary frequency response of the system. The so-called frequency response function also shows the effects of the speed of primary frequency control. The paper also derives the relationship between the frequency response function and the network impedance seen from the point of interconnection. This relationship highlights how impedance captures the frequency response behavior of a network. The proposed methodology is demonstrated on a modified IEEE 9-bus system with 25% penetration of wind and PV generation; a 5-MW battery energy storage system is used for the injection of active power perturbations for the measurement of the frequency response function.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Wind and Water Technologies Office (EE-4W)
OSTI Identifier:
1569687
Report Number(s):
NREL/CP-5D00-72478
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Presented at the 2019 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting (IEEE PES GM), 4-8 August 2019, Atlanta, Georgia
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
17 WIND ENERGY; impedance-based analysis; frequency response; inertia; primary frequency control; ROCOF; frequency adequacy

Citation Formats

Shah, Shahil D, and Gevorgian, Vahan. Impedance-Based Characterization of Power System Frequency Response: Preprint. United States: N. p., 2019. Web.
Shah, Shahil D, & Gevorgian, Vahan. Impedance-Based Characterization of Power System Frequency Response: Preprint. United States.
Shah, Shahil D, and Gevorgian, Vahan. Tue . "Impedance-Based Characterization of Power System Frequency Response: Preprint". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1569687.
@article{osti_1569687,
title = {Impedance-Based Characterization of Power System Frequency Response: Preprint},
author = {Shah, Shahil D and Gevorgian, Vahan},
abstractNote = {This paper presents an impedance-based noninvasive approach for the characterization of power system frequency response in real time in the absence of a transient event. It measures transfer function response from the injected active power to the frequency at the point of interconnection for the estimation of inertia and primary frequency response of the system. The so-called frequency response function also shows the effects of the speed of primary frequency control. The paper also derives the relationship between the frequency response function and the network impedance seen from the point of interconnection. This relationship highlights how impedance captures the frequency response behavior of a network. The proposed methodology is demonstrated on a modified IEEE 9-bus system with 25% penetration of wind and PV generation; a 5-MW battery energy storage system is used for the injection of active power perturbations for the measurement of the frequency response function.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}

Conference:
Other availability
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