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Title: Numerical Simulation and Validation of Gas and Molten Metal Flows in Close-Coupled Gas Atomization

Abstract

Molten metal atomization in close-coupled gas atomization dies can operate between two limiting conditions, jetting and filming, together with several complex mechanisms: liquid-gas drafting, downward/upward shearing, melt bouncing, etc. Liquid jet deformation depends on flow and geometric parameters, such as liquid Reynolds, liquid Weber, and gas Mach numbers, as well as gas jet apex angle and melt tube tip extension and aspect ratio, among others. Understanding their effect is of importance for the metal powder making industry. Numerical gas atomization studies can provide approximated flow information and consider a wide range of conditions, beyond experimental reach. Here, 3D high-resolution simulations employing a 5-equation compressible flow model coupled with the volume-of-fluid method are compared with experiments, for liquid Weber number in the range of 1–30 and liquid Reynolds number below 10,000. This validation explores the predicting capabilities of the numerical model.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [1]
  1. Ames Lab., Ames, IA (United States)
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF); Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1567503
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: TMS 2019 148th Annual Meeting & Exhibition Supplemental Proceedings
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Hernandez, F., Riedemann, T., Tiarks, J., Kong, B., Regele, J. D., Ward, T., and Anderson, I. E. Numerical Simulation and Validation of Gas and Molten Metal Flows in Close-Coupled Gas Atomization. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-05861-6_143.
Hernandez, F., Riedemann, T., Tiarks, J., Kong, B., Regele, J. D., Ward, T., & Anderson, I. E. Numerical Simulation and Validation of Gas and Molten Metal Flows in Close-Coupled Gas Atomization. United States. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-05861-6_143.
Hernandez, F., Riedemann, T., Tiarks, J., Kong, B., Regele, J. D., Ward, T., and Anderson, I. E. Wed . "Numerical Simulation and Validation of Gas and Molten Metal Flows in Close-Coupled Gas Atomization". United States. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-05861-6_143.
@article{osti_1567503,
title = {Numerical Simulation and Validation of Gas and Molten Metal Flows in Close-Coupled Gas Atomization},
author = {Hernandez, F. and Riedemann, T. and Tiarks, J. and Kong, B. and Regele, J. D. and Ward, T. and Anderson, I. E.},
abstractNote = {Molten metal atomization in close-coupled gas atomization dies can operate between two limiting conditions, jetting and filming, together with several complex mechanisms: liquid-gas drafting, downward/upward shearing, melt bouncing, etc. Liquid jet deformation depends on flow and geometric parameters, such as liquid Reynolds, liquid Weber, and gas Mach numbers, as well as gas jet apex angle and melt tube tip extension and aspect ratio, among others. Understanding their effect is of importance for the metal powder making industry. Numerical gas atomization studies can provide approximated flow information and consider a wide range of conditions, beyond experimental reach. Here, 3D high-resolution simulations employing a 5-equation compressible flow model coupled with the volume-of-fluid method are compared with experiments, for liquid Weber number in the range of 1–30 and liquid Reynolds number below 10,000. This validation explores the predicting capabilities of the numerical model.},
doi = {10.1007/978-3-030-05861-6_143},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {2}
}

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