skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: The Diurnal and Microphysical Characteristics of MJO Rain Events during DYNAMO

Abstract

The Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO) dominates the intraseasonal variability of cloud populations of the tropical Indian and Paci?c Oceans. Suppressed MJO periods consist primarily of shallow and isolated deep convection. During the transition to an active MJO, the shallow and isolated deep clouds grow upscale into the overnight hours. During active MJO periods, mesoscale convective systems occur mostly during 2–4-day bursts of rainfall activity with a statistically signi?cant early morning peak. Yet when these rain events are separated into individual active periods, some periods do not follow the mean pattern, with the November events in particular exhibiting an afternoon peak. The radar-observed microphysical processes producing the precipitation during the major rain events of active MJO periods evolve in connection with synoptic-scale wave passages with varying in?uences of diurnal forcing. MJO studies that do not account for the in-termittency of rainfall during active MJO phases through averaging over multiple events can lead to the misimpression that the primary rain-producing clouds of the MJO are modulated solely by the diurnal cycle.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON
  2. UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON (MAIN CAMPUS)
  3. University of Washington
  4. Universidad Nacional de Colombia
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1567196
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-147603
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 76; Journal Issue: 7
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Rowe, Angela K., Houze, Robert A., Brodzik, Stacy R., and Zuluaga, Manuel D. The Diurnal and Microphysical Characteristics of MJO Rain Events during DYNAMO. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1175/JAS-D-18-0316.1.
Rowe, Angela K., Houze, Robert A., Brodzik, Stacy R., & Zuluaga, Manuel D. The Diurnal and Microphysical Characteristics of MJO Rain Events during DYNAMO. United States. doi:10.1175/JAS-D-18-0316.1.
Rowe, Angela K., Houze, Robert A., Brodzik, Stacy R., and Zuluaga, Manuel D. Mon . "The Diurnal and Microphysical Characteristics of MJO Rain Events during DYNAMO". United States. doi:10.1175/JAS-D-18-0316.1.
@article{osti_1567196,
title = {The Diurnal and Microphysical Characteristics of MJO Rain Events during DYNAMO},
author = {Rowe, Angela K. and Houze, Robert A. and Brodzik, Stacy R. and Zuluaga, Manuel D.},
abstractNote = {The Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO) dominates the intraseasonal variability of cloud populations of the tropical Indian and Paci?c Oceans. Suppressed MJO periods consist primarily of shallow and isolated deep convection. During the transition to an active MJO, the shallow and isolated deep clouds grow upscale into the overnight hours. During active MJO periods, mesoscale convective systems occur mostly during 2–4-day bursts of rainfall activity with a statistically signi?cant early morning peak. Yet when these rain events are separated into individual active periods, some periods do not follow the mean pattern, with the November events in particular exhibiting an afternoon peak. The radar-observed microphysical processes producing the precipitation during the major rain events of active MJO periods evolve in connection with synoptic-scale wave passages with varying in?uences of diurnal forcing. MJO studies that do not account for the in-termittency of rainfall during active MJO phases through averaging over multiple events can lead to the misimpression that the primary rain-producing clouds of the MJO are modulated solely by the diurnal cycle.},
doi = {10.1175/JAS-D-18-0316.1},
journal = {Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences},
number = 7,
volume = 76,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}