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Title: “Switching on” iron in clay minerals

Abstract

Being the fourth most abundant element in the Earth’s crust, iron (Fe) is a key player in myriad biogeochemical processes. Iron that resides in clay mineral structures undergoes cycling between Fe(II) and Fe(III). This iron comprises a large redox-active pool in surface environments, controlling the fate and transport of nutrients and contaminants. The electron transfer involving this iron species is poorly understood. We observe that Fe(III) in clay minerals is not redox active, unless a minor amount of Fe(II) is introduced into the predominantly-Fe(III) structure. These “activated” clay minerals are redox-active both in the presence and absence of oxygen. In the presence of oxygen, Fe(II) catalyzes the production of reactive oxygen species; however, the oxidation pathway in the absence of oxygen is unknown. Here we show that under oxygen-free conditions, the redox-active species in clay minerals is FeII-O-FeIII moiety at the edge site. Our ab initio calculations illustrate that desorption of water from an FeII-O-FeIII site in clay mineral requires less energy, compared to an FeIII-O-FeIII site. We propose that this lower barrier for the desorption of water increases the apparent kinetics of redox reactions on clay mineral surfaces.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3];  [1]
  1. Sandia National Laboratory
  2. BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)
  3. Sandia National Laboratories
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1567049
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-139445
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Environmental Science Nano
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 6
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Ilgen, Anastasia G., Kukkadapu, Ravi K., Leung, Kevin, and Washington, Rachel E. “Switching on” iron in clay minerals. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1039/c9en00228f.
Ilgen, Anastasia G., Kukkadapu, Ravi K., Leung, Kevin, & Washington, Rachel E. “Switching on” iron in clay minerals. United States. doi:10.1039/c9en00228f.
Ilgen, Anastasia G., Kukkadapu, Ravi K., Leung, Kevin, and Washington, Rachel E. Mon . "“Switching on” iron in clay minerals". United States. doi:10.1039/c9en00228f.
@article{osti_1567049,
title = {“Switching on” iron in clay minerals},
author = {Ilgen, Anastasia G. and Kukkadapu, Ravi K. and Leung, Kevin and Washington, Rachel E.},
abstractNote = {Being the fourth most abundant element in the Earth’s crust, iron (Fe) is a key player in myriad biogeochemical processes. Iron that resides in clay mineral structures undergoes cycling between Fe(II) and Fe(III). This iron comprises a large redox-active pool in surface environments, controlling the fate and transport of nutrients and contaminants. The electron transfer involving this iron species is poorly understood. We observe that Fe(III) in clay minerals is not redox active, unless a minor amount of Fe(II) is introduced into the predominantly-Fe(III) structure. These “activated” clay minerals are redox-active both in the presence and absence of oxygen. In the presence of oxygen, Fe(II) catalyzes the production of reactive oxygen species; however, the oxidation pathway in the absence of oxygen is unknown. Here we show that under oxygen-free conditions, the redox-active species in clay minerals is FeII-O-FeIII moiety at the edge site. Our ab initio calculations illustrate that desorption of water from an FeII-O-FeIII site in clay mineral requires less energy, compared to an FeIII-O-FeIII site. We propose that this lower barrier for the desorption of water increases the apparent kinetics of redox reactions on clay mineral surfaces.},
doi = {10.1039/c9en00228f},
journal = {Environmental Science Nano},
number = 6,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}

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