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Title: Rare earth elements: Mendeleev’s bane, modern marvels

Abstract

The rare earths (REs) are a family of 17 elements that exhibit pronounced chemical similarities as a group, while individually expressing distinctive and varied electronic properties. These atomistic electronic properties are extraordinarily useful and motivate the application of REs in many technologies and devices. From their discovery to the present day, a major challenge faced by chemists has been the separation of RE elements, which has evolved from tedious crystallization to highly engineered solvent extraction schemes. The increasing incorporation and dependence of REs in technology have raised concerns about their sustainability and motivated recent studies for improved separations to achieve a circular RE economy.

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Center for Actinide Science & Technology (CAST); Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States); Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1566721
DOE Contract Number:  
SC0016568; SC0017259
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 363; Journal Issue: 6426; Journal ID: ISSN 0036-8075
Publisher:
AAAS
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
nuclear, defects, mechanical behavior, corrosion, charge transport, superconductivity, magnetism and spin physics, separations, geophysics/geochemistry, materials and chemistry by design, synthesis (novel materials), synthesis (self-assembly), synthesis (predictive), synthesis (scalable processing)

Citation Formats

Cheisson, Thibault, and Schelter, Eric J. Rare earth elements: Mendeleev’s bane, modern marvels. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1126/science.aau7628.
Cheisson, Thibault, & Schelter, Eric J. Rare earth elements: Mendeleev’s bane, modern marvels. United States. doi:10.1126/science.aau7628.
Cheisson, Thibault, and Schelter, Eric J. Thu . "Rare earth elements: Mendeleev’s bane, modern marvels". United States. doi:10.1126/science.aau7628.
@article{osti_1566721,
title = {Rare earth elements: Mendeleev’s bane, modern marvels},
author = {Cheisson, Thibault and Schelter, Eric J.},
abstractNote = {The rare earths (REs) are a family of 17 elements that exhibit pronounced chemical similarities as a group, while individually expressing distinctive and varied electronic properties. These atomistic electronic properties are extraordinarily useful and motivate the application of REs in many technologies and devices. From their discovery to the present day, a major challenge faced by chemists has been the separation of RE elements, which has evolved from tedious crystallization to highly engineered solvent extraction schemes. The increasing incorporation and dependence of REs in technology have raised concerns about their sustainability and motivated recent studies for improved separations to achieve a circular RE economy.},
doi = {10.1126/science.aau7628},
journal = {Science},
issn = {0036-8075},
number = 6426,
volume = 363,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {1}
}

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