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Title: Structural features underlying recognition and translocation of extracellular polysaccharides

Abstract

Essentially all living systems produce complex carbohydrates as an energy source, structural component, protective coat or adhesive for cell attachment. Many polysaccharides are displayed on the cell surface or are threaded through proteinaceous tunnels for degradation. Dictated by their chemical composition and mode of polymerization, the physical properties of complex carbohydrates differ substantially, from amphipathic water-insoluble polymers to highly hydrated hydrogel-forming macromolecules. Accordingly, diverse recognition and translocation mechanisms evolved to transport polysaccharides to their final destinations. This review will summarize and compare diverse polysaccharide transport mechanisms implicated in the biosynthesis and degradation of cell surface polymers in pro- and eukaryotes.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]
  1. University of Virginia, 480 Ray C. Hunt Dr., Charlottesville, VA 22903, USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Center for Lignocellulose Structure and Formation (CLSF); Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1566676
DOE Contract Number:  
SC0001090
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Interface Focus
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2042-8898
Publisher:
Royal Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
biofuels (including algae and biomass), bio-inspired, membrane, carbon sequestration, materials and chemistry by design, synthesis (self-assembly)

Citation Formats

Zimmer, Jochen. Structural features underlying recognition and translocation of extracellular polysaccharides. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1098/rsfs.2018.0060.
Zimmer, Jochen. Structural features underlying recognition and translocation of extracellular polysaccharides. United States. doi:10.1098/rsfs.2018.0060.
Zimmer, Jochen. Fri . "Structural features underlying recognition and translocation of extracellular polysaccharides". United States. doi:10.1098/rsfs.2018.0060.
@article{osti_1566676,
title = {Structural features underlying recognition and translocation of extracellular polysaccharides},
author = {Zimmer, Jochen},
abstractNote = {Essentially all living systems produce complex carbohydrates as an energy source, structural component, protective coat or adhesive for cell attachment. Many polysaccharides are displayed on the cell surface or are threaded through proteinaceous tunnels for degradation. Dictated by their chemical composition and mode of polymerization, the physical properties of complex carbohydrates differ substantially, from amphipathic water-insoluble polymers to highly hydrated hydrogel-forming macromolecules. Accordingly, diverse recognition and translocation mechanisms evolved to transport polysaccharides to their final destinations. This review will summarize and compare diverse polysaccharide transport mechanisms implicated in the biosynthesis and degradation of cell surface polymers in pro- and eukaryotes.},
doi = {10.1098/rsfs.2018.0060},
journal = {Interface Focus},
issn = {2042-8898},
number = 2,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {2}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Biosynthesis and Assembly of Capsular Polysaccharides in Escherichia coli
journal, June 2006