skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: From fundamentals to applications: a toolbox for robust and multifunctional MOF materials

Abstract

In recent years, metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) have been regarded as one of the most important classes of materials. The combination of various metal clusters and ligands, arranged in a vast array of geometries has led to an ever-expanding MOF family. Each year, new and novel MOF structures are discovered. The structural diversity present in MOFs has significantly expanded the application of these new materials. MOFs show great potential for a variety of applications, including but not limited to: gas storage and separation, catalysis, biomedicine delivery, and chemical sensing. This review intends to offer a short summary of some of the most important topics and recent development in MOFs. The scope of this review shall cover the fundamental aspects concerning the design and synthesis of MOFs and range to the practical applications regarding their stability and derivative structures. Emerging trends of MOF development will also be discussed. These trends shall include multicomponent MOFs, defect development in MOFs, and MOF composites. The ever important structure–property–application relationship for MOFs will also be investigated. Overall, this review provides insight into both existing structures and emerging aspects of MOFs.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Department of Chemistry; Texas A&M University; College Station; USA
  2. Department of Chemistry; Texas A&M University; College Station; USA; Department of Material Science and Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Center for Gas Separations Relevant to Clean Energy Technologies (CGS); Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States); Univ. of California, Oakland, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); USDOE Office of Fossil Energy (FE)
OSTI Identifier:
1566635
DOE Contract Number:  
FE0026472; SC0001015
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Chemical Society Reviews
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 47; Journal Issue: 23; Journal ID: ISSN 0306-0012
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
membrane, carbon capture, materials and chemistry by design, synthesis (novel materials), synthesis (self-assembly), synthesis (scalable processing)

Citation Formats

Kirchon, Angelo, Feng, Liang, Drake, Hannah F., Joseph, Elizabeth A., and Zhou, Hong-Cai. From fundamentals to applications: a toolbox for robust and multifunctional MOF materials. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1039/c8cs00688a.
Kirchon, Angelo, Feng, Liang, Drake, Hannah F., Joseph, Elizabeth A., & Zhou, Hong-Cai. From fundamentals to applications: a toolbox for robust and multifunctional MOF materials. United States. doi:10.1039/c8cs00688a.
Kirchon, Angelo, Feng, Liang, Drake, Hannah F., Joseph, Elizabeth A., and Zhou, Hong-Cai. Mon . "From fundamentals to applications: a toolbox for robust and multifunctional MOF materials". United States. doi:10.1039/c8cs00688a.
@article{osti_1566635,
title = {From fundamentals to applications: a toolbox for robust and multifunctional MOF materials},
author = {Kirchon, Angelo and Feng, Liang and Drake, Hannah F. and Joseph, Elizabeth A. and Zhou, Hong-Cai},
abstractNote = {In recent years, metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) have been regarded as one of the most important classes of materials. The combination of various metal clusters and ligands, arranged in a vast array of geometries has led to an ever-expanding MOF family. Each year, new and novel MOF structures are discovered. The structural diversity present in MOFs has significantly expanded the application of these new materials. MOFs show great potential for a variety of applications, including but not limited to: gas storage and separation, catalysis, biomedicine delivery, and chemical sensing. This review intends to offer a short summary of some of the most important topics and recent development in MOFs. The scope of this review shall cover the fundamental aspects concerning the design and synthesis of MOFs and range to the practical applications regarding their stability and derivative structures. Emerging trends of MOF development will also be discussed. These trends shall include multicomponent MOFs, defect development in MOFs, and MOF composites. The ever important structure–property–application relationship for MOFs will also be investigated. Overall, this review provides insight into both existing structures and emerging aspects of MOFs.},
doi = {10.1039/c8cs00688a},
journal = {Chemical Society Reviews},
issn = {0306-0012},
number = 23,
volume = 47,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Selective binding and removal of guests in a microporous metal–organic framework
journal, December 1995

  • Yaghi, O. M.; Li, Guangming; Li, Hailian
  • Nature, Vol. 378, Issue 6558, p. 703-706
  • DOI: 10.1038/378703a0

Establishing Microporosity in Open Metal−Organic Frameworks:  Gas Sorption Isotherms for Zn(BDC) (BDC = 1,4-Benzenedicarboxylate)
journal, August 1998

  • Li, Hailian; Eddaoudi, Mohamed; Groy, Thomas L.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 120, Issue 33, p. 8571-8572
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja981669x

The CdSO4, rutile, cooperite and quartz dual nets: interpenetration and catenation
journal, January 2003


Systematic Design of Pore Size and Functionality in Isoreticular MOFs and Their Application in Methane Storage
journal, January 2002

  • Eddaoudi, Mohamed; Kim, Jaheon; Rosi, Nathaniel
  • Science, Vol. 295, Issue 5554, p. 469-472
  • DOI: 10.1126/science.1067208

Isoreticular Expansion of Metal–Organic Frameworks with Triangular and Square Building Units and the Lowest Calculated Density for Porous Crystals
journal, September 2011

  • Furukawa, Hiroyasu; Go, Yong Bok; Ko, Nakeun
  • Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 50, Issue 18, p. 9147-9152
  • DOI: 10.1021/ic201376t

Reticular synthesis and the design of new materials
journal, June 2003

  • Yaghi, Omar M.; O'Keeffe, Michael; Ockwig, Nathan W.
  • Nature, Vol. 423, Issue 6941, p. 705-714
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature01650

Carbon Dioxide Capture in Metal–Organic Frameworks
journal, September 2011

  • Sumida, Kenji; Rogow, David L.; Mason, Jarad A.
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 112, Issue 2, p. 724-781
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr2003272

Metal–organic framework materials as catalysts
journal, January 2009

  • Lee, JeongYong; Farha, Omar K.; Roberts, John
  • Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 38, Issue 5, p. 1450-1459
  • DOI: 10.1039/b807080f

Homochiral Metal–Organic Frameworks for Asymmetric Heterogeneous Catalysis
journal, September 2011

  • Yoon, Minyoung; Srirambalaji, Renganathan; Kim, Kimoon
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 112, Issue 2, p. 1196-1231
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr2003147

Nanoscale Metal–Organic Frameworks for Biomedical Imaging and Drug Delivery
journal, October 2011

  • Della Rocca, Joseph; Liu, Demin; Lin, Wenbin
  • Accounts of Chemical Research, Vol. 44, Issue 10, p. 957-968
  • DOI: 10.1021/ar200028a

Metal–Organic Frameworks in Biomedicine
journal, September 2011

  • Horcajada, Patricia; Gref, Ruxandra; Baati, Tarek
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 112, Issue 2, p. 1232-1268
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr200256v

BioMOFs: Metal-Organic Frameworks for Biological and Medical Applications
journal, July 2010

  • McKinlay, Alistair C.; Morris, Russell E.; Horcajada, Patricia
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 49, Issue 36, p. 6260-6266
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201000048

Hydrogen Storage in Microporous Metal-Organic Frameworks with Exposed Metal Sites
journal, August 2008

  • Dincă, Mircea; Long, Jeffrey R.
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 47, Issue 36, p. 6766-6779
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.200801163

A Chemically Functionalizable Nanoporous Material [Cu3(TMA)2(H2O)3]n
journal, February 1999


Highly-Selective and Reversible O2 Binding in Cr3(1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylate)2
journal, June 2010

  • Murray, Leslie J.; Dinca, Mircea; Yano, Junko
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 132, Issue 23, p. 7856-7857
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja1027925

A new isoreticular class of metal-organic-frameworks with the MIL-88 topology
journal, January 2006

  • Surblé, Suzy; Serre, Christian; Mellot-Draznieks, Caroline
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 0, Issue 3, p. 284-286
  • DOI: 10.1039/B512169H

Deconstructing the Crystal Structures of Metal–Organic Frameworks and Related Materials into Their Underlying Nets
journal, September 2011

  • O’Keeffe, Michael; Yaghi, Omar M.
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 112, Issue 2, p. 675-702
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr200205j

Taxonomy of periodic nets and the design of materials
journal, January 2007

  • Delgado-Friedrichs, Olaf; O’Keeffe, Michael; Yaghi, Omar M.
  • Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., Vol. 9, Issue 9, p. 1035-1043
  • DOI: 10.1039/B615006C

“Clickable” Metal−Organic Framework
journal, November 2008

  • Goto, Yuta; Sato, Hiroki; Shinkai, Seiji
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 130, Issue 44, p. 14354-14355
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja7114053

Selective Bifunctional Modification of a Non-catenated Metal−Organic Framework Material via “Click” Chemistry
journal, September 2009

  • Gadzikwa, Tendai; Farha, Omar K.; Malliakas, Christos D.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 131, Issue 38, p. 13613-13615
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja904189d

Postsynthetic Methods for the Functionalization of Metal–Organic Frameworks
journal, September 2011

  • Cohen, Seth M.
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 112, Issue 2, p. 970-1000
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr200179u

Variable Pore Size, Variable Chemical Functionality, and an Example of Reactivity within Porous Phenylacetylene Silver Salts
journal, September 1999

  • Kiang, Y.-H.; Gardner, Geoffrey B.; Lee, Stephen
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 121, Issue 36, p. 8204-8215
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja991100b

Post-Synthetic Modification of Tagged Metal-Organic Frameworks
journal, October 2008

  • Burrows, Andrew D.; Frost, Christopher G.; Mahon, Mary F.
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 47, Issue 44, p. 8482-8486
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.200802908

A homochiral metal–organic porous material for enantioselective separation and catalysis
journal, April 2000

  • Seo, Jung Soo; Whang, Dongmok; Lee, Hyoyoung
  • Nature, Vol. 404, Issue 6781, p. 982-986
  • DOI: 10.1038/35010088

Postsynthetic Covalent Modification of a Neutral Metal−Organic Framework
journal, October 2007

  • Wang, Zhenqiang; Cohen, Seth M.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 129, Issue 41, p. 12368-12369
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja074366o

Synthesis, Structure, and Metalation of Two New Highly Porous Zirconium Metal–Organic Frameworks
journal, June 2012

  • Morris, William; Volosskiy, Boris; Demir, Selcuk
  • Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 51, Issue 12, p. 6443-6445
  • DOI: 10.1021/ic300825s

Stepwise Synthesis of Metal–Organic Frameworks Replacement of Structural Organic Linkers
journal, July 2011

  • Burnett, Brandon J.; Barron, Paul M.; Hu, Chunhua
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 133, Issue 26, p. 9984-9987
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja201911v

Postsynthetic ligand exchange as a route to functionalization of ‘inert’ metal–organic frameworks
journal, January 2012

  • Kim, Min; Cahill, John F.; Su, Yongxuan
  • Chem. Sci., Vol. 3, Issue 1, p. 126-130
  • DOI: 10.1039/C1SC00394A

Post-Synthesis Alkoxide Formation Within Metal−Organic Framework Materials: A Strategy for Incorporating Highly Coordinatively Unsaturated Metal Ions
journal, March 2009

  • Mulfort, Karen L.; Farha, Omar K.; Stern, Charlotte L.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 131, Issue 11, p. 3866-3868
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja809954r

Stepwise Ligand Exchange for the Preparation of a Family of Mesoporous MOFs
journal, May 2013

  • Li, Tao; Kozlowski, Mark T.; Doud, Evan A.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 135, Issue 32, p. 11688-11691
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja403810k

Design and synthesis of an exceptionally stable and highly porous metal-organic framework
journal, November 1999

  • Li, Hailian; Eddaoudi, Mohamed; M., O'Keeffe
  • Nature, Vol. 402, Issue 6759, p. 276-279
  • DOI: 10.1038/46248

A New Zirconium Inorganic Building Brick Forming Metal Organic Frameworks with Exceptional Stability
journal, October 2008

  • Cavka, Jasmina Hafizovic; Jakobsen, Søren; Olsbye, Unni
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 130, Issue 42, p. 13850-13851
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja8057953

A Chromium Terephthalate-Based Solid with Unusually Large Pore Volumes and Surface Area
journal, September 2005

  • Ferey, G.; Mellot-Draznieks, C.; Serre, C.
  • Science, Vol. 309, Issue 5743, p. 2040-2042
  • DOI: 10.1126/science.1116275

Colossal cages in zeolitic imidazolate frameworks as selective carbon dioxide reservoirs
journal, May 2008

  • Wang, Bo; Côté, Adrien P.; Furukawa, Hiroyasu
  • Nature, Vol. 453, Issue 7192, p. 207-211
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature06900

Zeolitic imidazolate framework materials: recent progress in synthesis and applications
journal, January 2014

  • Chen, Binling; Yang, Zhuxian; Zhu, Yanqiu
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 2, Issue 40, p. 16811-16831
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4TA02984D

Multiple Functional Groups of Varying Ratios in Metal-Organic Frameworks
journal, February 2010


Synthesis and Characterization of Metal–Organic Framework-74 Containing 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 Different Metals
journal, May 2014

  • Wang, Lisa J.; Deng, Hexiang; Furukawa, Hiroyasu
  • Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 53, Issue 12, p. 5881-5883
  • DOI: 10.1021/ic500434a

Introduction to Metal–Organic Frameworks
journal, September 2011

  • Zhou, Hong-Cai; Long, Jeffrey R.; Yaghi, Omar M.
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 112, Issue 2, p. 673-674
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr300014x

Metal–Organic Frameworks for Separations
journal, September 2011

  • Li, Jian-Rong; Sculley, Julian; Zhou, Hong-Cai
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 112, Issue 2, p. 869-932
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr200190s

Disclosing the Complex Structure of UiO-66 Metal Organic Framework: A Synergic Combination of Experiment and Theory
journal, April 2011

  • Valenzano, Loredana; Civalleri, Bartolomeo; Chavan, Sachin
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 23, Issue 7, p. 1700-1718
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm1022882

Review and Analysis of Molecular Simulations of Methane, Hydrogen, and Acetylene Storage in Metal–Organic Frameworks
journal, September 2011

  • Getman, Rachel B.; Bae, Youn-Sang; Wilmer, Christopher E.
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 112, Issue 2, p. 703-723
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr200217c

Metal–Organic Framework Materials as Chemical Sensors
journal, September 2011

  • Kreno, Lauren E.; Leong, Kirsty; Farha, Omar K.
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 112, Issue 2, p. 1105-1125
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr200324t

Imparting functionality to a metal–organic framework material by controlled nanoparticle encapsulation
journal, February 2012

  • Lu, Guang; Li, Shaozhou; Guo, Zhen
  • Nature Chemistry, Vol. 4, Issue 4, p. 310-316
  • DOI: 10.1038/nchem.1272

Metals@MOFs - Loading MOFs with Metal Nanoparticles for Hybrid Functions
journal, July 2010

  • Meilikhov, Mikhail; Yusenko, Kirill; Esken, Daniel
  • European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 2010, Issue 24, p. 3701-3714
  • DOI: 10.1002/ejic.201000473