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Title: MXene-Conducting Polymer Asymmetric Pseudocapacitors

Abstract

Conducting polymers (CPs) are attractive pseudocapacitive materials which show the highest capacitance under positive potentials in aqueous protic electrolytes. One way to expand their voltage window (thus energy density) in aqueous electrolytes is to manufacture asymmetric supercapacitors using distinctly different anodes. However, CPs lack matching pseudocapacitive anode materials that can perform well in protic electrolytes (e.g., sulfuric acid). 2D titanium carbide (Ti 3C 2T x), MXene, as a universal pseudocapacitive anode material for a range of CPs, such as polyaniline, polypyrrole, and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) deposited on reduced graphene oxide (rGO) sheets, is reported here. All-pseudocapacitive organic–inorganic asymmetric devices with MXene cathodes and rGO–polymer anodes can operate in voltage windows up to 1.45 V in 3 m H 2SO 4. Most importantly, these devices show outstanding cycling performance, outperforming many reported asymmetric pseudocapacitors.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. A. J. Drexel Nanomaterials Institute, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Drexel University, Philadelphia PA 19104 USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Fluid Interface Reactions, Structures and Transport Center (FIRST); UT-Battelle LLC/ORNL, Oak Ridge, TN (Unted States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1566397
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Advanced Energy Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 1614-6832
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
catalysis (heterogeneous), solar (fuels), energy storage (including batteries and capacitors), hydrogen and fuel cells, electrodes - solar, mechanical behavior, charge transport, materials and chemistry by design, synthesis (novel materials)

Citation Formats

Boota, Muhammad, and Gogotsi, Yury. MXene-Conducting Polymer Asymmetric Pseudocapacitors. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/aenm.201802917.
Boota, Muhammad, & Gogotsi, Yury. MXene-Conducting Polymer Asymmetric Pseudocapacitors. United States. doi:10.1002/aenm.201802917.
Boota, Muhammad, and Gogotsi, Yury. Thu . "MXene-Conducting Polymer Asymmetric Pseudocapacitors". United States. doi:10.1002/aenm.201802917.
@article{osti_1566397,
title = {MXene-Conducting Polymer Asymmetric Pseudocapacitors},
author = {Boota, Muhammad and Gogotsi, Yury},
abstractNote = {Conducting polymers (CPs) are attractive pseudocapacitive materials which show the highest capacitance under positive potentials in aqueous protic electrolytes. One way to expand their voltage window (thus energy density) in aqueous electrolytes is to manufacture asymmetric supercapacitors using distinctly different anodes. However, CPs lack matching pseudocapacitive anode materials that can perform well in protic electrolytes (e.g., sulfuric acid). 2D titanium carbide (Ti3C2Tx), MXene, as a universal pseudocapacitive anode material for a range of CPs, such as polyaniline, polypyrrole, and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) deposited on reduced graphene oxide (rGO) sheets, is reported here. All-pseudocapacitive organic–inorganic asymmetric devices with MXene cathodes and rGO–polymer anodes can operate in voltage windows up to 1.45 V in 3 m H2SO4. Most importantly, these devices show outstanding cycling performance, outperforming many reported asymmetric pseudocapacitors.},
doi = {10.1002/aenm.201802917},
journal = {Advanced Energy Materials},
issn = {1614-6832},
number = 7,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {12}
}

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