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Title: Fuel-ion diffusion in shock-driven inertial confinement fusion implosions

Abstract

The impact of fuel-ion diffusion in inertial confinement fusion implosions is assessed using nuclear reaction yield ratios and reaction histories. In T 3He-gas-filled (with trace D) shock-driven implosions, the observed TT/T 3He yield ratio is ~2× lower than expected from temperature scaling. In D 3He-gas-filled (with trace T) shock-driven implosions, the timing of the D 3He reaction history is ~50 ps earlier than those of the DT reaction histories, and average-ion hydrodynamic simulations cannot reconcile this timing difference. Both experimental observations are consistent with reduced T ions in the burn region as predicted by multi-ion diffusion theory and particle-in-cell simulations.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States). Plasma Science and Fusion Center
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  3. Università degli Studi di Roma, Roma (Italy). Dipartimento SBAI
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
OSTI Identifier:
1566115
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1544597
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-19-24138
Journal ID: ISSN 2468-080X
Grant/Contract Number:  
89233218CNA000001; NA0001857; NA0002035; NA0002905; NA0002949
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Matter and Radiation at Extremes (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2468-080X
Publisher:
Science and Technology Information Center, China Academy of Engineering Physics; Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Sio, Hong, Li, Chikang, Parker, Cody E., Lahmann, Brandon, Le, Ari, Atzeni, Stefano, and Petrasso, Richard D. Fuel-ion diffusion in shock-driven inertial confinement fusion implosions. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5090783.
Sio, Hong, Li, Chikang, Parker, Cody E., Lahmann, Brandon, Le, Ari, Atzeni, Stefano, & Petrasso, Richard D. Fuel-ion diffusion in shock-driven inertial confinement fusion implosions. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5090783.
Sio, Hong, Li, Chikang, Parker, Cody E., Lahmann, Brandon, Le, Ari, Atzeni, Stefano, and Petrasso, Richard D. Sun . "Fuel-ion diffusion in shock-driven inertial confinement fusion implosions". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5090783. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1566115.
@article{osti_1566115,
title = {Fuel-ion diffusion in shock-driven inertial confinement fusion implosions},
author = {Sio, Hong and Li, Chikang and Parker, Cody E. and Lahmann, Brandon and Le, Ari and Atzeni, Stefano and Petrasso, Richard D.},
abstractNote = {The impact of fuel-ion diffusion in inertial confinement fusion implosions is assessed using nuclear reaction yield ratios and reaction histories. In T3He-gas-filled (with trace D) shock-driven implosions, the observed TT/T3He yield ratio is ~2× lower than expected from temperature scaling. In D3He-gas-filled (with trace T) shock-driven implosions, the timing of the D3He reaction history is ~50 ps earlier than those of the DT reaction histories, and average-ion hydrodynamic simulations cannot reconcile this timing difference. Both experimental observations are consistent with reduced T ions in the burn region as predicted by multi-ion diffusion theory and particle-in-cell simulations.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5090783},
journal = {Matter and Radiation at Extremes (Online)},
issn = {2468-080X},
number = 5,
volume = 4,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1 FIG. 1: D3He (red) and DT (black) reaction histories measured on the PXTD in D3He-gas-filled (with trace T) implosions.

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Works referenced in this record:

Species separation in inertial confinement fusion fuels
journal, January 2013

  • Bellei, C.; Amendt, P. A.; Wilks, S. C.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 20, Issue 1
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Neutron temporal diagnostic for high-yield deuterium–tritium cryogenic implosions on OMEGA
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Monoenergetic-Proton-Radiography Measurements of Implosion Dynamics in Direct-Drive Inertial-Confinement Fusion
journal, June 2008


Fluid and kinetic simulation of inertial confinement fusion plasmas
journal, July 2005


Implementation of an non-iterative implicit electromagnetic field solver for dense plasma simulation
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Simulation and assessment of ion kinetic effects in a direct-drive capsule implosion experiment
journal, October 2016

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  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 23, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4965913

First Observations of Nonhydrodynamic Mix at the Fuel-Shell Interface in Shock-Driven Inertial Confinement Implosions
journal, April 2014


Exploration of the Transition from the Hydrodynamiclike to the Strongly Kinetic Regime in Shock-Driven Implosions
journal, May 2014


Spectrometry of charged particles from inertial-confinement-fusion plasmas
journal, February 2003

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Advances in compact proton spectrometers for inertial-confinement fusion and plasma nuclear science
journal, October 2012

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  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 83, Issue 10
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Approximate models for the ion-kinetic regime in inertial-confinement-fusion capsule implosions
journal, May 2015

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Electro-diffusion in a plasma with two ion species
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Implementation of an non-iterative implicit electromagnetic field solver for dense plasma simulation
    journal, December 2004

    • Welch, D. R.; Rose, D. V.; Clark, R. E.
    • Computer Physics Communications, Vol. 164, Issue 1-3
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.cpc.2004.06.028

    Fluid and kinetic simulation of inertial confinement fusion plasmas
    journal, July 2005


    Spectrometry of charged particles from inertial-confinement-fusion plasmas
    journal, February 2003

    • Séguin, F. H.; Frenje, J. A.; Li, C. K.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 74, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1518141

    The physics basis for ignition using indirect-drive targets on the National Ignition Facility
    journal, February 2004

    • Lindl, John D.; Amendt, Peter; Berger, Richard L.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 11, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1578638

    Anomalous yield reduction in direct-drive deuterium/tritium implosions due to H3e addition
    journal, May 2009

    • Herrmann, H. W.; Langenbrunner, J. R.; Mack, J. M.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 16, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.3141062

    Advances in compact proton spectrometers for inertial-confinement fusion and plasma nuclear science
    journal, October 2012

    • Seguin, F. H.; Sinenian, N.; Rosenberg, M.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 83, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4732065

    Electro-diffusion in a plasma with two ion species
    journal, August 2012

    • Kagan, Grigory; Tang, Xian-Zhu
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 19, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4745869

    Species separation in inertial confinement fusion fuels
    journal, January 2013

    • Bellei, C.; Amendt, P. A.; Wilks, S. C.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 20, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4773291

    Review of the National Ignition Campaign 2009-2012
    journal, February 2014

    • Lindl, John; Landen, Otto; Edwards, John
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 21, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4865400

    A new neutron time-of-flight detector for fuel-areal-density measurements on OMEGA
    journal, November 2014

    • Glebov, V. Yu.; Forrest, C. J.; Marshall, K. L.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 85, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4886428

    Approximate models for the ion-kinetic regime in inertial-confinement-fusion capsule implosions
    journal, May 2015

    • Hoffman, Nelson M.; Zimmerman, George B.; Molvig, Kim
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 22, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4921130

    Neutron temporal diagnostic for high-yield deuterium–tritium cryogenic implosions on OMEGA
    journal, May 2016

    • Stoeckl, C.; Boni, R.; Ehrne, F.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 87, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4948293

    Simulation and assessment of ion kinetic effects in a direct-drive capsule implosion experiment
    journal, October 2016

    • Le, A.; Kwan, T. J. T.; Schmitt, M. J.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 23, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4965913

    A broadband proton backlighting platform to probe shock propagation in low-density systems
    journal, January 2017

    • Sio, H.; Hua, R.; Ping, Y.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 88, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4973893

    Exploding pusher performance − A theoretical model
    journal, January 1979

    • Rosen, M. D.; Nuckolls, J. H.
    • Physics of Fluids, Vol. 22, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.862752

    Monoenergetic-Proton-Radiography Measurements of Implosion Dynamics in Direct-Drive Inertial-Confinement Fusion
    journal, June 2008


    First Observations of Nonhydrodynamic Mix at the Fuel-Shell Interface in Shock-Driven Inertial Confinement Implosions
    journal, April 2014


    Exploration of the Transition from the Hydrodynamiclike to the Strongly Kinetic Regime in Shock-Driven Implosions
    journal, May 2014


      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.