skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Hydrogen's Expanding Role in the Energy System

Abstract

Realizing the vision of H2@Scale will require research and investment in efficient hydrogen production methods and upgraded infrastructure. Advances in hydrogen production will allow new applications, such as steelmaking, biofuels production, and fuel cell electric vehicles, to thrive. H2@Scale is a U.S. Dept. of Energy (DOE) initiative that brings together stakeholders to advance affordable hydrogen production, transport, storage, and utilization in multiple energy sectors. H2@Scale will improve the resiliency and reliability of the energy supply chain, increase the competitiveness of U.S. manufacturing, create jobs, and reduce emissions, thereby improving environmental sustainability. Hydrogen has a unique ability to transfer energy across time and economic sectors. The electric grid was designed so that the generated load varies with changes in demand. However, wind and solar power technologies can only generate electricity when each resource is available, making it more difficult to balance the grid. Because hydrogen production can be a large-scale controllable load, it can help address that challenge. Hydrogen can serve as a clean feedstock for diverse applications within the transportation, process industries, and energy sectors. This article describes hydrogen production, application, and infrastructure opportunities. The first part of the article discusses hydrogen production and describes current costs and potential costmore » reductions that could be enabled by research and development (R&D). The second section discusses key applications that take advantage of hydrogen's chemical properties and its potential as an energy carrier. The final section of the article describes the current hydrogen infrastructure and how it must grow to meet the H2@Scale vision.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Fuel Cell Technologies Office (EE-3F)
OSTI Identifier:
1566057
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-6A20-73511
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Chemical Engineering Progress
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 8
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
08 HYDROGEN; H2@Scale; hydrogen; electrolysis; steelmaking; infrastructure

Citation Formats

Ruth, Mark F, Pivovar, Bryan S, and Eichman, Joshua D. Hydrogen's Expanding Role in the Energy System. United States: N. p., 2019. Web.
Ruth, Mark F, Pivovar, Bryan S, & Eichman, Joshua D. Hydrogen's Expanding Role in the Energy System. United States.
Ruth, Mark F, Pivovar, Bryan S, and Eichman, Joshua D. Thu . "Hydrogen's Expanding Role in the Energy System". United States.
@article{osti_1566057,
title = {Hydrogen's Expanding Role in the Energy System},
author = {Ruth, Mark F and Pivovar, Bryan S and Eichman, Joshua D},
abstractNote = {Realizing the vision of H2@Scale will require research and investment in efficient hydrogen production methods and upgraded infrastructure. Advances in hydrogen production will allow new applications, such as steelmaking, biofuels production, and fuel cell electric vehicles, to thrive. H2@Scale is a U.S. Dept. of Energy (DOE) initiative that brings together stakeholders to advance affordable hydrogen production, transport, storage, and utilization in multiple energy sectors. H2@Scale will improve the resiliency and reliability of the energy supply chain, increase the competitiveness of U.S. manufacturing, create jobs, and reduce emissions, thereby improving environmental sustainability. Hydrogen has a unique ability to transfer energy across time and economic sectors. The electric grid was designed so that the generated load varies with changes in demand. However, wind and solar power technologies can only generate electricity when each resource is available, making it more difficult to balance the grid. Because hydrogen production can be a large-scale controllable load, it can help address that challenge. Hydrogen can serve as a clean feedstock for diverse applications within the transportation, process industries, and energy sectors. This article describes hydrogen production, application, and infrastructure opportunities. The first part of the article discusses hydrogen production and describes current costs and potential cost reductions that could be enabled by research and development (R&D). The second section discusses key applications that take advantage of hydrogen's chemical properties and its potential as an energy carrier. The final section of the article describes the current hydrogen infrastructure and how it must grow to meet the H2@Scale vision.},
doi = {},
journal = {Chemical Engineering Progress},
number = 8,
volume = 115,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {8}
}