skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Circulation weather types associated with extreme flood events in Northwestern Mediterranean

Abstract

The aim of this work was to identify the circulation weather types associated with flood events that occurred in Catalonia (Northeastern Spain) during the period 1900–2010. To achieve this objective, 261 extraordinary and catastrophic flood and flash flood events that were recorded during this period were characterized and classified based on impact data. A preliminary analysis of maximum precipitation and discharge was conducted in order to have some quantitative hydrometeorological indicators associated with these kinds of events. The objective classification developed by Jenkinson and Collison, which is based on differences in synoptic patterns according to surface pressure, was implemented. Once the weather regimes for each flood event had been established, a statistical and comparative analysis was performed that allowed us to determine which synoptic patterns were more frequently associated with the different flood types, their differences and their similarities. The results show that most synoptic situations were pure cyclonic structures, in both extraordinary and catastrophic events, although they were more frequent in the latter. Catastrophic floods generally had a synoptic origin enhanced by certain mesoscale factors, while extraordinary floods were usually associated with local flash floods that occurred primarily in summer and early autumn, highlighting the undetermined types that weremore » not reflected at a synoptic scale. As the Mediterranean basin is a region where floods cause serious socio-economic impacts, this work will help improve prevention measures and provide information for policymakers, mainly for land-use planning and early warning systems.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]
  1. GAMA, Department of Applied Physics, University of Barcelona, Spain; Institute Cartographic and Geological of Catalonia, Barcelona Spain
  2. GAMA, Department of Applied Physics, University of Barcelona, Spain
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1565636
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
International Journal of Climatology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 38; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 0899-8418
Publisher:
Royal Meteorological Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences

Citation Formats

Gilabert, Joan, and Llasat, María Carmen. Circulation weather types associated with extreme flood events in Northwestern Mediterranean. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/joc.5301.
Gilabert, Joan, & Llasat, María Carmen. Circulation weather types associated with extreme flood events in Northwestern Mediterranean. United States. doi:10.1002/joc.5301.
Gilabert, Joan, and Llasat, María Carmen. Fri . "Circulation weather types associated with extreme flood events in Northwestern Mediterranean". United States. doi:10.1002/joc.5301.
@article{osti_1565636,
title = {Circulation weather types associated with extreme flood events in Northwestern Mediterranean},
author = {Gilabert, Joan and Llasat, María Carmen},
abstractNote = {The aim of this work was to identify the circulation weather types associated with flood events that occurred in Catalonia (Northeastern Spain) during the period 1900–2010. To achieve this objective, 261 extraordinary and catastrophic flood and flash flood events that were recorded during this period were characterized and classified based on impact data. A preliminary analysis of maximum precipitation and discharge was conducted in order to have some quantitative hydrometeorological indicators associated with these kinds of events. The objective classification developed by Jenkinson and Collison, which is based on differences in synoptic patterns according to surface pressure, was implemented. Once the weather regimes for each flood event had been established, a statistical and comparative analysis was performed that allowed us to determine which synoptic patterns were more frequently associated with the different flood types, their differences and their similarities. The results show that most synoptic situations were pure cyclonic structures, in both extraordinary and catastrophic events, although they were more frequent in the latter. Catastrophic floods generally had a synoptic origin enhanced by certain mesoscale factors, while extraordinary floods were usually associated with local flash floods that occurred primarily in summer and early autumn, highlighting the undetermined types that were not reflected at a synoptic scale. As the Mediterranean basin is a region where floods cause serious socio-economic impacts, this work will help improve prevention measures and provide information for policymakers, mainly for land-use planning and early warning systems.},
doi = {10.1002/joc.5301},
journal = {International Journal of Climatology},
issn = {0899-8418},
number = 4,
volume = 38,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

Works referenced in this record:

The use of an index-based regression model for precipitation analysis on the Iberian peninsula
journal, August 2000


Flash flood evolution in North-Western Mediterranean
journal, November 2014


Rainfall Components: Variability and Spatial Distribution in a Mediterranean Area (Valencia Region)
journal, July 2005

  • Millán, M. M.; Estrela, M. J.; Miró, J.
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 18, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1175/JCLI3426.1

Can atmospheric circulation be linked to flooding in Europe?
journal, October 2010

  • Prudhomme, Christel; Genevier, Marie
  • Hydrological Processes, Vol. 25, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1002/hyp.7879

L'information historique des inondations : l'histoire ne donne-t-elle que des leçons ?
journal, April 2000


Evolving flood patterns in a Mediterranean region (1301–2012) and climatic factors – the case of Catalonia
journal, January 2015


Floods in Catalonia (NE Spain) since the 14th century. Climatological and meteorological aspects from historical documentary sources and old instrumental records
journal, November 2005


Flash Flood Occurrences Since the 17th Century in Steep Drainage Basins in Southern Italy
journal, September 2012

  • Petrucci, Olga; Pasqua, A. Aurora; Polemio, Maurizio
  • Environmental Management, Vol. 50, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00267-012-9935-1

The October-1987 floods in Catalonia: Synoptic and mesoscale mechanisms
journal, December 1994

  • Ramis, Clemente; Llasat, Maria C.; Genovés, Ana
  • Meteorological Applications, Vol. 1, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/met.5060010404

Mesoscale numerical analysis of the historical November 1982 heavy precipitation event over Andorra (Eastern Pyrenees)
journal, January 2013

  • Trapero, L.; Bech, J.; Duffourg, F.
  • Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 13, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.5194/nhess-13-2969-2013

HyMeX: A 10-Year Multidisciplinary Program on the Mediterranean Water Cycle
journal, July 2014

  • Drobinski, P.; Ducrocq, V.; Alpert, P.
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 95, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00242.1

High-impact floods and flash floods in Mediterranean countries: the FLASH preliminary database
journal, January 2010


An objective classification of rainfall events on the basis of their convective features: application to rainfall intensity in the northeast of spain
journal, January 2001

  • Llasat, Mar�a-Carmen
  • International Journal of Climatology, Vol. 21, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1002/joc.692

Analysis of mesoscale convective systems in Catalonia using meteorological radar for the period 1996–2000
journal, February 2007


Weather types and spatial variability of precipitation in the Iberian Peninsula: WEATHER TYPES AND PRECIPITATION
journal, November 2013

  • Cortesi, Nicola; Gonzalez-Hidalgo, José Carlos; Trigo, Ricardo M.
  • International Journal of Climatology, Vol. 34, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1002/joc.3866

A Non-Parametric Approach to the Change-Point Problem
journal, January 1979


A methodology to classify extreme rainfall events in the western mediterranean area
journal, April 2004

  • Casas, M. C.; Codina, B.; Reda�o, A.
  • Theoretical and Applied Climatology, Vol. 77, Issue 3-4
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00704-003-0003-x

Reconstructing multi-decadal variations in fluvial flood risk using atmospheric circulation patterns
journal, April 2013


Developments and prospects in synoptic climatology
journal, December 2001

  • Yarnal, Brent; Comrie, Andrew C.; Frakes, Brent
  • International Journal of Climatology, Vol. 21, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1002/joc.675

Links between circulation and changes in the characteristics of Iberian rainfall
journal, January 2002

  • Goodess, C. M.; Jones, P. D.
  • International Journal of Climatology, Vol. 22, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1002/joc.810

Links between circulation weather types and teleconnection patterns and their influence on precipitation patterns in Galicia (NW Spain)
journal, September 2008

  • Lorenzo, M. N.; Taboada, J. J.; Gimeno, L.
  • International Journal of Climatology, Vol. 28, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1002/joc.1646

A flood geodatabase and its climatological applications: the case of Catalonia for the last century
journal, January 2007


A comparison of Lamb circulation types with an objective classification scheme
journal, September 1993

  • Jones, P. D.; Hulme, M.; Briffa, K. R.
  • International Journal of Climatology, Vol. 13, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/joc.3370130606

Trends in flash flood events versus convective precipitation in the Mediterranean region: The case of Catalonia
journal, October 2016


The Twentieth Century Reanalysis Project
journal, January 2011

  • Compo, G. P.; Whitaker, J. S.; Sardeshmukh, P. D.
  • Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Vol. 137, Issue 654
  • DOI: 10.1002/qj.776

Heavy rain events in the Western Mediterranean: an atmospheric pattern classification
journal, January 2008

  • Martínez, C.; Campins, J.; Jansà, A.
  • Advances in Science and Research, Vol. 2, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.5194/asr-2-61-2008

Extra-tropical cyclones in the present and future climate: a review
journal, January 2009

  • Ulbrich, U.; Leckebusch, G. C.; Pinto, J. G.
  • Theoretical and Applied Climatology, Vol. 96, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00704-008-0083-8

Historical floods in the Dutch Rhine Delta
journal, January 2003


A press database on natural risks and its application in the study of floods in Northeastern Spain
journal, January 2009

  • Llasat, M. C.; Llasat-Botija, M.; López, L.
  • Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 9, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.5194/nhess-9-2049-2009

Time variability of cyclonic geostrophic circulation in the Mediterranean
journal, January 2006


Design flood hydrographs from the relationship between flood peak and volume
journal, January 2010

  • Mediero, L.; Jiménez-Álvarez, A.; Garrote, L.
  • Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 14, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.5194/hess-14-2495-2010

Towards a database on societal impact of Mediterranean floods within the framework of the HYMEX project
journal, January 2013

  • Llasat, M. C.; Llasat-Botija, M.; Petrucci, O.
  • Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 13, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.5194/nhess-13-1337-2013

Identification of anomalous motion of thunderstorms using daily rainfall fields
journal, March 2017


Circulation weather types and their influence on the precipitation regime in Portugal
journal, January 2000


Total rainfall and convective rainfall in Catalonia, Spain
journal, December 1997


Diagnosis and numerical simulation of a torrential precipitation event in Catalonia (Spain)
journal, January 1998

  • Ramis, C.; Romero, R.; Homar, V.
  • Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, Vol. 69, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF01025180

Analysis and hindcast simulations of an extreme rainfall event in the Mediterranean area: The Genoa 2011 case
journal, March 2014


Links between flood events in central Europe since AD 1500 and large-scale atmospheric circulation modes: LINKS BETWEEN FLOOD EVENTS AND CIRCULATION MODES
journal, February 2003

  • Jacobeit, J.; Glaser, R.; Luterbacher, J.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 30, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1029/2002GL016433

Classifications of Atmospheric Circulation Patterns
journal, December 2008

  • Huth, Radan; Beck, Christoph; Philipp, Andreas
  • Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 1146, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1196/annals.1446.019

Stationarity analysis of historical flood series in France and Spain (14th–20th centuries)
journal, January 2003

  • Barriendos, M.; Coeur, D.; Lang, M.
  • Natural Hazards and Earth System Science, Vol. 3, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.5194/nhess-3-583-2003

MEDEX: a general overview
journal, January 2014