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Title: Regional and global sea-surface temperatures during the last interglaciation

Abstract

The last interglaciation (LIG, 129 to 116 thousand years ago) was the most recent time in Earth’s history when global mean sea level was substantially higher than it is at present. However, reconstructions of LIG global temperature remain uncertain, with estimates ranging from no significant difference to nearly 2°C warmer than present-day temperatures. Here we use a network of sea-surface temperature (SST) records to reconstruct spatiotemporal variability in regional and global SSTs during the LIG. Our results indicate that peak LIG global mean annual SSTs were 0.5 ± 0.3°C warmer than the climatological mean from 1870 to 1889 and indistinguishable from the 1995 to 2014 mean. LIG warming in the extratropical latitudes occurred in response to boreal insolation and the bipolar seesaw, whereas tropical SSTs were slightly cooler than the 1870 to 1889 mean in response to reduced mean annual insolation.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (United States). College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences
  2. Univ. College Dublin (Ireland). School of Mathematics and Statistics
  3. Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (United States). College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences; Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States). Center for Climatic Research, Nelson Inst. for Environmental Studies
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF); UT-Battelle LLC/ORNL, Oak Ridge, TN (Unted States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1565619
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 355; Journal Issue: 6322; Journal ID: ISSN 0036-8075
Publisher:
AAAS
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Science & Technology - Other Topics

Citation Formats

Hoffman, Jeremy S., Clark, Peter U., Parnell, Andrew C., and He, Feng. Regional and global sea-surface temperatures during the last interglaciation. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1126/science.aai8464.
Hoffman, Jeremy S., Clark, Peter U., Parnell, Andrew C., & He, Feng. Regional and global sea-surface temperatures during the last interglaciation. United States. doi:10.1126/science.aai8464.
Hoffman, Jeremy S., Clark, Peter U., Parnell, Andrew C., and He, Feng. Thu . "Regional and global sea-surface temperatures during the last interglaciation". United States. doi:10.1126/science.aai8464.
@article{osti_1565619,
title = {Regional and global sea-surface temperatures during the last interglaciation},
author = {Hoffman, Jeremy S. and Clark, Peter U. and Parnell, Andrew C. and He, Feng},
abstractNote = {The last interglaciation (LIG, 129 to 116 thousand years ago) was the most recent time in Earth’s history when global mean sea level was substantially higher than it is at present. However, reconstructions of LIG global temperature remain uncertain, with estimates ranging from no significant difference to nearly 2°C warmer than present-day temperatures. Here we use a network of sea-surface temperature (SST) records to reconstruct spatiotemporal variability in regional and global SSTs during the LIG. Our results indicate that peak LIG global mean annual SSTs were 0.5 ± 0.3°C warmer than the climatological mean from 1870 to 1889 and indistinguishable from the 1995 to 2014 mean. LIG warming in the extratropical latitudes occurred in response to boreal insolation and the bipolar seesaw, whereas tropical SSTs were slightly cooler than the 1870 to 1889 mean in response to reduced mean annual insolation.},
doi = {10.1126/science.aai8464},
journal = {Science},
issn = {0036-8075},
number = 6322,
volume = 355,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {1}
}

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