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Title: The extraordinary windstorm of 7 December 1868 in the Czech Lands and its central European context

Abstract

An extreme windstorm that took place on 7 December 1868 in the Czech Lands is analysed by means of rich documentary evidence from narrative sources, damage records, forestry journals and newspapers. Early meteorological measurements and a numerical atmospheric reanalysis support the documentary reconstruction. The windstorm reached hurricane-force over the Czech Lands between 0900 and 1600 of local mean time and was related to the passage of a cold front. The high winds, achieving hurricane-force, led to loss of human lives and many other casualties, as well as to severe damage to buildings and other structures. In particular, the documentary sources facilitate a quantitative reconstruction of the massive windthrow that occurred in forested areas across the Czech Lands, where the windstorm damaged at least 8 million m 3 of timber, which is arguably more than has been lost to any single similar event since. Reasons for the extreme windthrow, apart from wind forces and destabilization arising from wet and thawed soils, were found in increased vulnerability arising out of old, dense and mono-species conifer stands and inadequate clear-cutting and thinning measures. For the Czech Lands, this event was the most damaging windstorm in the 19th century. Moreover, damage reports are foundmore » from the British Isles, the Netherlands, Belgium and Germany to Austria, the Czech Lands and Poland, documenting its disastrous effects on a (sub-)continental scale.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [2];  [1];  [7]
  1. Institute of Geography, Masaryk University, Brno Czech Republic; Global Change Research Institute, Czech Academy of Sciences, Brno Czech Republic
  2. Institute of Botany, Czech Academy of Sciences, Brno Czech Republic
  3. Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research, Bern Switzerland; Institute of Geography, University of Bern, Switzerland
  4. Regional Museum, Litoměřice Czech Republic
  5. Institute of Geography, Masaryk University, Brno Czech Republic
  6. Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics, Comenius University, Bratislava Slovakia
  7. Global Change Research Institute, Czech Academy of Sciences, Brno Czech Republic
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1565539
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
International Journal of Climatology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 37; Journal Issue: supplement S1; Journal ID: ISSN 0899-8418
Publisher:
Royal Meteorological Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences

Citation Formats

Brázdil, Rudolf, Szabó, Péter, Stucki, Peter, Dobrovolný, Petr, Řezníčková, Ladislava, Kotyza, Oldřich, Valášek, Hubert, Melo, Marián, Suchánková, Silvie, Dolák, Lukáš, and Chromá, Kateřina. The extraordinary windstorm of 7 December 1868 in the Czech Lands and its central European context. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/joc.4973.
Brázdil, Rudolf, Szabó, Péter, Stucki, Peter, Dobrovolný, Petr, Řezníčková, Ladislava, Kotyza, Oldřich, Valášek, Hubert, Melo, Marián, Suchánková, Silvie, Dolák, Lukáš, & Chromá, Kateřina. The extraordinary windstorm of 7 December 1868 in the Czech Lands and its central European context. United States. doi:10.1002/joc.4973.
Brázdil, Rudolf, Szabó, Péter, Stucki, Peter, Dobrovolný, Petr, Řezníčková, Ladislava, Kotyza, Oldřich, Valášek, Hubert, Melo, Marián, Suchánková, Silvie, Dolák, Lukáš, and Chromá, Kateřina. Wed . "The extraordinary windstorm of 7 December 1868 in the Czech Lands and its central European context". United States. doi:10.1002/joc.4973.
@article{osti_1565539,
title = {The extraordinary windstorm of 7 December 1868 in the Czech Lands and its central European context},
author = {Brázdil, Rudolf and Szabó, Péter and Stucki, Peter and Dobrovolný, Petr and Řezníčková, Ladislava and Kotyza, Oldřich and Valášek, Hubert and Melo, Marián and Suchánková, Silvie and Dolák, Lukáš and Chromá, Kateřina},
abstractNote = {An extreme windstorm that took place on 7 December 1868 in the Czech Lands is analysed by means of rich documentary evidence from narrative sources, damage records, forestry journals and newspapers. Early meteorological measurements and a numerical atmospheric reanalysis support the documentary reconstruction. The windstorm reached hurricane-force over the Czech Lands between 0900 and 1600 of local mean time and was related to the passage of a cold front. The high winds, achieving hurricane-force, led to loss of human lives and many other casualties, as well as to severe damage to buildings and other structures. In particular, the documentary sources facilitate a quantitative reconstruction of the massive windthrow that occurred in forested areas across the Czech Lands, where the windstorm damaged at least 8 million m3 of timber, which is arguably more than has been lost to any single similar event since. Reasons for the extreme windthrow, apart from wind forces and destabilization arising from wet and thawed soils, were found in increased vulnerability arising out of old, dense and mono-species conifer stands and inadequate clear-cutting and thinning measures. For the Czech Lands, this event was the most damaging windstorm in the 19th century. Moreover, damage reports are found from the British Isles, the Netherlands, Belgium and Germany to Austria, the Czech Lands and Poland, documenting its disastrous effects on a (sub-)continental scale.},
doi = {10.1002/joc.4973},
journal = {International Journal of Climatology},
issn = {0899-8418},
number = supplement S1,
volume = 37,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {1}
}

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