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Title: Investigating Laser Preheat and Applied Magnetic Fields Relevant to the MagLIF Fusion Scheme.

Abstract

The MAGnetized Liner Inertial Fusion (MagLIF) scheme has achieved thermonuclear fusion yields on the Z Facility by imploding a cylindrical liner filled with D 2 fuel that is preheated with a multi-kJ laser and pre-magnetized with an axial Bz=10 T magnetic field. Preheating (T e = 100- 200 eV) and pre-magnetizing (10-30 T) the fuel serves to reduce the implosion velocity required to achieve multi-keV fusion-relevant temperatures at stagnation with a modest radial convergence. The challenge of fuel preheat in MagLIF is to deposit multiple-kJ of energy into the underdense (n e /n c %3C0.1) fuel over %7E10 mm target length efficiently and without introducing contaminants. Once the fuel is heated the applied axial magnetic field (o ce t e %7E 10) needs to suppress electron thermal conduction sufficiently to prevent unacceptable heat losses to the liner walls. In this LDRD we investigated laser energy deposition at two facilities: The OMEGA-EP laser at the Laboratory for Laser Energetics and the Z-beamlet laser at Sandia National Labs utilizing the PECOS chamber. Multiple experiments were carried out investigating laser transmission through LEH foils, laser heating of underdense gasses and the effects of magnetization on laser preheat. The studies find that magneto-hydrodynamic simulationsmore » are able to reproduce energy deposition at MagLIF-like conditions but that at the intensities currently used to preheat MagLIF significant laser plasma instabilities (LPI) occur which partly explain the inability of codes to reproduce previous MagLIF preheat studies. The experiments find that reducing the intensity and smoothing the beam dramatically reduces the amount of stimulated Brillouin backscatter and produces deposition profiles more similar to those produced in simulations. The experiments have provided a large and varied dataset that can be compared to simulations. As part of the LDRD new experimental capabilities have also been developed that will be used to design future MagLIF integrated experiments and investigate fuel magnetization.« less

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1562839
Report Number(s):
SAND2016-9998
648076
DOE Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Harvey-Thompson, Adam James, Geissel, Matthias, Sefkow, Adam B, and Nagayama, Taisuke. Investigating Laser Preheat and Applied Magnetic Fields Relevant to the MagLIF Fusion Scheme.. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.2172/1562839.
Harvey-Thompson, Adam James, Geissel, Matthias, Sefkow, Adam B, & Nagayama, Taisuke. Investigating Laser Preheat and Applied Magnetic Fields Relevant to the MagLIF Fusion Scheme.. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1562839
Harvey-Thompson, Adam James, Geissel, Matthias, Sefkow, Adam B, and Nagayama, Taisuke. Sat . "Investigating Laser Preheat and Applied Magnetic Fields Relevant to the MagLIF Fusion Scheme.". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1562839. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1562839.
@article{osti_1562839,
title = {Investigating Laser Preheat and Applied Magnetic Fields Relevant to the MagLIF Fusion Scheme.},
author = {Harvey-Thompson, Adam James and Geissel, Matthias and Sefkow, Adam B and Nagayama, Taisuke},
abstractNote = {The MAGnetized Liner Inertial Fusion (MagLIF) scheme has achieved thermonuclear fusion yields on the Z Facility by imploding a cylindrical liner filled with D 2 fuel that is preheated with a multi-kJ laser and pre-magnetized with an axial Bz=10 T magnetic field. Preheating (T e = 100- 200 eV) and pre-magnetizing (10-30 T) the fuel serves to reduce the implosion velocity required to achieve multi-keV fusion-relevant temperatures at stagnation with a modest radial convergence. The challenge of fuel preheat in MagLIF is to deposit multiple-kJ of energy into the underdense (n e /n c %3C0.1) fuel over %7E10 mm target length efficiently and without introducing contaminants. Once the fuel is heated the applied axial magnetic field (o ce t e %7E 10) needs to suppress electron thermal conduction sufficiently to prevent unacceptable heat losses to the liner walls. In this LDRD we investigated laser energy deposition at two facilities: The OMEGA-EP laser at the Laboratory for Laser Energetics and the Z-beamlet laser at Sandia National Labs utilizing the PECOS chamber. Multiple experiments were carried out investigating laser transmission through LEH foils, laser heating of underdense gasses and the effects of magnetization on laser preheat. The studies find that magneto-hydrodynamic simulations are able to reproduce energy deposition at MagLIF-like conditions but that at the intensities currently used to preheat MagLIF significant laser plasma instabilities (LPI) occur which partly explain the inability of codes to reproduce previous MagLIF preheat studies. The experiments find that reducing the intensity and smoothing the beam dramatically reduces the amount of stimulated Brillouin backscatter and produces deposition profiles more similar to those produced in simulations. The experiments have provided a large and varied dataset that can be compared to simulations. As part of the LDRD new experimental capabilities have also been developed that will be used to design future MagLIF integrated experiments and investigate fuel magnetization.},
doi = {10.2172/1562839},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1562839}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {10}
}