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Title: NASICON-type Na 3Fe 2(PO 4) 3 as a low-cost and high-rate anode material for aqueous sodium-ion batteries

Abstract

Aqueous sodium-ion batteries are attractive battery alternatives for stationary energy storage due to their inherently low cost and high safety. The development of advanced electrode materials with excellent performance and low cost is crucial for the success of aqueous Na-ion batteries. Albeit the high capacity and stable cycling of the leading anode of NaTi 2(PO 4) 3, the high price of titanium element and the low Na-insertion potential close to the hydrogen evolution reaction may plague its application. Here we introduced a NASICON-type Na 3Fe 2(PO 4) 3 as a promising anode alternative for aqueous Na-ion batteries. Synchrotron X-ray diffraction and spectroscopy confirm its phase and atomic structure. Electrochemical characterization and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy reveal the reversible Na + insertion in Na 3Fe 2(PO 4) 3 due to the Fe 3+/Fe 2+ redox couple, which renders a specific capacity of ~60 mAh g -1 and excellent cycling of 1000 cycles at 10C rate. A Super high rate of 100C was also achieved for this anode with a capacity retention of 61% after 1000 cycles. In addition, the Na 3Fe 2(PO 4) 3 anode is paired with a Prussian white analogue of Na 2Mn[Fe(CN) 6] into a full cell, exhibiting promisingmore » cell performance and material sustainability. Our work underlines the importance of fabricating aqueous batteries on the basis of the Earth-abundant, cost-effective, and non-toxic elements.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); Oregon State University
OSTI Identifier:
1561515
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Nano Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 64; Journal ID: ISSN 2211-2855
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
NASICON structure; Na3Fe2(PO4)3; anode; aqueous electrolytes; sodium-ion batteries

Citation Formats

Qiu, Shen, Wu, Xianyong, Wang, Maoyu, Lucero, Marcos, Wang, Yan, Wang, Jie, Yang, Zhenzhen, Xu, Wenqian, Wang, Qi, Gu, Meng, Wen, Jianguo, Xu, Zhichuan J., and Feng, Zhenxing. NASICON-type Na3Fe2(PO4)3 as a low-cost and high-rate anode material for aqueous sodium-ion batteries. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2019.103941.
Qiu, Shen, Wu, Xianyong, Wang, Maoyu, Lucero, Marcos, Wang, Yan, Wang, Jie, Yang, Zhenzhen, Xu, Wenqian, Wang, Qi, Gu, Meng, Wen, Jianguo, Xu, Zhichuan J., & Feng, Zhenxing. NASICON-type Na3Fe2(PO4)3 as a low-cost and high-rate anode material for aqueous sodium-ion batteries. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2019.103941.
Qiu, Shen, Wu, Xianyong, Wang, Maoyu, Lucero, Marcos, Wang, Yan, Wang, Jie, Yang, Zhenzhen, Xu, Wenqian, Wang, Qi, Gu, Meng, Wen, Jianguo, Xu, Zhichuan J., and Feng, Zhenxing. Tue . "NASICON-type Na3Fe2(PO4)3 as a low-cost and high-rate anode material for aqueous sodium-ion batteries". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2019.103941.
@article{osti_1561515,
title = {NASICON-type Na3Fe2(PO4)3 as a low-cost and high-rate anode material for aqueous sodium-ion batteries},
author = {Qiu, Shen and Wu, Xianyong and Wang, Maoyu and Lucero, Marcos and Wang, Yan and Wang, Jie and Yang, Zhenzhen and Xu, Wenqian and Wang, Qi and Gu, Meng and Wen, Jianguo and Xu, Zhichuan J. and Feng, Zhenxing},
abstractNote = {Aqueous sodium-ion batteries are attractive battery alternatives for stationary energy storage due to their inherently low cost and high safety. The development of advanced electrode materials with excellent performance and low cost is crucial for the success of aqueous Na-ion batteries. Albeit the high capacity and stable cycling of the leading anode of NaTi2(PO4)3, the high price of titanium element and the low Na-insertion potential close to the hydrogen evolution reaction may plague its application. Here we introduced a NASICON-type Na3Fe2(PO4)3 as a promising anode alternative for aqueous Na-ion batteries. Synchrotron X-ray diffraction and spectroscopy confirm its phase and atomic structure. Electrochemical characterization and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy reveal the reversible Na+ insertion in Na3Fe2(PO4)3 due to the Fe3+/Fe2+ redox couple, which renders a specific capacity of ~60 mAh g-1 and excellent cycling of 1000 cycles at 10C rate. A Super high rate of 100C was also achieved for this anode with a capacity retention of 61% after 1000 cycles. In addition, the Na3Fe2(PO4)3 anode is paired with a Prussian white analogue of Na2Mn[Fe(CN)6] into a full cell, exhibiting promising cell performance and material sustainability. Our work underlines the importance of fabricating aqueous batteries on the basis of the Earth-abundant, cost-effective, and non-toxic elements.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nanoen.2019.103941},
journal = {Nano Energy},
issn = {2211-2855},
number = ,
volume = 64,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}