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Title: TREAT Fuel Motion Summary Report - SETH A-E Experiments

Abstract

In support of the Accident Tolerant Fuels program, experiment devices are being developed to enable transient testing of pressurized water reactor (PWR) type fuel specimens. In fiscal year 2019 several fueled tests were conducted in the Transient Reactor Test Facility (TREAT) using the Separate Effects Test Holder (SETH). Five different SETH capsules (SETH A-E) were assembled, each holding a 10-pellet rodlet with 4.9% enriched, commercially-produced fresh UO2 pellets in zirconium alloy cladding with pellet dimensions having typical PWR radial dimensions and a total pellet stack length measuring 10.16 cm. The rodlet’s length allows the specimen to be axially positioned in the center of the core with minimal flux variation over the height of the rodlet. The fuel motion monitoring system (FMMS) is located on the north side of the TREAT reactor. Having direct line-of-sight of the core enables the FMMS to collect spatially-resolved data for fast neutrons generated due to fission occurring in experiment specimens. The FMMS contains 360 channels that make up a 10 (horizontal) by 36 (vertical) array of viewing slots; for the SETH A-E test series 96 proton-recoil scintillator (PRS) detectors were installed in the system. The fast neutrons are detected in the PRS detectors from lightmore » produced by the recoil of protons interacting with ZnS(Ag) grains in each detector's scintillator button. This report focuses on the FMMS data captured in the SETH A-E experiments, with multiple transients varying in reactivity addition and length. The first three experiments had a total reactor energy of 101 MJ each and were critical in understanding the FMMS field of view, lead shielding, and other TREAT data acquisition systems. SETH-B2 and C had a reactivity addition of almost double the previous transients and served as a demonstration of the detector array behavior under increased reactor energy. The final two SETH experiments (D and E) were aimed at reaching cladding melting temperatures with a reactor energy over 500 MJ for each test. In preparation for the higher energy transients, the FMMS lead shielding was reduced to 0.5 inches from the 6 inches used in SETH A-C. This was expected to saturate the detectors at the peak of the transient in exchange for higher sensitivity at lower energies after the peak, when the motion was expected. SETH-D was clipped at approximately 3 seconds, which was too early for the FMMS to capture any rodlet motion. SETH-E had the same reactivity addition as SETH-D but the transient time was extended to 18 seconds. The FMMS captured the downward motion of the rodlet in SETH-E as the count rate significantly changed for the detectors viewing the specimen. Snapshots taken throughout the transient helped identify the approximate time at which the motion initiated. Further analysis of the individual detector data captured on a per-millisecond time basis resulted in a determination that the approximate time for the onset of the downward motion was 2.84 ± 0.02 seconds. Neutron radiographs confirmed that downward motion occurred for SETH-D and SETH-E. Motion in SETH-D could also have been captured by the FMMS if the transient time had been longer for SETH-D. Ultimately, these final two tests served to demonstrate the FMMS's ability to track fuel motion during transient experiments at TREAT.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Idaho National Laboratory
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1561229
Report Number(s):
INL/EXT-19-55235-Rev000
DOE Contract Number:  
AC07-05ID14517
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 - NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; 22 - GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; 42 - ENGINEERING; 46 - INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; FMMS; Fuel Motion Monitoring System; Hodoscope; TREAT; SETH

Citation Formats

Ocampo Giraldo, Luis A, Johnson, James T, Thompson, Scott J, Hix, Jay D, Watson, Scott M, and Chichester, David L. TREAT Fuel Motion Summary Report - SETH A-E Experiments. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.2172/1561229.
Ocampo Giraldo, Luis A, Johnson, James T, Thompson, Scott J, Hix, Jay D, Watson, Scott M, & Chichester, David L. TREAT Fuel Motion Summary Report - SETH A-E Experiments. United States. doi:10.2172/1561229.
Ocampo Giraldo, Luis A, Johnson, James T, Thompson, Scott J, Hix, Jay D, Watson, Scott M, and Chichester, David L. Wed . "TREAT Fuel Motion Summary Report - SETH A-E Experiments". United States. doi:10.2172/1561229. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1561229.
@article{osti_1561229,
title = {TREAT Fuel Motion Summary Report - SETH A-E Experiments},
author = {Ocampo Giraldo, Luis A and Johnson, James T and Thompson, Scott J and Hix, Jay D and Watson, Scott M and Chichester, David L},
abstractNote = {In support of the Accident Tolerant Fuels program, experiment devices are being developed to enable transient testing of pressurized water reactor (PWR) type fuel specimens. In fiscal year 2019 several fueled tests were conducted in the Transient Reactor Test Facility (TREAT) using the Separate Effects Test Holder (SETH). Five different SETH capsules (SETH A-E) were assembled, each holding a 10-pellet rodlet with 4.9% enriched, commercially-produced fresh UO2 pellets in zirconium alloy cladding with pellet dimensions having typical PWR radial dimensions and a total pellet stack length measuring 10.16 cm. The rodlet’s length allows the specimen to be axially positioned in the center of the core with minimal flux variation over the height of the rodlet. The fuel motion monitoring system (FMMS) is located on the north side of the TREAT reactor. Having direct line-of-sight of the core enables the FMMS to collect spatially-resolved data for fast neutrons generated due to fission occurring in experiment specimens. The FMMS contains 360 channels that make up a 10 (horizontal) by 36 (vertical) array of viewing slots; for the SETH A-E test series 96 proton-recoil scintillator (PRS) detectors were installed in the system. The fast neutrons are detected in the PRS detectors from light produced by the recoil of protons interacting with ZnS(Ag) grains in each detector's scintillator button. This report focuses on the FMMS data captured in the SETH A-E experiments, with multiple transients varying in reactivity addition and length. The first three experiments had a total reactor energy of 101 MJ each and were critical in understanding the FMMS field of view, lead shielding, and other TREAT data acquisition systems. SETH-B2 and C had a reactivity addition of almost double the previous transients and served as a demonstration of the detector array behavior under increased reactor energy. The final two SETH experiments (D and E) were aimed at reaching cladding melting temperatures with a reactor energy over 500 MJ for each test. In preparation for the higher energy transients, the FMMS lead shielding was reduced to 0.5 inches from the 6 inches used in SETH A-C. This was expected to saturate the detectors at the peak of the transient in exchange for higher sensitivity at lower energies after the peak, when the motion was expected. SETH-D was clipped at approximately 3 seconds, which was too early for the FMMS to capture any rodlet motion. SETH-E had the same reactivity addition as SETH-D but the transient time was extended to 18 seconds. The FMMS captured the downward motion of the rodlet in SETH-E as the count rate significantly changed for the detectors viewing the specimen. Snapshots taken throughout the transient helped identify the approximate time at which the motion initiated. Further analysis of the individual detector data captured on a per-millisecond time basis resulted in a determination that the approximate time for the onset of the downward motion was 2.84 ± 0.02 seconds. Neutron radiographs confirmed that downward motion occurred for SETH-D and SETH-E. Motion in SETH-D could also have been captured by the FMMS if the transient time had been longer for SETH-D. Ultimately, these final two tests served to demonstrate the FMMS's ability to track fuel motion during transient experiments at TREAT.},
doi = {10.2172/1561229},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {9}
}

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