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Title: Corrosion Tests with Developmental Iron Phosphate Glass Waste Forms

Abstract

Corrosion tests are in progress to assess the dissolution behavior of developmental iron phosphate waste forms for salt waste from electrochemical separation operations. Specimens cut from materials made at PNNL to represent a range of waste salt loadings in prototype composition DPF-5 and a range of iron oxide loadings in prototype composition DPF-3 were subjected to modified ASTM C1308 tests to assess the compositional effects on the relative durabilities and retention of immobilized salt cations. The materials were composed of different amounts of glass and crystalline phases. The test results show both the intrinsic durability of the material and the salt cation retention decrease as the total amount of salt cations added to the material is increased. The results of ASTM C1220 and ASTM C1285 tests conducted with materials DPF5-280 and DPF5-336, which contained about 28% and 34% salt cations (on a mass oxide basis) and bounded the durabilities of the other materials, show that solution feedback does not attenuate the dissolution rate. This suggests the degradation of iron phosphate waste forms can be modelled by using a constant rate that probably depends on the composition and volume fraction of the glass phase. A reference composition should be formulated andmore » used in tests to determine those dependencies. The ASTM C1220 and ASTM C1285 tests with DPF5-280 and DPF5-336 remain in progress to corrode the specimens enough to distinguish the relative extents of glass and crystalline phase corrosion by microscopic examinations. Those results are expected to provide insights regarding the relative dissolution rates of crystalline and glass phases and impact on durability to inform the formulation of the reference composition.« less

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy - Office of Fuel Cycle Technologies - Fuel Cycle Research and Development
OSTI Identifier:
1561228
Report Number(s):
ANL/CFCT-19/7
155148
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Program Document
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Ebert, W. L., and Fortner, J. A. Corrosion Tests with Developmental Iron Phosphate Glass Waste Forms. United States: N. p., 2019. Web.
Ebert, W. L., & Fortner, J. A. Corrosion Tests with Developmental Iron Phosphate Glass Waste Forms. United States.
Ebert, W. L., and Fortner, J. A. Fri . "Corrosion Tests with Developmental Iron Phosphate Glass Waste Forms". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1561228.
@article{osti_1561228,
title = {Corrosion Tests with Developmental Iron Phosphate Glass Waste Forms},
author = {Ebert, W. L. and Fortner, J. A.},
abstractNote = {Corrosion tests are in progress to assess the dissolution behavior of developmental iron phosphate waste forms for salt waste from electrochemical separation operations. Specimens cut from materials made at PNNL to represent a range of waste salt loadings in prototype composition DPF-5 and a range of iron oxide loadings in prototype composition DPF-3 were subjected to modified ASTM C1308 tests to assess the compositional effects on the relative durabilities and retention of immobilized salt cations. The materials were composed of different amounts of glass and crystalline phases. The test results show both the intrinsic durability of the material and the salt cation retention decrease as the total amount of salt cations added to the material is increased. The results of ASTM C1220 and ASTM C1285 tests conducted with materials DPF5-280 and DPF5-336, which contained about 28% and 34% salt cations (on a mass oxide basis) and bounded the durabilities of the other materials, show that solution feedback does not attenuate the dissolution rate. This suggests the degradation of iron phosphate waste forms can be modelled by using a constant rate that probably depends on the composition and volume fraction of the glass phase. A reference composition should be formulated and used in tests to determine those dependencies. The ASTM C1220 and ASTM C1285 tests with DPF5-280 and DPF5-336 remain in progress to corrode the specimens enough to distinguish the relative extents of glass and crystalline phase corrosion by microscopic examinations. Those results are expected to provide insights regarding the relative dissolution rates of crystalline and glass phases and impact on durability to inform the formulation of the reference composition.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {9}
}

Program Document:
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