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Title: UniverseMachine: The Correlation between Galaxy Growth and Dark Matter Halo Assembly from z=0-10

Abstract

We present a method to flexibly and self-consistently determine individual galaxies' star formation rates (SFRs) from their host haloes' potential well depths, assembly histories, and redshifts. The method is constrained by galaxies' observed stellar mass functions, SFRs (specific and cosmic), quenched fractions, UV luminosity functions, UV-stellar mass relations, autocorrelation functions (including quenched and star-forming subsamples), and quenching dependence on environment; each observable is reproduced over the full redshift range available, up to 01 correlates strongly with halo mass; quenched fractions at fixed halo mass decrease with increasing redshift; massive quenched galaxies reside in higher-mass haloes than star-forming galaxies at fixed galaxy mass; star-forming and quenched galaxies' star formation histories at fixed mass differ most at z<0.5; satellites have large scatter in quenching timescales after infall, and have modestly higher quenched fractions than central galaxies; Planck cosmologies result in up to 0.3 dex lower stellar mass-halo mass ratios at early times; and, nonetheless, stellar mass-halo mass ratios rise at z>5. Also presented are revised stellar mass-halo mass relations for all, quenched, star-forming, central, and satellite galaxies; the dependence of star formation histories on halo mass, stellar mass, and galaxy SSFR; quenched fractions and quenching timescale distributions for satellites; and predictions formore » higher-redshift galaxy correlation functions and weak lensing surface densities. The public data release includes the massively parallel (>10^5 cores) implementation (the UniverseMachine), the newly compiled and remeasured observational data, derived galaxy formation constraints, and mock catalogs including lightcones.« less

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science - Office of High Energy Physics; National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1561090
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 488; Journal Issue: 3
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
galaxies: formation; galaxies: haloes

Citation Formats

Behroozi, Peter, Wechsler, Risa H., Hearin, Andrew P, and Conroy, C. UniverseMachine: The Correlation between Galaxy Growth and Dark Matter Halo Assembly from z=0-10. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz1182.
Behroozi, Peter, Wechsler, Risa H., Hearin, Andrew P, & Conroy, C. UniverseMachine: The Correlation between Galaxy Growth and Dark Matter Halo Assembly from z=0-10. United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz1182.
Behroozi, Peter, Wechsler, Risa H., Hearin, Andrew P, and Conroy, C. Sat . "UniverseMachine: The Correlation between Galaxy Growth and Dark Matter Halo Assembly from z=0-10". United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz1182.
@article{osti_1561090,
title = {UniverseMachine: The Correlation between Galaxy Growth and Dark Matter Halo Assembly from z=0-10},
author = {Behroozi, Peter and Wechsler, Risa H. and Hearin, Andrew P and Conroy, C},
abstractNote = {We present a method to flexibly and self-consistently determine individual galaxies' star formation rates (SFRs) from their host haloes' potential well depths, assembly histories, and redshifts. The method is constrained by galaxies' observed stellar mass functions, SFRs (specific and cosmic), quenched fractions, UV luminosity functions, UV-stellar mass relations, autocorrelation functions (including quenched and star-forming subsamples), and quenching dependence on environment; each observable is reproduced over the full redshift range available, up to 01 correlates strongly with halo mass; quenched fractions at fixed halo mass decrease with increasing redshift; massive quenched galaxies reside in higher-mass haloes than star-forming galaxies at fixed galaxy mass; star-forming and quenched galaxies' star formation histories at fixed mass differ most at z<0.5; satellites have large scatter in quenching timescales after infall, and have modestly higher quenched fractions than central galaxies; Planck cosmologies result in up to 0.3 dex lower stellar mass-halo mass ratios at early times; and, nonetheless, stellar mass-halo mass ratios rise at z>5. Also presented are revised stellar mass-halo mass relations for all, quenched, star-forming, central, and satellite galaxies; the dependence of star formation histories on halo mass, stellar mass, and galaxy SSFR; quenched fractions and quenching timescale distributions for satellites; and predictions for higher-redshift galaxy correlation functions and weak lensing surface densities. The public data release includes the massively parallel (>10^5 cores) implementation (the UniverseMachine), the newly compiled and remeasured observational data, derived galaxy formation constraints, and mock catalogs including lightcones.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/stz1182},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
number = 3,
volume = 488,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {9}
}

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Resolving subhaloes’ lives with the Hierarchical Bound-Tracing algorithm: Hierarchical Bound-Tracing algorithm
journal, November 2012


hbt+: an improved code for finding subhaloes and building merger trees in cosmological simulations
journal, October 2017

  • Han, Jiaxin; Cole, Shaun; Frenk, Carlos S.
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The Galaxy Content of sdss Clusters and Groups
journal, June 2009


GOLDRUSH. II. Clustering of galaxies at z ∼ 4–6 revealed with the half-million dropouts over the 100 deg2 area corresponding to 1 Gpc3
journal, November 2017

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The total infrared luminosity may significantly overestimate the star formation rate of quenching and recently quenched galaxies
journal, October 2014

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Forward Modeling of Large-scale Structure: An Open-source Approach with Halotools
journal, October 2017

  • Hearin, Andrew P.; Campbell, Duncan; Tollerud, Erik
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The dark side of galaxy colour
journal, September 2013

  • Hearin, Andrew P.; Watson, Douglas F.
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The dark side of galaxy colour: evidence from new SDSS measurements of galaxy clustering and lensing
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  • Hearin, Andrew P.; Watson, Douglas F.; Becker, Matthew R.
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Beyond halo mass: galactic conformity as a smoking gun of central galaxy assembly bias
journal, July 2015

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On the physical origin of galactic conformity
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Galaxy formation in the Planck cosmology – I. Matching the observed evolution of star formation rates, colours and stellar masses
journal, June 2015

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Galaxy and Mass Assembly: FUV, NUV, ugrizYJHK Petrosian, Kron and Sérsic photometry: GAMA: the photometric pipeline
journal, December 2010


On the Normalization of the Cosmic Star Formation History
journal, November 2006

  • Hopkins, Andrew M.; Beacom, John F.
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Toward a Resolution of the Discrepancy between Different Estimators of Star Formation Rate
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The Velocity-Distance Relation among Extra-Galactic Nebulae
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Mass assembly in quiescent and star-forming galaxies since z ≃ 4 from UltraVISTA
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A Model Connecting Galaxy Masses, Star Formation Rates, and Dust Temperatures across Cosmic Time
journal, February 2018

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The Galaxy–Halo Connection in High-redshift Universe: Details and Evolution of Stellar-to-halo Mass Ratios of Lyman Break Galaxies on CFHTLS Deep Fields
journal, May 2017

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Steep faint-end slopes of galaxy mass and luminosity functions at z≥ 6 and the implications for reionization: Steep faint-end slopes of GSMF & LF at z≥ 6
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Duty cycle and the increasing star formation history of z ≥ 6 galaxies : Duty cycle
journal, October 2012


CONNECTING THE DOTS: TRACKING GALAXY EVOLUTION USING CONSTANT CUMULATIVE NUMBER DENSITY AT 3 ≤ z ≤ 7
journal, February 2016

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Statistics of dark matter substructure – I. Model and universal fitting functions
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MOIRCS DEEP SURVEY. VIII. EVOLUTION OF STAR FORMATION ACTIVITY AS A FUNCTION OF STELLAR MASS IN GALAXIES SINCE z ∼ 3
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Scientific discovery with the James Webb Space Telescope
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The star Formation History of Mass-Selected Galaxies in the Cosmos Field
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Stellar masses and star formation histories for 10 5 galaxies from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey
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Physical origin of the large-scale conformity in the specific star formation rates of galaxies
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  • Kauffmann, Guinevere
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Clustering of galaxies in a hierarchical universe -- I. Methods and results at z = 0
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A re-examination of galactic conformity and a comparison with semi-analytic models of galaxy formation
journal, February 2013

  • Kauffmann, Guinevere; Li, Cheng; Zhang, Wei
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THE AGORA HIGH-RESOLUTION GALAXY SIMULATIONS COMPARISON PROJECT. II. ISOLATED DISK TEST
journal, December 2016


Galaxies in N ‐Body Simulations: Overcoming the Overmerging Problem
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MultiDark simulations: the story of dark matter halo concentrations and density profiles
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Haloes gone MAD★: The Halo-Finder Comparison Project: The Halo-Finder Comparison Project
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Structure finding in cosmological simulations: the state of affairs
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The importance of interactions for mass loss from satellite galaxies in cold dark matter haloes
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The Origin and Evolution of Halo Bias in Linear and Nonlinear Regimes
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Adaptive Refinement Tree: A New High‐Resolution N ‐Body Code for Cosmological Simulations
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The Tumultuous Lives of Galactic Dwarfs and the Missing Satellites Problem
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Stellar Mass—Halo Mass Relation and Star Formation Efficiency in High-Mass Halos
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On the variation of the initial mass function
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Radial constraints on the initial mass function from TiO features and Wing–Ford band in early-type galaxies
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IRAC Mid-Infrared Imaging of the Hubble Deep Field-South: Star Formation Histories and Stellar Masses of Red Galaxies at z  > 2
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Bias and variance of angular correlation functions
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The evolution of disk galaxies and the origin of S0 galaxies
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Cosmic star-formation history from a non-parametric inversion of infrared galaxy counts
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Lensing is low: cosmology, galaxy formation or new physics?
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Properties of dark matter haloes as a function of local environment density
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On the last 10 Billion Years of Stellar mass Growth in Star-Forming Galaxies
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Tracing Galaxies Through Cosmic time with Number Density Selection
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Reconciling the Observed Star-Forming Sequence with the Observed Stellar mass Function
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The distribution of stellar mass in the low-redshift Universe
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An empirical model to form and evolve galaxies in dark matter halos
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K ‐band Properties of Galaxy Clusters and Groups: Brightest Cluster Galaxies and Intracluster Light
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The Stellar mass Growth of Brightest Cluster Galaxies in the irac Shallow Cluster Survey
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Galaxy And Mass Assembly (GAMA): end of survey report and data release 2
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Dark-ages reionization and galaxy formation simulation – IV. UV luminosity functions of high-redshift galaxies
journal, July 2016

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Semi-Analytic Models for the Candels Survey: Comparison of Predictions for Intrinsic Galaxy Properties
journal, October 2014


An empirical model for the star formation history in dark matter haloes
journal, February 2014

  • Lu, Zhankui; Mo, H. J.; Lu, Yu
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Galaxy ecosystems: gas contents, inflows and outflows
journal, April 2015

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Star formation and stellar mass assembly in dark matter haloes: from giants to dwarfs
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An Analytical Model for Galaxy Metallicity: what do Metallicity Relations tell us About star Formation and Outflow?
journal, July 2015


THE Hα LUMINOSITY FUNCTION AND STAR FORMATION RATE VOLUME DENSITY AT z = 0.8 FROM THE NEWFIRM Hα SURVEY
journal, December 2010


A CENSUS OF STAR-FORMING GALAXIES AT z = 1-3 IN THE SUBARU DEEP FIELD
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Cosmic Star-Formation History
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Evolution of the dusty infrared luminosity function from z   =   0 to z   =   2.3 using observations from Spitzer
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AMAZE: I. The evolution of the mass–metallicity relation at
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Strong bimodality in the host halo mass of central galaxies from galaxy–galaxy lensing
journal, February 2016

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The Progenitors of Local Ultra-Massive Galaxies Across Cosmic Time: from Dusty Star-Bursting to Quiescent Stellar Populations
journal, September 2014


THE STELLAR INITIAL MASS FUNCTION AT 0.9 < z < 1.5
journal, December 2014

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The Galaxy uv Luminosity Function Before the Epoch of Reionization
journal, October 2015

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UltraVISTA: a new ultra-deep near-infrared survey in COSMOS
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Probing the galaxy–halo connection in UltraVISTA to z ∼ 2
journal, March 2015

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AN HST /WFC3-UVIS VIEW OF THE STARBURST IN THE COOL CORE OF THE PHOENIX CLUSTER
journal, February 2013


A robust sample of galaxies at redshifts 6.0<z<8.7: stellar populations, star formation rates and stellar masses: A robust sample of galaxies at 6.0 < z < 8.7
journal, November 2011


Equilibrium model prediction for the scatter in the star-forming main sequence
journal, October 2016

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A Critical Assessment of Stellar mass Measurement Methods
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Detection of the Splashback Radius and halo Assembly bias of Massive Galaxy Clusters
journal, June 2016


Satellite kinematics - II. The halo mass-luminosity relation of central galaxies in SDSS
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Constraints on the Relationship Between Stellar mass and halo mass at low and high Redshift
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Galactic star formation and accretion histories from matching galaxies to dark matter haloes
journal, December 2012

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emerge – an empirical model for the formation of galaxies since z ∼ 10
journal, March 2018

  • Moster, Benjamin P.; Naab, Thorsten; White, Simon D. M.
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PRIMUS: CONSTRAINTS ON STAR FORMATION QUENCHING AND GALAXY MERGING, AND THE EVOLUTION OF THE STELLAR MASS FUNCTION FROM z = 0-1
journal, March 2013


The simplest model of galaxy formation – I. A formation history model of galaxy stellar mass growth
journal, August 2013

  • Mutch, Simon J.; Croton, Darren J.; Poole, Gregory B.
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THE EVOLUTION OF THE STELLAR MASS FUNCTIONS OF STAR-FORMING AND QUIESCENT GALAXIES TO z = 4 FROM THE COSMOS/UltraVISTA SURVEY
journal, October 2013


Theoretical Challenges in Galaxy Formation
journal, August 2017


Modeling the Impact of Baryons on Subhalo Populations with Machine Learning
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A Theory for the Variation of Dust Attenuation Laws in Galaxies
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A Universal Density Profile from Hierarchical Clustering
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THE MOST LUMINOUS z ∼ 9-10 GALAXY CANDIDATES YET FOUND: THE LUMINOSITY FUNCTION, COSMIC STAR-FORMATION RATE, AND THE FIRST MASS DENSITY ESTIMATE AT 500 Myr
journal, April 2014


Satellite quenching time-scales in clusters from projected phase space measurements matched to simulated orbits
journal, September 2016

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Subhaloes going Notts: the subhalo-finder comparison project: Subhalo-finder comparison
journal, April 2012

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Timing the Evolution of Quiescent and Star-Forming Local Galaxies
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ZFOURGE/CANDELS: ON THE EVOLUTION OF M * GALAXY PROGENITORS FROM z = 3 TO 0.5
journal, April 2015


The rising star formation histories of distant galaxies and implications for gas accretion with time: Star formation histories and gas accretion
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Galaxy pairs in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey - VI. The orbital extent of enhanced star formation in interacting galaxies
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MASS AND ENVIRONMENT AS DRIVERS OF GALAXY EVOLUTION IN SDSS AND zCOSMOS AND THE ORIGIN OF THE SCHECHTER FUNCTION
journal, August 2010


Mass and Environment as Drivers of Galaxy Evolution. ii. the Quenching of Satellite Galaxies as the Origin of Environmental Effects
journal, August 2012

  • Peng, Ying-jie; Lilly, Simon J.; Renzini, Alvio
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The rate and luminosity function of long gamma ray bursts
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Cosmological Evolution of long Gamma-Ray Bursts and the star Formation rate
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Planck 2013 results. XXX. Cosmic infrared background measurements and implications for star formation
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Planck 2015 results : XIII. Cosmological parameters
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Evolution of the atomic and molecular gas content of galaxies in dark matter haloes
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The stellar initial mass function of early-type galaxies from low to high stellar velocity dispersion: homogeneous analysis of atlas3D and Sloan Lens ACS galaxies
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  • Posacki, Silvia; Cappellari, Michele; Treu, Tommaso
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The Connection Between Galaxies and dark Matter Structures in the Local Universe
journal, June 2013

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The GALEX-SDSS NUV and FUV flux density and local star formation rate: The GALEX-SDSS and local star formation rate
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The Stellar-Subhalo mass Relation of Satellite Galaxies
journal, August 2012

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The Stellar-To-Halo mass Relation of Local Galaxies Segregates by Color
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Is main-sequence galaxy star formation controlled by halo mass accretion?
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Halo and subhalo demographics with Planck cosmological parameters: Bolshoi–Planck and MultiDark–Planck simulations
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Constraining the galaxy–halo connection over the last 13.3 Gyr: star formation histories, galaxy mergers and structural properties
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Merging history trees of dark matter haloes: a tool for exploring galaxy formation models
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THE EVOLUTION OF THE STAR FORMATION RATE OF GALAXIES AT 0.0 ⩽ z ⩽ 1.2
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UV Star Formation Rates in the Local Universe
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THE RELATION BETWEEN STAR FORMATION RATE AND STELLAR MASS FOR GALAXIES AT 3.5 ⩽ z ⩽ 6.5 IN CANDELS
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The Luminosity Function and Stellar Evolution.
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Star formation and mass assembly in high redshift galaxies
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The EAGLE project: simulating the evolution and assembly of galaxies and their environments
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The Herschel view of the dominant mode of galaxy growth from z = 4 to the present day
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Revisiting the Bulge–Halo Conspiracy. I. Dependence on Galaxy Properties and Halo Mass
journal, May 2017

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MORPHOLOGIES OF ∼190,000 GALAXIES AT z = 0–10 REVEALED WITH HST LEGACY DATA. I. SIZE EVOLUTION
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GLOBAL STAR FORMATION RATE DENSITY OVER 0.7 < z < 1.9
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The current status of galaxy formation
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A Catalog of Bulge+Disk Decompositions and Updated Photometry for 1.12 Million Galaxies in the Sloan Digital sky Survey
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On the evidence for large-scale galactic conformity in the local Universe
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PRIMUS: GALAXY CLUSTERING AS A FUNCTION OF LUMINOSITY AND COLOR AT 0.2 < z < 1
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The stellar mass function of star-forming galaxies and the mass-dependent SFR function since z = 2.23 from HiZELS
journal, December 2013

  • Sobral, David; Best, Philip N.; Smail, Ian
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 437, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt2159

The relationship between galaxy and dark matter halo size from z ∼ 3 to the present
journal, September 2017

  • Somerville, Rachel S.; Behroozi, Peter; Pandya, Viraj
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 473, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx2040

Physical Models of Galaxy Formation in a Cosmological Framework
journal, August 2015


THE EVOLUTION OF THE GALAXY STELLAR MASS FUNCTION AT z = 4–8: A STEEPENING LOW-MASS-END SLOPE WITH INCREASING REDSHIFT
journal, June 2016

  • Song, Mimi; Finkelstein, Steven L.; Ashby, Matthew L. N.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 825, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.3847/0004-637X/825/1/5

The star formation main sequence and stellar mass assembly of galaxies in the Illustris simulation
journal, January 2015

  • Sparre, Martin; Hayward, Christopher C.; Springel, Volker
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 447, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stu2713

(Star)bursts of FIRE: observational signatures of bursty star formation in galaxies
journal, November 2016

  • Sparre, Martin; Hayward, Christopher C.; Feldmann, Robert
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 466, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw3011

A HIGHLY CONSISTENT FRAMEWORK FOR THE EVOLUTION OF THE STAR-FORMING “MAIN SEQUENCE” FROM z ∼ 0-6
journal, September 2014

  • Speagle, J. S.; Steinhardt, C. L.; Capak, P. L.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 214, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/214/2/15

First results from the IllustrisTNG simulations: matter and galaxy clustering
journal, December 2017

  • Springel, Volker; Pakmor, Rüdiger; Pillepich, Annalisa
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 475, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx3304

Sussing Merger Trees: The Merger Trees Comparison Project
journal, October 2013

  • Srisawat, Chaichalit; Knebe, Alexander; Pearce, Frazer R.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 436, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt1545

KECK SPECTROSCOPY OF 3 < z < 7 FAINT LYMAN BREAK GALAXIES: THE IMPORTANCE OF NEBULAR EMISSION IN UNDERSTANDING THE SPECIFIC STAR FORMATION RATE AND STELLAR MASS DENSITY
journal, January 2013


STELLAR MASS FUNCTIONS OF GALAXIES AT 4 < z < 7 FROM AN IRAC -SELECTED SAMPLE IN COSMOS/ULTRAVISTA: LIMITS ON THE ABUNDANCE OF VERY MASSIVE GALAXIES
journal, April 2015


The Impossibly Early Galaxy Problem
journal, June 2016

  • Steinhardt, Charles. L.; Capak, Peter; Masters, Dan
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 824, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.3847/0004-637X/824/1/21

Constraints on the star formation efficiency of galaxies during the epoch of reionization
journal, April 2016

  • Sun, G.; Furlanetto, S. R.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 460, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw980

A Redshift-independent Efficiency Model: Star Formation and Stellar Masses in Dark Matter Halos at z ≳ 4
journal, November 2018

  • Tacchella, Sandro; Bose, Sownak; Conroy, Charlie
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 868, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aae8e0

Simulating deep Hubble Images with Semi-Empirical Models of Galaxy Formation
journal, February 2015

  • Taghizadeh-Popp, Manuchehr; Fall, S. Michael; White, Richard L.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 801, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/801/1/14

The Correlated Formation Histories of Massive Galaxies and Their dark Matter Halos
journal, July 2012

  • Tinker, Jeremy L.; George, Matthew R.; Leauthaud, Alexie
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 755, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/2041-8205/755/1/L5

EVOLUTION OF THE STELLAR-TO-DARK MATTER RELATION: SEPARATING STAR-FORMING AND PASSIVE GALAXIES FROM z = 1 TO 0
journal, November 2013


Halo histories versus Galaxy properties at z = 0 – I. The quenching of star formation
journal, August 2017

  • Tinker, Jeremy L.; Wetzel, Andrew R.; Conroy, Charlie
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 472, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx2066

GALAXY STELLAR MASS FUNCTIONS FROM ZFOURGE/CANDELS: AN EXCESS OF LOW-MASS GALAXIES SINCE z = 2 AND THE RAPID BUILDUP OF QUIESCENT GALAXIES
journal, February 2014


THE SFR– M * RELATION AND EMPIRICAL STAR FORMATION HISTORIES FROM ZFOURGE AT 0.5 < z < 4
journal, January 2016


The Surface Brightness Fluctuation Survey of Galaxy Distances. II. Local and Large‐Scale Flows
journal, February 2000

  • Tonry, John L.; Blakeslee, John P.; Ajhar, Edward A.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 530, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/308409

Survival of substructure within dark matter haloes
journal, September 1998


Forward and backward galaxy evolution in comoving cumulative number density space
journal, February 2017

  • Torrey, Paul; Wellons, Sarah; Ma, Chung-Pei
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 467, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx370

Group quenching and galactic conformity at low redshift
journal, March 2018

  • Treyer, M.; Kraljic, K.; Arnouts, S.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 477, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty769

The UV galaxy luminosity function at z  = 3–5 from the CFHT Legacy Survey Deep fields
journal, November 2010


3D-HST+CANDELS: THE EVOLUTION OF THE GALAXY SIZE-MASS DISTRIBUTION SINCE z = 3
journal, May 2014


THE VLT LEGA-C SPECTROSCOPIC SURVEY: THE PHYSICS OF GALAXIES AT A LOOKBACK TIME OF 7 Gyr
journal, April 2016

  • van der Wel, A.; Noeske, K.; Bezanson, R.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 223, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.3847/0067-0049/223/2/29

The Stellar Initial Mass Function in Early-type Galaxies from Absorption Line Spectroscopy. III. Radial Gradients
journal, May 2017

  • van Dokkum, Pieter; Conroy, Charlie; Villaume, Alexa
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 841, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa7135

THE ASSEMBLY OF MILKY-WAY-LIKE GALAXIES SINCE z ∼ 2.5
journal, June 2013


Regulation of star formation in giant galaxies by precipitation, feedback and conduction
journal, March 2015


GALAXY CLUSTERING IN THE NEWFIRM MEDIUM BAND SURVEY: THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STELLAR MASS AND DARK MATTER HALO MASS AT 1 < z < 2
journal, January 2011

  • Wake, David A.; Whitaker, Katherine E.; Labbé, Ivo
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 728, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/728/1/46

Connecting stellar mass and star-formation rate to dark matter halo mass out to z ∼ 2
journal, March 2013

  • Wang, L.; Farrah, D.; Oliver, S. J.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 431, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt190

ELUCID. IV. Galaxy Quenching and its Relation to Halo Mass, Environment, and Assembly Bias
journal, January 2018


Predicting galaxy star formation rates via the co-evolution of galaxies and haloes
journal, November 2014

  • Watson, Douglas F.; Hearin, Andrew P.; Berlind, Andreas A.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 446, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stu2065

THE STRIKINGLY SIMILAR RELATION BETWEEN SATELLITE AND CENTRAL GALAXIES AND THEIR DARK MATTER HALOS SINCE z = 2
journal, July 2013


The Connection Between Galaxies and Their Dark Matter Halos
journal, September 2018


Concentrations of Dark Halos from Their Assembly Histories
journal, March 2002

  • Wechsler, Risa H.; Bullock, James S.; Primack, Joel R.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 568, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/338765

An improved probabilistic approach for linking progenitor and descendant galaxy populations using comoving number density
journal, February 2017

  • Wellons, Sarah; Torrey, Paul
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 467, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx358

The Physical Nature of the Cosmic Accretion of Baryons and dark Matter into Halos and Their Galaxies
journal, July 2015


Galaxy evolution in groups and clusters: star formation rates, red sequence fractions and the persistent bimodality: Galaxy evolution in groups and clusters
journal, May 2012

  • Wetzel, Andrew R.; Tinker, Jeremy L.; Conroy, Charlie
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 424, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21188.x

Galaxy evolution in groups and clusters: satellite star formation histories and quenching time-scales in a hierarchical Universe
journal, April 2013

  • Wetzel, Andrew R.; Tinker, Jeremy L.; Conroy, Charlie
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 432, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt469

Rapid Environmental Quenching of Satellite Dwarf Galaxies in the Local Group
journal, July 2015


The surprising inefficiency of dwarf satellite quenching
journal, June 2014

  • Wheeler, Coral; Phillips, John I.; Cooper, Michael C.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 442, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stu965

CONSTRAINING THE LOW-MASS SLOPE OF THE STAR FORMATION SEQUENCE AT 0.5 < z < 2.5
journal, October 2014


Evidence for Merging or Disruption of Red Galaxies from the Evolution of Their Clustering
journal, January 2007

  • White, Martin; Zheng, Zheng; Brown, Michael J. I.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 655, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/512015

The evolution of stellar mass and the implied star formation history
journal, April 2008

  • Wilkins, Stephen M.; Trentham, Neil; Hopkins, Andrew M.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 385, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.12885.x

DETECTION OF QUIESCENT GALAXIES IN A BICOLOR SEQUENCE FROM Z = 0-2
journal, February 2009


Galaxy And Mass Assembly (GAMA): detection of low-surface-brightness galaxies from SDSS data
journal, September 2016

  • Williams, Richard P.; Baldry, I. K.; Kelvin, L. S.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 463, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw2185

Rhapsody. ii. Subhalo Properties and the Impact of Tidal Stripping from a Statistical Sample of Cluster-Size Halos
journal, March 2013


The Subhalo-Satellite Connection and the fate of Disrupted Satellite Galaxies
journal, March 2009


Evolution of the Galaxy–Dark Matter Connection and the Assembly of Galaxies in dark Matter Halos
journal, May 2012


The Implications of a High Allelic Frequency of CYP2B6 G516T in Ethnic Chinese Persons
journal, August 2006

  • Tong, K.; He, M. -L.; Lin, C. -K.
  • Clinical Infectious Diseases, Vol. 43, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1086/508621

ON THE INCONSISTENCY BETWEEN COSMIC STELLAR MASS DENSITY AND STAR FORMATION RATE UP TO z ∼ 8
journal, March 2016


AN UNEXPECTEDLY LOW-REDSHIFT EXCESS OF SWIFT GAMMA-RAY BURST RATE
journal, May 2015


THE SCALING OF STELLAR MASS AND CENTRAL STELLAR VELOCITY DISPERSION FOR QUIESCENT GALAXIES AT z < 0.7
journal, December 2016

  • Zahid, H. Jabran; Geller, Margaret J.; Fabricant, Daniel G.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 832, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.3847/0004-637X/832/2/203

The Dependence of Star Formation on Galaxy Stellar Mass
journal, April 2007

  • Zheng, Xian Zhong; Bell, Eric F.; Papovich, Casey
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 661, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/518690

Baryons Matter: why Luminous Satellite Galaxies have Reduced Central Masses
journal, November 2012


Mapping stellar content to dark matter haloes – II. Halo mass is the main driver of galaxy quenching
journal, January 2016

  • Zu, Ying; Mandelbaum, Rachel
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 457, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw221

The star formation history of mass-selected galaxies from the VIDEO survey
journal, February 2014

  • Zwart, Jonathan T. L.; Jarvis, Matt J.; Deane, Roger P.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 439, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stu053