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Title: Axisymmetric and Focusing Analyzers to Enable Efficient Powder and Residual Stress Neutron Diffractometers

Abstract

Project Summary: Company: Adelphi Technology, Inc., Redwood City, CA 94063-4121 DOE Phase 1 STTR PI: Dr. Jay Theodore Cremer, Jr. Chief Scientist at Adelphi Technology, Inc. DOE Phase 1 STTR with: Dr. Boris Khaykovich of Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) MIT Nuclear Reactor Laboratory DOE Phase 1 STTR Title: Axisymmetric and Focusing Analyzers to Enable Efficient Powder and Residual Stress Neutron Diffractometers Statement of the problem or situation that is being addressed: Although thermal and cold neutron scattering is widely used, and is critical for success in many areas of materials science and engineering, relatively low neutron fluxes severely limit applications of not only laboratory neutrons generators, but also large national neutron facilities. State-of-the-art thermal and cold neutron sources are large expensive national facilities, which serve diverse community of scientific and industrial users. The constant need to improve the instruments performance, stems from the fact that neutron methods are gaining in popularity, and becoming more and more powerful, while new neutron sources are not being constructed, so as to keep pace with the developments and needs of the scientific community. Small research reactors at universities and National Labs, and laboratory-based neutron generators, are necessary not only for education and training,more » but also when samples cannot be transported to other facilities. However, the standard neutron techniques, which were developed for high-flux facilities, require much higher efficiencies to be used effectively with the low fluxes of small sources. Thus, the efficient use of neutron sources, such as with our proposed analyzer, is important for the progress and broader use of these neutron techniques. General statement of how this problem is being addressed: We strive to achieve the goal of efficient use of available thermal and cold neutrons, by introducing here, novel analyzers for powder diffraction and stress-strain measurements. These analyzers will enable polychromatic cold and thermal neutron diffractometers, which will have much higher throughput than existing instruments. At large national facilities, such as at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, these analyzers would enable very fast instruments for screening of multiple samples, for measuring kinetic processes, or for measuring residual stress tensors. Commercial Applications and Other Benefits: By combining the novel analyzers with the Adelphi thermal neutron generator, we will open a new market, which includes the testing of samples that cannot be transported, such as nuclear fuels, or the testing of parts during production. Given the reasonable cost and size of our proposed analyzer systems, along with the continuing development of more powerful thermal neutron generators, the proposed analyzers will be suitable for weak neutrons sources, which are installed at small to large university, industrial, and government laboratories. Key Words: Neutron powder diffraction, residual stress measurements, thermal neutron generators, TRIGA reactors, low flux thermal and cold neutron sources, neutron diffraction. Summary for Members of Congress: Thermal and cold neutron beams are a powerful materials science probe, which provide unique information about the structure of matter. The proposed innovations expand the reach of neutron-based investigations to new materials and industries by enabling new instrumentation capabilities, thereby greatly enhancing and expanding the role of small, laboratory-based neutron instrumentation, and improving education and training of neutron users.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Adelphi Technology, Inc.
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Contributing Org.:
ORNL provided letters of support and scientific advice
OSTI Identifier:
1560918
Report Number(s):
DOE-Phase_1_STTR-Final_Report-Adelphi_Technology&MIT-25Jan2019
DOE Contract Number:  
SC0018454
Type / Phase:
STTR (Phase I)
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; Neutron powder diffraction, residual stress measurements, thermal neutron generators, TRIGA reactors, low flux thermal and cold neutron sources, neutron diffraction

Citation Formats

Cremer, Jay Theodore, and Khaykovich, Boris. Axisymmetric and Focusing Analyzers to Enable Efficient Powder and Residual Stress Neutron Diffractometers. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.2172/1560918.
Cremer, Jay Theodore, & Khaykovich, Boris. Axisymmetric and Focusing Analyzers to Enable Efficient Powder and Residual Stress Neutron Diffractometers. United States. doi:10.2172/1560918.
Cremer, Jay Theodore, and Khaykovich, Boris. Fri . "Axisymmetric and Focusing Analyzers to Enable Efficient Powder and Residual Stress Neutron Diffractometers". United States. doi:10.2172/1560918.
@article{osti_1560918,
title = {Axisymmetric and Focusing Analyzers to Enable Efficient Powder and Residual Stress Neutron Diffractometers},
author = {Cremer, Jay Theodore and Khaykovich, Boris},
abstractNote = {Project Summary: Company: Adelphi Technology, Inc., Redwood City, CA 94063-4121 DOE Phase 1 STTR PI: Dr. Jay Theodore Cremer, Jr. Chief Scientist at Adelphi Technology, Inc. DOE Phase 1 STTR with: Dr. Boris Khaykovich of Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) MIT Nuclear Reactor Laboratory DOE Phase 1 STTR Title: Axisymmetric and Focusing Analyzers to Enable Efficient Powder and Residual Stress Neutron Diffractometers Statement of the problem or situation that is being addressed: Although thermal and cold neutron scattering is widely used, and is critical for success in many areas of materials science and engineering, relatively low neutron fluxes severely limit applications of not only laboratory neutrons generators, but also large national neutron facilities. State-of-the-art thermal and cold neutron sources are large expensive national facilities, which serve diverse community of scientific and industrial users. The constant need to improve the instruments performance, stems from the fact that neutron methods are gaining in popularity, and becoming more and more powerful, while new neutron sources are not being constructed, so as to keep pace with the developments and needs of the scientific community. Small research reactors at universities and National Labs, and laboratory-based neutron generators, are necessary not only for education and training, but also when samples cannot be transported to other facilities. However, the standard neutron techniques, which were developed for high-flux facilities, require much higher efficiencies to be used effectively with the low fluxes of small sources. Thus, the efficient use of neutron sources, such as with our proposed analyzer, is important for the progress and broader use of these neutron techniques. General statement of how this problem is being addressed: We strive to achieve the goal of efficient use of available thermal and cold neutrons, by introducing here, novel analyzers for powder diffraction and stress-strain measurements. These analyzers will enable polychromatic cold and thermal neutron diffractometers, which will have much higher throughput than existing instruments. At large national facilities, such as at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, these analyzers would enable very fast instruments for screening of multiple samples, for measuring kinetic processes, or for measuring residual stress tensors. Commercial Applications and Other Benefits: By combining the novel analyzers with the Adelphi thermal neutron generator, we will open a new market, which includes the testing of samples that cannot be transported, such as nuclear fuels, or the testing of parts during production. Given the reasonable cost and size of our proposed analyzer systems, along with the continuing development of more powerful thermal neutron generators, the proposed analyzers will be suitable for weak neutrons sources, which are installed at small to large university, industrial, and government laboratories. Key Words: Neutron powder diffraction, residual stress measurements, thermal neutron generators, TRIGA reactors, low flux thermal and cold neutron sources, neutron diffraction. Summary for Members of Congress: Thermal and cold neutron beams are a powerful materials science probe, which provide unique information about the structure of matter. The proposed innovations expand the reach of neutron-based investigations to new materials and industries by enabling new instrumentation capabilities, thereby greatly enhancing and expanding the role of small, laboratory-based neutron instrumentation, and improving education and training of neutron users.},
doi = {10.2172/1560918},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {1}
}

Technical Report:
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