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Title: Improved measurement of the reactor antineutrino flux at Daya Bay

Abstract

This work reports a precise measurement of the reactor antineutrino flux using 2.2 million inverse beta decay (IBD) events collected with the Daya Bay near detectors in 1230 days. The dominant uncertainty on the neutron detection efficiency is reduced by 56% with respect to the previous measurement through a comprehensive neutron calibration and detailed data and simulation analysis. The new average IBD yield is determined to be (5.91±0.09)×10 -43 cm 2/fission with total uncertainty improved by 29%. The corresponding mean fission fractions from the four main fission isotopes 235U, 238U, 239Pu, and 241Pu are 0.564, 0.076, 0.304, and 0.056, respectively. The ratio of measured to predicted antineutrino yield is found to be 0.952±0.014±0.023 (1.001±0.015±0.027) for the Huber-Mueller (ILL-Vogel) model, where the first and second uncertainty are experimental and theoretical model uncertainty, respectively. This measurement confirms the discrepancy between the world average of reactor antineutrino flux and the Huber-Mueller model.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP)
Contributing Org.:
Daya Bay Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1560776
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1566861; OSTI ID: 1582028
Report Number(s):
BNL-212107-2019-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010; PRVDAQ; 052004
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review D Journal Volume: 100 Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Neutrino oscillations

Citation Formats

Adey, D., An, F. P., Balantekin, A. B., Band, H. R., Bishai, M., Blyth, S., Cao, D., Cao, G. F., Cao, J., Chan, Y. L., Chang, J. F., Chang, Y., Chen, H. S., Chen, S. M., Chen, Y., Chen, Y. X., Cheng, J., Cheng, Z. K., Cherwinka, J. J., Chu, M. C., Chukanov, A., Cummings, J. P., Deng, F. S., Ding, Y. Y., Diwan, M. V., Dolgareva, M., Dove, J., Dwyer, D. A., Edwards, W. R., Gonchar, M., Gong, G. H., Gong, H., Gu, W. Q., Guo, L., Guo, X. H., Guo, Y. H., Guo, Z., Hackenburg, R. W., Hans, S., He, M., Heeger, K. M., Heng, Y. K., Higuera, A., Hsiung, Y. B., Hu, B. Z., Hu, T., Hu, Z. J., Huang, H. X., Huang, X. T., Huang, Y. B., Huber, P., Huo, W., Hussain, G., Jaffe, D. E., Jen, K. L., Ji, X. L., Ji, X. P., Johnson, R. A., Jones, D., Kang, L., Kettell, S. H., Koerner, L. W., Kohn, S., Kramer, M., Langford, T. J., Lebanowski, L., Lee, J., Lee, J. H. C., Lei, R. T., Leitner, R., Leung, J. K. C., Li, C., Li, F., Li, H. L., Li, Q. J., Li, S., Li, S. C., Li, S. J., Li, W. D., Li, X. N., Li, X. Q., Li, Y. F., Li, Z. B., Liang, H., Lin, C. J., Lin, G. L., Lin, S., Lin, S. K., Lin, Y. -C., Ling, J. J., Link, J. M., Littenberg, L., Littlejohn, B. R., Liu, J. C., Liu, J. L., Liu, Y., Liu, Y. H., Loh, C. W., Lu, C., Lu, H. Q., Lu, J. S., Luk, K. B., Ma, X. B., Ma, X. Y., Ma, Y. Q., Malyshkin, Y., Marshall, C., Martinez Caicedo, D. A., McDonald, K. T., McKeown, R. D., Mitchell, I., Mora Lepin, L., Napolitano, J., Naumov, D., Naumova, E., Ochoa-Ricoux, J. P., Olshevskiy, A., Pan, H. -R., Park, J., Patton, S., Pec, V., Peng, J. C., Pinsky, L., Pun, C. S. J., Qi, F. Z., Qi, M., Qian, X., Qiu, R. M., Raper, N., Ren, J., Rosero, R., Roskovec, B., Ruan, X. C., Steiner, H., Sun, J. L., Treskov, K., Tse, W. -H., Tull, C. E., Viren, B., Vorobel, V., Wang, C. H., Wang, J., Wang, M., Wang, N. Y., Wang, R. G., Wang, W., Wang, W., Wang, X., Wang, Y. F., Wang, Z., Wang, Z., Wang, Z. M., Wei, H. Y., Wei, L. H., Wen, L. J., Whisnant, K., White, C. G., Wise, T., Wong, H. L. H., Wong, S. C. F., Worcester, E., Wu, Q., Wu, W. J., Xia, D. M., Xing, Z. Z., Xu, J. L., Xue, T., Yang, C. G., Yang, H., Yang, L., Yang, M. S., Yang, M. T., Yang, Y. Z., Ye, M., Yeh, M., Young, B. L., Yu, H. Z., Yu, Z. Y., Yue, B. B., Zeng, S., Zhan, L., Zhang, C., Zhang, C. C., Zhang, F. Y., Zhang, H. H., Zhang, J. W., Zhang, Q. M., Zhang, R., Zhang, X. F., Zhang, X. T., Zhang, Y. M., Zhang, Y. M., Zhang, Y. X., Zhang, Y. Y., Zhang, Z. J., Zhang, Z. P., Zhang, Z. Y., Zhao, J., Zheng, P., Zhou, L., Zhuang, H. L., Zou, J. H., and Daya Bay Collaboration. Improved measurement of the reactor antineutrino flux at Daya Bay. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.100.052004.
Adey, D., An, F. P., Balantekin, A. B., Band, H. R., Bishai, M., Blyth, S., Cao, D., Cao, G. F., Cao, J., Chan, Y. L., Chang, J. F., Chang, Y., Chen, H. S., Chen, S. M., Chen, Y., Chen, Y. X., Cheng, J., Cheng, Z. K., Cherwinka, J. J., Chu, M. C., Chukanov, A., Cummings, J. P., Deng, F. S., Ding, Y. Y., Diwan, M. V., Dolgareva, M., Dove, J., Dwyer, D. A., Edwards, W. R., Gonchar, M., Gong, G. H., Gong, H., Gu, W. Q., Guo, L., Guo, X. H., Guo, Y. H., Guo, Z., Hackenburg, R. W., Hans, S., He, M., Heeger, K. M., Heng, Y. K., Higuera, A., Hsiung, Y. B., Hu, B. Z., Hu, T., Hu, Z. J., Huang, H. X., Huang, X. T., Huang, Y. B., Huber, P., Huo, W., Hussain, G., Jaffe, D. E., Jen, K. L., Ji, X. L., Ji, X. P., Johnson, R. A., Jones, D., Kang, L., Kettell, S. H., Koerner, L. W., Kohn, S., Kramer, M., Langford, T. J., Lebanowski, L., Lee, J., Lee, J. H. C., Lei, R. T., Leitner, R., Leung, J. K. C., Li, C., Li, F., Li, H. L., Li, Q. J., Li, S., Li, S. C., Li, S. J., Li, W. D., Li, X. N., Li, X. Q., Li, Y. F., Li, Z. B., Liang, H., Lin, C. J., Lin, G. L., Lin, S., Lin, S. K., Lin, Y. -C., Ling, J. J., Link, J. M., Littenberg, L., Littlejohn, B. R., Liu, J. C., Liu, J. L., Liu, Y., Liu, Y. H., Loh, C. W., Lu, C., Lu, H. Q., Lu, J. S., Luk, K. B., Ma, X. B., Ma, X. Y., Ma, Y. Q., Malyshkin, Y., Marshall, C., Martinez Caicedo, D. A., McDonald, K. T., McKeown, R. D., Mitchell, I., Mora Lepin, L., Napolitano, J., Naumov, D., Naumova, E., Ochoa-Ricoux, J. P., Olshevskiy, A., Pan, H. -R., Park, J., Patton, S., Pec, V., Peng, J. C., Pinsky, L., Pun, C. S. J., Qi, F. Z., Qi, M., Qian, X., Qiu, R. M., Raper, N., Ren, J., Rosero, R., Roskovec, B., Ruan, X. C., Steiner, H., Sun, J. L., Treskov, K., Tse, W. -H., Tull, C. E., Viren, B., Vorobel, V., Wang, C. H., Wang, J., Wang, M., Wang, N. Y., Wang, R. G., Wang, W., Wang, W., Wang, X., Wang, Y. F., Wang, Z., Wang, Z., Wang, Z. M., Wei, H. Y., Wei, L. H., Wen, L. J., Whisnant, K., White, C. G., Wise, T., Wong, H. L. H., Wong, S. C. F., Worcester, E., Wu, Q., Wu, W. J., Xia, D. M., Xing, Z. Z., Xu, J. L., Xue, T., Yang, C. G., Yang, H., Yang, L., Yang, M. S., Yang, M. T., Yang, Y. Z., Ye, M., Yeh, M., Young, B. L., Yu, H. Z., Yu, Z. Y., Yue, B. B., Zeng, S., Zhan, L., Zhang, C., Zhang, C. C., Zhang, F. Y., Zhang, H. H., Zhang, J. W., Zhang, Q. M., Zhang, R., Zhang, X. F., Zhang, X. T., Zhang, Y. M., Zhang, Y. M., Zhang, Y. X., Zhang, Y. Y., Zhang, Z. J., Zhang, Z. P., Zhang, Z. Y., Zhao, J., Zheng, P., Zhou, L., Zhuang, H. L., Zou, J. H., & Daya Bay Collaboration. Improved measurement of the reactor antineutrino flux at Daya Bay. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.100.052004.
Adey, D., An, F. P., Balantekin, A. B., Band, H. R., Bishai, M., Blyth, S., Cao, D., Cao, G. F., Cao, J., Chan, Y. L., Chang, J. F., Chang, Y., Chen, H. S., Chen, S. M., Chen, Y., Chen, Y. X., Cheng, J., Cheng, Z. K., Cherwinka, J. J., Chu, M. C., Chukanov, A., Cummings, J. P., Deng, F. S., Ding, Y. Y., Diwan, M. V., Dolgareva, M., Dove, J., Dwyer, D. A., Edwards, W. R., Gonchar, M., Gong, G. H., Gong, H., Gu, W. Q., Guo, L., Guo, X. H., Guo, Y. H., Guo, Z., Hackenburg, R. W., Hans, S., He, M., Heeger, K. M., Heng, Y. K., Higuera, A., Hsiung, Y. B., Hu, B. Z., Hu, T., Hu, Z. J., Huang, H. X., Huang, X. T., Huang, Y. B., Huber, P., Huo, W., Hussain, G., Jaffe, D. E., Jen, K. L., Ji, X. L., Ji, X. P., Johnson, R. A., Jones, D., Kang, L., Kettell, S. H., Koerner, L. W., Kohn, S., Kramer, M., Langford, T. J., Lebanowski, L., Lee, J., Lee, J. H. C., Lei, R. T., Leitner, R., Leung, J. K. C., Li, C., Li, F., Li, H. L., Li, Q. J., Li, S., Li, S. C., Li, S. J., Li, W. D., Li, X. N., Li, X. Q., Li, Y. F., Li, Z. B., Liang, H., Lin, C. J., Lin, G. L., Lin, S., Lin, S. K., Lin, Y. -C., Ling, J. J., Link, J. M., Littenberg, L., Littlejohn, B. R., Liu, J. C., Liu, J. L., Liu, Y., Liu, Y. H., Loh, C. W., Lu, C., Lu, H. Q., Lu, J. S., Luk, K. B., Ma, X. B., Ma, X. Y., Ma, Y. Q., Malyshkin, Y., Marshall, C., Martinez Caicedo, D. A., McDonald, K. T., McKeown, R. D., Mitchell, I., Mora Lepin, L., Napolitano, J., Naumov, D., Naumova, E., Ochoa-Ricoux, J. P., Olshevskiy, A., Pan, H. -R., Park, J., Patton, S., Pec, V., Peng, J. C., Pinsky, L., Pun, C. S. J., Qi, F. Z., Qi, M., Qian, X., Qiu, R. M., Raper, N., Ren, J., Rosero, R., Roskovec, B., Ruan, X. C., Steiner, H., Sun, J. L., Treskov, K., Tse, W. -H., Tull, C. E., Viren, B., Vorobel, V., Wang, C. H., Wang, J., Wang, M., Wang, N. Y., Wang, R. G., Wang, W., Wang, W., Wang, X., Wang, Y. F., Wang, Z., Wang, Z., Wang, Z. M., Wei, H. Y., Wei, L. H., Wen, L. J., Whisnant, K., White, C. G., Wise, T., Wong, H. L. H., Wong, S. C. F., Worcester, E., Wu, Q., Wu, W. J., Xia, D. M., Xing, Z. Z., Xu, J. L., Xue, T., Yang, C. G., Yang, H., Yang, L., Yang, M. S., Yang, M. T., Yang, Y. Z., Ye, M., Yeh, M., Young, B. L., Yu, H. Z., Yu, Z. Y., Yue, B. B., Zeng, S., Zhan, L., Zhang, C., Zhang, C. C., Zhang, F. Y., Zhang, H. H., Zhang, J. W., Zhang, Q. M., Zhang, R., Zhang, X. F., Zhang, X. T., Zhang, Y. M., Zhang, Y. M., Zhang, Y. X., Zhang, Y. Y., Zhang, Z. J., Zhang, Z. P., Zhang, Z. Y., Zhao, J., Zheng, P., Zhou, L., Zhuang, H. L., Zou, J. H., and Daya Bay Collaboration. Mon . "Improved measurement of the reactor antineutrino flux at Daya Bay". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.100.052004.
@article{osti_1560776,
title = {Improved measurement of the reactor antineutrino flux at Daya Bay},
author = {Adey, D. and An, F. P. and Balantekin, A. B. and Band, H. R. and Bishai, M. and Blyth, S. and Cao, D. and Cao, G. F. and Cao, J. and Chan, Y. L. and Chang, J. F. and Chang, Y. and Chen, H. S. and Chen, S. M. and Chen, Y. and Chen, Y. X. and Cheng, J. and Cheng, Z. K. and Cherwinka, J. J. and Chu, M. C. and Chukanov, A. and Cummings, J. P. and Deng, F. S. and Ding, Y. Y. and Diwan, M. V. and Dolgareva, M. and Dove, J. and Dwyer, D. A. and Edwards, W. R. and Gonchar, M. and Gong, G. H. and Gong, H. and Gu, W. Q. and Guo, L. and Guo, X. H. and Guo, Y. H. and Guo, Z. and Hackenburg, R. W. and Hans, S. and He, M. and Heeger, K. M. and Heng, Y. K. and Higuera, A. and Hsiung, Y. B. and Hu, B. Z. and Hu, T. and Hu, Z. J. and Huang, H. X. and Huang, X. T. and Huang, Y. B. and Huber, P. and Huo, W. and Hussain, G. and Jaffe, D. E. and Jen, K. L. and Ji, X. L. and Ji, X. P. and Johnson, R. A. and Jones, D. and Kang, L. and Kettell, S. H. and Koerner, L. W. and Kohn, S. and Kramer, M. and Langford, T. J. and Lebanowski, L. and Lee, J. and Lee, J. H. C. and Lei, R. T. and Leitner, R. and Leung, J. K. C. and Li, C. and Li, F. and Li, H. L. and Li, Q. J. and Li, S. and Li, S. C. and Li, S. J. and Li, W. D. and Li, X. N. and Li, X. Q. and Li, Y. F. and Li, Z. B. and Liang, H. and Lin, C. J. and Lin, G. L. and Lin, S. and Lin, S. K. and Lin, Y. -C. and Ling, J. J. and Link, J. M. and Littenberg, L. and Littlejohn, B. R. and Liu, J. C. and Liu, J. L. and Liu, Y. and Liu, Y. H. and Loh, C. W. and Lu, C. and Lu, H. Q. and Lu, J. S. and Luk, K. B. and Ma, X. B. and Ma, X. Y. and Ma, Y. Q. and Malyshkin, Y. and Marshall, C. and Martinez Caicedo, D. A. and McDonald, K. T. and McKeown, R. D. and Mitchell, I. and Mora Lepin, L. and Napolitano, J. and Naumov, D. and Naumova, E. and Ochoa-Ricoux, J. P. and Olshevskiy, A. and Pan, H. -R. and Park, J. and Patton, S. and Pec, V. and Peng, J. C. and Pinsky, L. and Pun, C. S. J. and Qi, F. Z. and Qi, M. and Qian, X. and Qiu, R. M. and Raper, N. and Ren, J. and Rosero, R. and Roskovec, B. and Ruan, X. C. and Steiner, H. and Sun, J. L. and Treskov, K. and Tse, W. -H. and Tull, C. E. and Viren, B. and Vorobel, V. and Wang, C. H. and Wang, J. and Wang, M. and Wang, N. Y. and Wang, R. G. and Wang, W. and Wang, W. and Wang, X. and Wang, Y. F. and Wang, Z. and Wang, Z. and Wang, Z. M. and Wei, H. Y. and Wei, L. H. and Wen, L. J. and Whisnant, K. and White, C. G. and Wise, T. and Wong, H. L. H. and Wong, S. C. F. and Worcester, E. and Wu, Q. and Wu, W. J. and Xia, D. M. and Xing, Z. Z. and Xu, J. L. and Xue, T. and Yang, C. G. and Yang, H. and Yang, L. and Yang, M. S. and Yang, M. T. and Yang, Y. Z. and Ye, M. and Yeh, M. and Young, B. L. and Yu, H. Z. and Yu, Z. Y. and Yue, B. B. and Zeng, S. and Zhan, L. and Zhang, C. and Zhang, C. C. and Zhang, F. Y. and Zhang, H. H. and Zhang, J. W. and Zhang, Q. M. and Zhang, R. and Zhang, X. F. and Zhang, X. T. and Zhang, Y. M. and Zhang, Y. M. and Zhang, Y. X. and Zhang, Y. Y. and Zhang, Z. J. and Zhang, Z. P. and Zhang, Z. Y. and Zhao, J. and Zheng, P. and Zhou, L. and Zhuang, H. L. and Zou, J. H. and Daya Bay Collaboration},
abstractNote = {This work reports a precise measurement of the reactor antineutrino flux using 2.2 million inverse beta decay (IBD) events collected with the Daya Bay near detectors in 1230 days. The dominant uncertainty on the neutron detection efficiency is reduced by 56% with respect to the previous measurement through a comprehensive neutron calibration and detailed data and simulation analysis. The new average IBD yield is determined to be (5.91±0.09)×10-43 cm2/fission with total uncertainty improved by 29%. The corresponding mean fission fractions from the four main fission isotopes 235U, 238U, 239Pu, and 241Pu are 0.564, 0.076, 0.304, and 0.056, respectively. The ratio of measured to predicted antineutrino yield is found to be 0.952±0.014±0.023 (1.001±0.015±0.027) for the Huber-Mueller (ILL-Vogel) model, where the first and second uncertainty are experimental and theoretical model uncertainty, respectively. This measurement confirms the discrepancy between the world average of reactor antineutrino flux and the Huber-Mueller model.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.100.052004},
journal = {Physical Review D},
issn = {2470-0010},
number = 5,
volume = 100,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {9}
}

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Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1103/PhysRevD.100.052004

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Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1 FIG. 1: Schematic diagram of the Daya Bay antineutrino detector. On the top, three automated calibration unit (ACU-A, B, and C), are installed. The three related vertical calibration axes are shown as the dashed lines, with all the locations of the calibration points highlighted.

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