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Title: Maximizing the Performance of a 3D Printed Heat Sink by Accounting for Anisotropic Thermal Conductivity During Filament Deposition

Abstract

Newly developed high thermal conductivity polymer composite 3D printing filaments are used to characterize the thermal properties as a function of print orientation. The thermal conductivity of a printed part is anisotropic and varies by 2-6 times depending on the print direction - demonstrating higher conductivity in the deposition direction (in-plane) than in the two directions perpendicular to the deposition direction (cross-plane and through-plane). Therefore, deposition path planning greatly affects the overall heat dissipation rate and the performance of the heat sink. Traditionally, 3D printing slicers generate deposition paths based solely on geometric constraints. This work investigates a new approach of deposition path planning assisted by computational predictions of the heat sink thermal performance. The proposed approach uses a thermal simulation of a 3D-printed part, accounting for the anisotropic thermal properties, and the orientation of the local material properties are assigned based on the deposition path in multiple print orientations. The performances predicted via the simulations are compared, and the optimal deposition path is determined. For the highest thermal conductivity 3D printing filament (~ 12 W/m- K in-plane), a heat sink printed with the print direction parallel to the fins z-axis had ~20% improved performance in comparison to a heatmore » sink with print direction perpendicular to the fins z-axis. Moreover, a plastic 3D printed heat sink was able to perform within 7% of an extruded Aluminum heat sink with similar geometry under natural convection. The computational predictions show the same trend as experimental measurements using 3D printed heat sinks.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [3]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. ORNL
  2. Georgia Institute of Technology
  3. TCPoly
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1560483
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 18th IEEE Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems (IEEE ITherm 2019) - Las Vegas, Nevada, United States of America - 5/28/2019 8:00:00 AM-5/31/2019 8:00:00 AM
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Smith, Matthew K., Kim, Pum, Lambert, Alexander, Walde, Maxwell, Lindahl, John, Mungale, Kaustubh V., Bougher, Thomas, Hassen, Ahmed, and Kunc, Vlastimil. Maximizing the Performance of a 3D Printed Heat Sink by Accounting for Anisotropic Thermal Conductivity During Filament Deposition. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1109/ITHERM.2019.8757285.
Smith, Matthew K., Kim, Pum, Lambert, Alexander, Walde, Maxwell, Lindahl, John, Mungale, Kaustubh V., Bougher, Thomas, Hassen, Ahmed, & Kunc, Vlastimil. Maximizing the Performance of a 3D Printed Heat Sink by Accounting for Anisotropic Thermal Conductivity During Filament Deposition. United States. doi:10.1109/ITHERM.2019.8757285.
Smith, Matthew K., Kim, Pum, Lambert, Alexander, Walde, Maxwell, Lindahl, John, Mungale, Kaustubh V., Bougher, Thomas, Hassen, Ahmed, and Kunc, Vlastimil. Wed . "Maximizing the Performance of a 3D Printed Heat Sink by Accounting for Anisotropic Thermal Conductivity During Filament Deposition". United States. doi:10.1109/ITHERM.2019.8757285. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1560483.
@article{osti_1560483,
title = {Maximizing the Performance of a 3D Printed Heat Sink by Accounting for Anisotropic Thermal Conductivity During Filament Deposition},
author = {Smith, Matthew K. and Kim, Pum and Lambert, Alexander and Walde, Maxwell and Lindahl, John and Mungale, Kaustubh V. and Bougher, Thomas and Hassen, Ahmed and Kunc, Vlastimil},
abstractNote = {Newly developed high thermal conductivity polymer composite 3D printing filaments are used to characterize the thermal properties as a function of print orientation. The thermal conductivity of a printed part is anisotropic and varies by 2-6 times depending on the print direction - demonstrating higher conductivity in the deposition direction (in-plane) than in the two directions perpendicular to the deposition direction (cross-plane and through-plane). Therefore, deposition path planning greatly affects the overall heat dissipation rate and the performance of the heat sink. Traditionally, 3D printing slicers generate deposition paths based solely on geometric constraints. This work investigates a new approach of deposition path planning assisted by computational predictions of the heat sink thermal performance. The proposed approach uses a thermal simulation of a 3D-printed part, accounting for the anisotropic thermal properties, and the orientation of the local material properties are assigned based on the deposition path in multiple print orientations. The performances predicted via the simulations are compared, and the optimal deposition path is determined. For the highest thermal conductivity 3D printing filament (~ 12 W/m- K in-plane), a heat sink printed with the print direction parallel to the fins z-axis had ~20% improved performance in comparison to a heat sink with print direction perpendicular to the fins z-axis. Moreover, a plastic 3D printed heat sink was able to perform within 7% of an extruded Aluminum heat sink with similar geometry under natural convection. The computational predictions show the same trend as experimental measurements using 3D printed heat sinks.},
doi = {10.1109/ITHERM.2019.8757285},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {5}
}

Conference:
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