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Title: Generation of High-Power, Reversed-Cherenkov Wakefield Radiation in a Metamaterial Structure

Abstract

We present the first demonstration of high-power, reversed-Cherenkov wakefield radiation by electron bunches passing through a metamaterial structure. The structure supports a fundamental transverse magnetic mode with a negative group velocity leading to reversed-Cherenkov radiation, which was clearly verified in the experiments. Single 45 nC electron bunches of 65 MeV traversing the structure generated up to 25 MW in 2 ns pulses at 11.4 GHz, in excellent agreement with theory. Two bunches of 85 nC with appropriate temporal spacing generated up to 80 MW by coherent wakefield superposition, the highest rf power that metamaterial structures ever experienced without damage. These results demonstrate the unique features of metamaterial structures that are very attractive for future high-gradient wakefield accelerators, including two-beam and collinear accelerators. Advantages include the high shunt impedance for high-power generation and high-gradient acceleration, the simple and rugged structure, and a large parameter space for optimization.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science - Office of High Energy Physics; USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1559272
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 122; Journal Issue: 1
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Lu, Xueying, Shapiro, Michael A., Matstovsky, Ivan, Temkin, Richard J., Conde, Manoel, Power, John G., Shao, Jiahang, Wisniewski, Eric E., and Jing, Chunguang. Generation of High-Power, Reversed-Cherenkov Wakefield Radiation in a Metamaterial Structure. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.014801.
Lu, Xueying, Shapiro, Michael A., Matstovsky, Ivan, Temkin, Richard J., Conde, Manoel, Power, John G., Shao, Jiahang, Wisniewski, Eric E., & Jing, Chunguang. Generation of High-Power, Reversed-Cherenkov Wakefield Radiation in a Metamaterial Structure. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.014801.
Lu, Xueying, Shapiro, Michael A., Matstovsky, Ivan, Temkin, Richard J., Conde, Manoel, Power, John G., Shao, Jiahang, Wisniewski, Eric E., and Jing, Chunguang. Mon . "Generation of High-Power, Reversed-Cherenkov Wakefield Radiation in a Metamaterial Structure". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.014801.
@article{osti_1559272,
title = {Generation of High-Power, Reversed-Cherenkov Wakefield Radiation in a Metamaterial Structure},
author = {Lu, Xueying and Shapiro, Michael A. and Matstovsky, Ivan and Temkin, Richard J. and Conde, Manoel and Power, John G. and Shao, Jiahang and Wisniewski, Eric E. and Jing, Chunguang},
abstractNote = {We present the first demonstration of high-power, reversed-Cherenkov wakefield radiation by electron bunches passing through a metamaterial structure. The structure supports a fundamental transverse magnetic mode with a negative group velocity leading to reversed-Cherenkov radiation, which was clearly verified in the experiments. Single 45 nC electron bunches of 65 MeV traversing the structure generated up to 25 MW in 2 ns pulses at 11.4 GHz, in excellent agreement with theory. Two bunches of 85 nC with appropriate temporal spacing generated up to 80 MW by coherent wakefield superposition, the highest rf power that metamaterial structures ever experienced without damage. These results demonstrate the unique features of metamaterial structures that are very attractive for future high-gradient wakefield accelerators, including two-beam and collinear accelerators. Advantages include the high shunt impedance for high-power generation and high-gradient acceleration, the simple and rugged structure, and a large parameter space for optimization.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.014801},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 1,
volume = 122,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {1}
}