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Title: Coal-fueled Pressurized Chemical Looping Combustion with a Spouting Fluidized Bed

Abstract

The goal of this final project report is to comprehensively summarize the work conducted on project DE-FE0025098. In accordance with the Statement of Project Objectives (SOPO), the University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Research (UKy-CAER) (Recipient) has developed a coal-based combined cycle integrated with a pressurized chemical looping combustion (PCLC) technology to achieve high plant efficiency while capturing CO2 at low cost. The project involved the design, fabrication, commissioning, parametric testing, and performance validation of the spouted bed approach as coal feeding to narrow the major near-term technical gaps that impede the application of PCLC into solid fuel and scale-up. Specifically, UKy-CAER provided detailed front-end design of a 50 kWth PCLC facility, produced approximately 500 lbs of oxygen carrier (OC) from industrial by-product, Red Mud in addition to commercially available ilmenite, and completed a 70+ hour-long experimental campaign to evaluate the coal feed system and performance and flexibility of the 50 kWth facility with various coal, operating pressures, fluidization agent, and OCs. Project results verified UKy-CAER’s proposed approach to address the major technical gaps of solid-fueled PCLC technology which includes: (1) cost-effective materials for OCs with high reactivity, cyclic capacity, chemical stability, and high resistance to agglomeration with coalmore » ash; (2) fast reaction rates during solid-solid chemical looping combustion (CLC) for reduction of the OC inventory and reactor size; (3) simple and effective ash separation from binary mixtures of the OCs and solid fuel ash; (4) spouting bed coal feeding to suppress OC agglomeration in the reducer resulting from the initial coal devolatilization step, coal tar formation; and (5) pollutant removal to avoid sulfur accumulation in the system or their emission into the hot spent air stream which could result in a second train for SOx removal and potentially cause failure of the flue gas turbine blade. UKy-CAER’s economical cycling material and novel spouted bed reducer configuration shows promise, as summarized in this report, as an effective means for improved plant efficiency with reduced process complexity.« less

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Fossil Energy (FE)
OSTI Identifier:
1558796
Report Number(s):
DOE-UKY-25098
DOE Contract Number:  
FE0025098
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; 20 FOSSIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 42 ENGINEERING; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Liu, Kunlei, Omosebi, Ayokunle, Fan, Zhen, and Richburg, Lisa. Coal-fueled Pressurized Chemical Looping Combustion with a Spouting Fluidized Bed. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.2172/1558796.
Liu, Kunlei, Omosebi, Ayokunle, Fan, Zhen, & Richburg, Lisa. Coal-fueled Pressurized Chemical Looping Combustion with a Spouting Fluidized Bed. United States. doi:10.2172/1558796.
Liu, Kunlei, Omosebi, Ayokunle, Fan, Zhen, and Richburg, Lisa. Tue . "Coal-fueled Pressurized Chemical Looping Combustion with a Spouting Fluidized Bed". United States. doi:10.2172/1558796. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1558796.
@article{osti_1558796,
title = {Coal-fueled Pressurized Chemical Looping Combustion with a Spouting Fluidized Bed},
author = {Liu, Kunlei and Omosebi, Ayokunle and Fan, Zhen and Richburg, Lisa},
abstractNote = {The goal of this final project report is to comprehensively summarize the work conducted on project DE-FE0025098. In accordance with the Statement of Project Objectives (SOPO), the University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Research (UKy-CAER) (Recipient) has developed a coal-based combined cycle integrated with a pressurized chemical looping combustion (PCLC) technology to achieve high plant efficiency while capturing CO2 at low cost. The project involved the design, fabrication, commissioning, parametric testing, and performance validation of the spouted bed approach as coal feeding to narrow the major near-term technical gaps that impede the application of PCLC into solid fuel and scale-up. Specifically, UKy-CAER provided detailed front-end design of a 50 kWth PCLC facility, produced approximately 500 lbs of oxygen carrier (OC) from industrial by-product, Red Mud in addition to commercially available ilmenite, and completed a 70+ hour-long experimental campaign to evaluate the coal feed system and performance and flexibility of the 50 kWth facility with various coal, operating pressures, fluidization agent, and OCs. Project results verified UKy-CAER’s proposed approach to address the major technical gaps of solid-fueled PCLC technology which includes: (1) cost-effective materials for OCs with high reactivity, cyclic capacity, chemical stability, and high resistance to agglomeration with coal ash; (2) fast reaction rates during solid-solid chemical looping combustion (CLC) for reduction of the OC inventory and reactor size; (3) simple and effective ash separation from binary mixtures of the OCs and solid fuel ash; (4) spouting bed coal feeding to suppress OC agglomeration in the reducer resulting from the initial coal devolatilization step, coal tar formation; and (5) pollutant removal to avoid sulfur accumulation in the system or their emission into the hot spent air stream which could result in a second train for SOx removal and potentially cause failure of the flue gas turbine blade. UKy-CAER’s economical cycling material and novel spouted bed reducer configuration shows promise, as summarized in this report, as an effective means for improved plant efficiency with reduced process complexity.},
doi = {10.2172/1558796},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {8}
}