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Title: RCCS Testing with the Water-based NSTF: Year-1 Single-Phase Results

Abstract

Under support from the Department of Energy (DOE) and the Office of Advanced Reactor Technologies (ART), a large scale test facility has been constructed to generate validation data for passive decay heat removal systems of advanced reactors. Located at Argonne National Laboratory, the Natural convection Shutdown heat removal Test Facility (NSTF) reflects key features of a ½ scale, water-based, Reactor Cavity Cooling System (RCCS). This report serves as a summary of the single-phase testing results obtained during the programs first year of matrix testing. An introduction to the high-level program objectives is first presented, followed by a brief summary of facility design, instrumentation, and control systems. Details of the NQA-1 driven test method are included, which govern the programs quality assurance requirements and provide a background for the testing strategy and procedures. Checkout activities, including verification of gross system mass and energy balances, heat loss quantification, and isothermal facility characterization, were performed early in the first year and results presented in this report. These tests have identified relevant facility characteristics such as K-factors, frictional pressure losses, parasitic heat loss rates, and transient heating response. Results are then presented from four accepted matrix tests where the facility established a steady-state, single-phasemore » mode of flow operation. All matrix tests were performed with an identical top-level procedure: first initiating a heater power ramp to target levels, and then holding power levels constant until the facilities structural members and network piping reached thermal equilibrium. Upon obtaining stable thermal and hydraulic conditions, active cooling was initiated off of the bulk storage tank to maintain constant riser inlet temperatures of 30°C. This steady-state period was then held for a minimum required duration, at which point the heaters were ramped down and test concluded. The two baseline tests completed reflect conditions prototypic to the full scale plant at both normal operation, and design basis Depressurized Loss of Forced Cooling (DLOFC) conditions. These parameters are defined by full RCCS decay heat loads of 1.4 MWt and 2.1 MWt, which translate to NSTF scale thermal power levels of 34.4 kWt and 51.6 kWt, respectively. Two additional tests were also conducted, which repeated baseline cases but included modification by single parameter variations in decay heat load, or heater power, at 700 kWt, and 2.8 MWt. Finally, a scoping test was performed to demonstrate the facilities ability to operate in a two-phase mode of operation. The facility successfully operated for a 3-hour period at this mode, reaching peak inventory temperatures of 105°C and condensing approximately 50 gallons of boil-off inventory. The testing parameters for this demonstration were based off the design basis DLOFC condition, and will be the reference for new baseline cases as the program moves forward with two-phase matrix testing.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy - Office of Nuclear Reactor Technologies - Advanced Reactor Technologies (ART)
OSTI Identifier:
1558600
Report Number(s):
ANL-ART-175
154219
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Lisowski, D., Lv, Q., Hu, R., Kraus, A., Bremer, N., Kilsdonk, D. J., and Farmer, M. RCCS Testing with the Water-based NSTF: Year-1 Single-Phase Results. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.2172/1558600.
Lisowski, D., Lv, Q., Hu, R., Kraus, A., Bremer, N., Kilsdonk, D. J., & Farmer, M. RCCS Testing with the Water-based NSTF: Year-1 Single-Phase Results. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1558600
Lisowski, D., Lv, Q., Hu, R., Kraus, A., Bremer, N., Kilsdonk, D. J., and Farmer, M. Thu . "RCCS Testing with the Water-based NSTF: Year-1 Single-Phase Results". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1558600. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1558600.
@article{osti_1558600,
title = {RCCS Testing with the Water-based NSTF: Year-1 Single-Phase Results},
author = {Lisowski, D. and Lv, Q. and Hu, R. and Kraus, A. and Bremer, N. and Kilsdonk, D. J. and Farmer, M.},
abstractNote = {Under support from the Department of Energy (DOE) and the Office of Advanced Reactor Technologies (ART), a large scale test facility has been constructed to generate validation data for passive decay heat removal systems of advanced reactors. Located at Argonne National Laboratory, the Natural convection Shutdown heat removal Test Facility (NSTF) reflects key features of a ½ scale, water-based, Reactor Cavity Cooling System (RCCS). This report serves as a summary of the single-phase testing results obtained during the programs first year of matrix testing. An introduction to the high-level program objectives is first presented, followed by a brief summary of facility design, instrumentation, and control systems. Details of the NQA-1 driven test method are included, which govern the programs quality assurance requirements and provide a background for the testing strategy and procedures. Checkout activities, including verification of gross system mass and energy balances, heat loss quantification, and isothermal facility characterization, were performed early in the first year and results presented in this report. These tests have identified relevant facility characteristics such as K-factors, frictional pressure losses, parasitic heat loss rates, and transient heating response. Results are then presented from four accepted matrix tests where the facility established a steady-state, single-phase mode of flow operation. All matrix tests were performed with an identical top-level procedure: first initiating a heater power ramp to target levels, and then holding power levels constant until the facilities structural members and network piping reached thermal equilibrium. Upon obtaining stable thermal and hydraulic conditions, active cooling was initiated off of the bulk storage tank to maintain constant riser inlet temperatures of 30°C. This steady-state period was then held for a minimum required duration, at which point the heaters were ramped down and test concluded. The two baseline tests completed reflect conditions prototypic to the full scale plant at both normal operation, and design basis Depressurized Loss of Forced Cooling (DLOFC) conditions. These parameters are defined by full RCCS decay heat loads of 1.4 MWt and 2.1 MWt, which translate to NSTF scale thermal power levels of 34.4 kWt and 51.6 kWt, respectively. Two additional tests were also conducted, which repeated baseline cases but included modification by single parameter variations in decay heat load, or heater power, at 700 kWt, and 2.8 MWt. Finally, a scoping test was performed to demonstrate the facilities ability to operate in a two-phase mode of operation. The facility successfully operated for a 3-hour period at this mode, reaching peak inventory temperatures of 105°C and condensing approximately 50 gallons of boil-off inventory. The testing parameters for this demonstration were based off the design basis DLOFC condition, and will be the reference for new baseline cases as the program moves forward with two-phase matrix testing.},
doi = {10.2172/1558600},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1558600}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {8}
}