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Title: Deciphering the Reaction Mechanism of Lithium–Sulfur Batteries by In Situ/Operando Synchrotron-Based Characterization Techniques

Abstract

Lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries have received extensive attention as one of the most promising next-generation energy storage systems, mainly because of their high theoretical energy density and low cost. Yet, the practical application of Li-S batteries has been hindered by technical obstacles arising from the polysulfide shuttle effect and poor electronic conductivity of sulfur and discharge products. Therefore, it is of critical significance for understanding the underlying reaction mechanism of Li-S batteries to circumvent these problems and improve the overall battery performance. Advanced characterization techniques, especially synchrotron-based X-ray techniques, have been widely applied to the mechanistic understanding of Li-S batteries. Specifically, in situ/operando synchrotron-based techniques allows chemical and structural evolution to be directly observed under real operation conditions. Here, current progress in the understanding of the operating principles of Li-S batteries based on in situ/operando synchrotron-based techniques, including X-ray absorption spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and X-ray microscopy, is reviewed. The aim of this progress report is to provide a comprehensive treatise on in situ/operando synchrotron-based techniques for mechanism understanding of Li-S batteries, and thereby provide guidance for optimizing their overall electrochemical performances.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2]
  1. Soochow Univ., Suzhou (China)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V); Collaborative Innovation Center of Suzhou Nano Science and Technology (NANO-CIC)
OSTI Identifier:
1558085
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1501943
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; AC02‐06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Energy Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 18; Journal ID: ISSN 1614-6832
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; electrochemical reaction mechanism; in-situ/operando; lithium-sulfur batteries; spectroscopy and microscopy; synchrotron radiation

Citation Formats

Yan, Yingying, Cheng, Chen, Zhang, Liang, Li, Yanguang, and Lu, Jun. Deciphering the Reaction Mechanism of Lithium–Sulfur Batteries by In Situ/Operando Synchrotron-Based Characterization Techniques. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1002/aenm.201900148.
Yan, Yingying, Cheng, Chen, Zhang, Liang, Li, Yanguang, & Lu, Jun. Deciphering the Reaction Mechanism of Lithium–Sulfur Batteries by In Situ/Operando Synchrotron-Based Characterization Techniques. United States. doi:10.1002/aenm.201900148.
Yan, Yingying, Cheng, Chen, Zhang, Liang, Li, Yanguang, and Lu, Jun. Mon . "Deciphering the Reaction Mechanism of Lithium–Sulfur Batteries by In Situ/Operando Synchrotron-Based Characterization Techniques". United States. doi:10.1002/aenm.201900148.
@article{osti_1558085,
title = {Deciphering the Reaction Mechanism of Lithium–Sulfur Batteries by In Situ/Operando Synchrotron-Based Characterization Techniques},
author = {Yan, Yingying and Cheng, Chen and Zhang, Liang and Li, Yanguang and Lu, Jun},
abstractNote = {Lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries have received extensive attention as one of the most promising next-generation energy storage systems, mainly because of their high theoretical energy density and low cost. Yet, the practical application of Li-S batteries has been hindered by technical obstacles arising from the polysulfide shuttle effect and poor electronic conductivity of sulfur and discharge products. Therefore, it is of critical significance for understanding the underlying reaction mechanism of Li-S batteries to circumvent these problems and improve the overall battery performance. Advanced characterization techniques, especially synchrotron-based X-ray techniques, have been widely applied to the mechanistic understanding of Li-S batteries. Specifically, in situ/operando synchrotron-based techniques allows chemical and structural evolution to be directly observed under real operation conditions. Here, current progress in the understanding of the operating principles of Li-S batteries based on in situ/operando synchrotron-based techniques, including X-ray absorption spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and X-ray microscopy, is reviewed. The aim of this progress report is to provide a comprehensive treatise on in situ/operando synchrotron-based techniques for mechanism understanding of Li-S batteries, and thereby provide guidance for optimizing their overall electrochemical performances.},
doi = {10.1002/aenm.201900148},
journal = {Advanced Energy Materials},
issn = {1614-6832},
number = 18,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {3}
}

Journal Article:
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