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Title: From charge storage mechanism to performance: A roadmap toward high specific energy sodium-ion batteries through carbon-anode optimization

Abstract

Serious critical issues hamper the arrival on the market of sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) as a lower cost substitute to Li-ion batteries (LIBs). Among these, the negligible sodium uptake into graphite, which is the keystone of the present LIB technology, appears to be one of the toughest to tackle. Although hard carbon is known for years as one of the best substitutes, its performance remains below that of graphite in Li-ion batteries, while its mechanism of sodium storage is still under debate. Many other carbons are studied since a few years, some of which presenting capacities far beyond that of graphite. However, they tend to present larger voltage and high first cycle loss, leading to limited benefit in terms of specific energy at full cell level. Overcoming this preoccupying tradeoff requires a deep understanding of the charge storage mechanisms and the correlation between structure, microstructure and performance. The present Review aims at bringing light to this question by drawing a roadmap of the emerging routes for the optimization of carbon materials as SIB anode, on the basis of a critical survey of their reported electrochemical performance and charge storage mechanisms.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. CIC energiGUNE
  2. BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1557226
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-130836
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Advanced Energy Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 17
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Saurel, Damien, Orayech, Brahim, Xiao, Biwei, Carriazo, Daniel, Li, Xiaolin, and Rojo, Teofilo. From charge storage mechanism to performance: A roadmap toward high specific energy sodium-ion batteries through carbon-anode optimization. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/aenm.201703268.
Saurel, Damien, Orayech, Brahim, Xiao, Biwei, Carriazo, Daniel, Li, Xiaolin, & Rojo, Teofilo. From charge storage mechanism to performance: A roadmap toward high specific energy sodium-ion batteries through carbon-anode optimization. United States. doi:10.1002/aenm.201703268.
Saurel, Damien, Orayech, Brahim, Xiao, Biwei, Carriazo, Daniel, Li, Xiaolin, and Rojo, Teofilo. Fri . "From charge storage mechanism to performance: A roadmap toward high specific energy sodium-ion batteries through carbon-anode optimization". United States. doi:10.1002/aenm.201703268.
@article{osti_1557226,
title = {From charge storage mechanism to performance: A roadmap toward high specific energy sodium-ion batteries through carbon-anode optimization},
author = {Saurel, Damien and Orayech, Brahim and Xiao, Biwei and Carriazo, Daniel and Li, Xiaolin and Rojo, Teofilo},
abstractNote = {Serious critical issues hamper the arrival on the market of sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) as a lower cost substitute to Li-ion batteries (LIBs). Among these, the negligible sodium uptake into graphite, which is the keystone of the present LIB technology, appears to be one of the toughest to tackle. Although hard carbon is known for years as one of the best substitutes, its performance remains below that of graphite in Li-ion batteries, while its mechanism of sodium storage is still under debate. Many other carbons are studied since a few years, some of which presenting capacities far beyond that of graphite. However, they tend to present larger voltage and high first cycle loss, leading to limited benefit in terms of specific energy at full cell level. Overcoming this preoccupying tradeoff requires a deep understanding of the charge storage mechanisms and the correlation between structure, microstructure and performance. The present Review aims at bringing light to this question by drawing a roadmap of the emerging routes for the optimization of carbon materials as SIB anode, on the basis of a critical survey of their reported electrochemical performance and charge storage mechanisms.},
doi = {10.1002/aenm.201703268},
journal = {Advanced Energy Materials},
number = 17,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

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