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Title: Search for a Stable Six-Quark State at BABAR

Abstract

Recent investigations have suggested that the six-quark combination uuddss could be a deeply bound state ( S) that has eluded detection so far, and a potential dark matter candidate. We report the first search for a stable, doubly strange six-quark state in Υ→ S$$\bar{Λ}\bar{Λ}$$ decays based on a sample of 90×10$$^{6}$$Υ(2S) and 110×10 6Υ(3S) decays collected by the BABAR experiment. No signal is observed, and 90% confidence level limits on the combined Υ(2 S,3 S) → S$$\bar{Λ}\bar{Λ}$$ branching fraction in the range (1.2-1.4) × 10 -7 are derived for mS < 2.05 GeV. These bounds set stringent limits on the existence of such exotic particles.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Contributing Org.:
BaBar Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1550864
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 122; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Lees, J. P., Poireau, V., Tisserand, V., Grauges, E., Palano, A., Eigen, G., Brown, D. N., Kolomensky, Yu. G., Fritsch, M., Koch, H., Schroeder, T., Hearty, C., Mattison, T. S., McKenna, J. A., So, R. Y., Blinov, V. E., Buzykaev, A. R., Druzhinin, V. P., Golubev, V. B., Kozyrev, E. A., Kravchenko, E. A., Onuchin, A. P., Serednyakov, S. I., Skovpen, Yu. I., Solodov, E. P., Todyshev, K. Yu., Lankford, A. J., Gary, J. W., Long, O., Eisner, A. M., Lockman, W. S., Panduro Vazquez, W., Chao, D. S., Cheng, C. H., Echenard, B., Flood, K. T., Hitlin, D. G., Kim, J., Li, Y., Miyashita, T. S., Ongmongkolkul, P., Porter, F. C., Röhrken, M., Huard, Z., Meadows, B. T., Pushpawela, B. G., Sokoloff, M. D., Sun, L., Smith, J. G., Wagner, S. R., Bernard, D., Verderi, M., Bettoni, D., Bozzi, C., Calabrese, R., Cibinetto, G., Fioravanti, E., Garzia, I., Luppi, E., Santoro, V., Calcaterra, A., de Sangro, R., Finocchiaro, G., Martellotti, S., Patteri, P., Peruzzi, I. M., Piccolo, M., Rotondo, M., Zallo, A., Passaggio, S., Patrignani, C., Lacker, H. M., Bhuyan, B., Mallik, U., Chen, C., Cochran, J., Prell, S., Gritsan, A. V., Arnaud, N., Davier, M., Le Diberder, F., Lutz, A. M., Wormser, G., Lange, D. J., Wright, D. M., Coleman, J. P., Gabathuler, E., Hutchcroft, D. E., Payne, D. J., Touramanis, C., Bevan, A. J., Di Lodovico, F., Sacco, R., Cowan, G., Banerjee, Sw., Brown, D. N., Davis, C. L., Denig, A. G., Gradl, W., Griessinger, K., Hafner, A., Schubert, K. R., Barlow, R. J., Lafferty, G. D., Cenci, R., Jawahery, A., Roberts, D. A., Cowan, R., Robertson, S. H., Seddon, R. M., Dey, B., Neri, N., Palombo, F., Cheaib, R., Cremaldi, L., Godang, R., Summers, D. J., Taras, P., De Nardo, G., Sciacca, C., Raven, G., Jessop, C. P., LoSecco, J. M., Honscheid, K., Kass, R., Gaz, A., Margoni, M., Posocco, M., Simi, G., Simonetto, F., Stroili, R., Akar, S., Ben-Haim, E., Bomben, M., Bonneaud, G. R., Calderini, G., Chauveau, J., Marchiori, G., Ocariz, J., Biasini, M., Manoni, E., Rossi, A., Batignani, G., Bettarini, S., Carpinelli, M., Casarosa, G., Chrzaszcz, M., Forti, F., Giorgi, M. A., Lusiani, A., Oberhof, B., Paoloni, E., Rama, M., Rizzo, G., Walsh, J. J., Zani, L., Smith, A. J. S., Anulli, F., Faccini, R., Ferrarotto, F., Ferroni, F., Pilloni, A., Piredda, G., Bünger, C., Dittrich, S., Grünberg, O., Heß, M., Leddig, T., Voß, C., Waldi, R., Adye, T., Wilson, F. F., Emery, S., Vasseur, G., Aston, D., Cartaro, C., Convery, M. R., Dorfan, J., Dunwoodie, W., Ebert, M., Field, R. C., Fulsom, B. G., Graham, M. T., Hast, C., Innes, W. R., Kim, P., Leith, D. W. G. S., Luitz, S., MacFarlane, D. B., Muller, D. R., Neal, H., Ratcliff, B. N., Roodman, A., Sullivan, M. K., Va’vra, J., Wisniewski, W. J., Purohit, M. V., Wilson, J. R., Randle-Conde, A., Sekula, S. J., Ahmed, H., Bellis, M., Burchat, P. R., Puccio, E. M. T., Alam, M. S., Ernst, J. A., Gorodeisky, R., Guttman, N., Peimer, D. R., Soffer, A., Spanier, S. M., Ritchie, J. L., Schwitters, R. F., Izen, J. M., Lou, X. C., Bianchi, F., De Mori, F., Filippi, A., Gamba, D., Lanceri, L., Vitale, L., Martinez-Vidal, F., Oyanguren, A., Albert, J., Beaulieu, A., Bernlochner, F. U., King, G. J., Kowalewski, R., Lueck, T., Nugent, I. M., Roney, J. M., Sobie, R. J., Tasneem, N., Gershon, T. J., Harrison, P. F., Latham, T. E., Prepost, R., and Wu, S. L. Search for a Stable Six-Quark State at BABAR. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/physrevlett.122.072002.
Lees, J. P., Poireau, V., Tisserand, V., Grauges, E., Palano, A., Eigen, G., Brown, D. N., Kolomensky, Yu. G., Fritsch, M., Koch, H., Schroeder, T., Hearty, C., Mattison, T. S., McKenna, J. A., So, R. Y., Blinov, V. E., Buzykaev, A. R., Druzhinin, V. P., Golubev, V. B., Kozyrev, E. A., Kravchenko, E. A., Onuchin, A. P., Serednyakov, S. I., Skovpen, Yu. I., Solodov, E. P., Todyshev, K. Yu., Lankford, A. J., Gary, J. W., Long, O., Eisner, A. M., Lockman, W. S., Panduro Vazquez, W., Chao, D. S., Cheng, C. H., Echenard, B., Flood, K. T., Hitlin, D. G., Kim, J., Li, Y., Miyashita, T. S., Ongmongkolkul, P., Porter, F. C., Röhrken, M., Huard, Z., Meadows, B. T., Pushpawela, B. G., Sokoloff, M. D., Sun, L., Smith, J. G., Wagner, S. R., Bernard, D., Verderi, M., Bettoni, D., Bozzi, C., Calabrese, R., Cibinetto, G., Fioravanti, E., Garzia, I., Luppi, E., Santoro, V., Calcaterra, A., de Sangro, R., Finocchiaro, G., Martellotti, S., Patteri, P., Peruzzi, I. M., Piccolo, M., Rotondo, M., Zallo, A., Passaggio, S., Patrignani, C., Lacker, H. M., Bhuyan, B., Mallik, U., Chen, C., Cochran, J., Prell, S., Gritsan, A. V., Arnaud, N., Davier, M., Le Diberder, F., Lutz, A. M., Wormser, G., Lange, D. J., Wright, D. M., Coleman, J. P., Gabathuler, E., Hutchcroft, D. E., Payne, D. J., Touramanis, C., Bevan, A. J., Di Lodovico, F., Sacco, R., Cowan, G., Banerjee, Sw., Brown, D. N., Davis, C. L., Denig, A. G., Gradl, W., Griessinger, K., Hafner, A., Schubert, K. R., Barlow, R. J., Lafferty, G. D., Cenci, R., Jawahery, A., Roberts, D. A., Cowan, R., Robertson, S. H., Seddon, R. M., Dey, B., Neri, N., Palombo, F., Cheaib, R., Cremaldi, L., Godang, R., Summers, D. J., Taras, P., De Nardo, G., Sciacca, C., Raven, G., Jessop, C. P., LoSecco, J. M., Honscheid, K., Kass, R., Gaz, A., Margoni, M., Posocco, M., Simi, G., Simonetto, F., Stroili, R., Akar, S., Ben-Haim, E., Bomben, M., Bonneaud, G. R., Calderini, G., Chauveau, J., Marchiori, G., Ocariz, J., Biasini, M., Manoni, E., Rossi, A., Batignani, G., Bettarini, S., Carpinelli, M., Casarosa, G., Chrzaszcz, M., Forti, F., Giorgi, M. A., Lusiani, A., Oberhof, B., Paoloni, E., Rama, M., Rizzo, G., Walsh, J. J., Zani, L., Smith, A. J. S., Anulli, F., Faccini, R., Ferrarotto, F., Ferroni, F., Pilloni, A., Piredda, G., Bünger, C., Dittrich, S., Grünberg, O., Heß, M., Leddig, T., Voß, C., Waldi, R., Adye, T., Wilson, F. F., Emery, S., Vasseur, G., Aston, D., Cartaro, C., Convery, M. R., Dorfan, J., Dunwoodie, W., Ebert, M., Field, R. C., Fulsom, B. G., Graham, M. T., Hast, C., Innes, W. R., Kim, P., Leith, D. W. G. S., Luitz, S., MacFarlane, D. B., Muller, D. R., Neal, H., Ratcliff, B. N., Roodman, A., Sullivan, M. K., Va’vra, J., Wisniewski, W. J., Purohit, M. V., Wilson, J. R., Randle-Conde, A., Sekula, S. J., Ahmed, H., Bellis, M., Burchat, P. R., Puccio, E. M. T., Alam, M. S., Ernst, J. A., Gorodeisky, R., Guttman, N., Peimer, D. R., Soffer, A., Spanier, S. M., Ritchie, J. L., Schwitters, R. F., Izen, J. M., Lou, X. C., Bianchi, F., De Mori, F., Filippi, A., Gamba, D., Lanceri, L., Vitale, L., Martinez-Vidal, F., Oyanguren, A., Albert, J., Beaulieu, A., Bernlochner, F. U., King, G. J., Kowalewski, R., Lueck, T., Nugent, I. M., Roney, J. M., Sobie, R. J., Tasneem, N., Gershon, T. J., Harrison, P. F., Latham, T. E., Prepost, R., & Wu, S. L. Search for a Stable Six-Quark State at BABAR. United States. doi:10.1103/physrevlett.122.072002.
Lees, J. P., Poireau, V., Tisserand, V., Grauges, E., Palano, A., Eigen, G., Brown, D. N., Kolomensky, Yu. G., Fritsch, M., Koch, H., Schroeder, T., Hearty, C., Mattison, T. S., McKenna, J. A., So, R. Y., Blinov, V. E., Buzykaev, A. R., Druzhinin, V. P., Golubev, V. B., Kozyrev, E. A., Kravchenko, E. A., Onuchin, A. P., Serednyakov, S. I., Skovpen, Yu. I., Solodov, E. P., Todyshev, K. Yu., Lankford, A. J., Gary, J. W., Long, O., Eisner, A. M., Lockman, W. S., Panduro Vazquez, W., Chao, D. S., Cheng, C. H., Echenard, B., Flood, K. T., Hitlin, D. G., Kim, J., Li, Y., Miyashita, T. S., Ongmongkolkul, P., Porter, F. C., Röhrken, M., Huard, Z., Meadows, B. T., Pushpawela, B. G., Sokoloff, M. D., Sun, L., Smith, J. G., Wagner, S. R., Bernard, D., Verderi, M., Bettoni, D., Bozzi, C., Calabrese, R., Cibinetto, G., Fioravanti, E., Garzia, I., Luppi, E., Santoro, V., Calcaterra, A., de Sangro, R., Finocchiaro, G., Martellotti, S., Patteri, P., Peruzzi, I. M., Piccolo, M., Rotondo, M., Zallo, A., Passaggio, S., Patrignani, C., Lacker, H. M., Bhuyan, B., Mallik, U., Chen, C., Cochran, J., Prell, S., Gritsan, A. V., Arnaud, N., Davier, M., Le Diberder, F., Lutz, A. M., Wormser, G., Lange, D. J., Wright, D. M., Coleman, J. P., Gabathuler, E., Hutchcroft, D. E., Payne, D. J., Touramanis, C., Bevan, A. J., Di Lodovico, F., Sacco, R., Cowan, G., Banerjee, Sw., Brown, D. N., Davis, C. L., Denig, A. G., Gradl, W., Griessinger, K., Hafner, A., Schubert, K. R., Barlow, R. J., Lafferty, G. D., Cenci, R., Jawahery, A., Roberts, D. A., Cowan, R., Robertson, S. H., Seddon, R. M., Dey, B., Neri, N., Palombo, F., Cheaib, R., Cremaldi, L., Godang, R., Summers, D. J., Taras, P., De Nardo, G., Sciacca, C., Raven, G., Jessop, C. P., LoSecco, J. M., Honscheid, K., Kass, R., Gaz, A., Margoni, M., Posocco, M., Simi, G., Simonetto, F., Stroili, R., Akar, S., Ben-Haim, E., Bomben, M., Bonneaud, G. R., Calderini, G., Chauveau, J., Marchiori, G., Ocariz, J., Biasini, M., Manoni, E., Rossi, A., Batignani, G., Bettarini, S., Carpinelli, M., Casarosa, G., Chrzaszcz, M., Forti, F., Giorgi, M. A., Lusiani, A., Oberhof, B., Paoloni, E., Rama, M., Rizzo, G., Walsh, J. J., Zani, L., Smith, A. J. S., Anulli, F., Faccini, R., Ferrarotto, F., Ferroni, F., Pilloni, A., Piredda, G., Bünger, C., Dittrich, S., Grünberg, O., Heß, M., Leddig, T., Voß, C., Waldi, R., Adye, T., Wilson, F. F., Emery, S., Vasseur, G., Aston, D., Cartaro, C., Convery, M. R., Dorfan, J., Dunwoodie, W., Ebert, M., Field, R. C., Fulsom, B. G., Graham, M. T., Hast, C., Innes, W. R., Kim, P., Leith, D. W. G. S., Luitz, S., MacFarlane, D. B., Muller, D. R., Neal, H., Ratcliff, B. N., Roodman, A., Sullivan, M. K., Va’vra, J., Wisniewski, W. J., Purohit, M. V., Wilson, J. R., Randle-Conde, A., Sekula, S. J., Ahmed, H., Bellis, M., Burchat, P. R., Puccio, E. M. T., Alam, M. S., Ernst, J. A., Gorodeisky, R., Guttman, N., Peimer, D. R., Soffer, A., Spanier, S. M., Ritchie, J. L., Schwitters, R. F., Izen, J. M., Lou, X. C., Bianchi, F., De Mori, F., Filippi, A., Gamba, D., Lanceri, L., Vitale, L., Martinez-Vidal, F., Oyanguren, A., Albert, J., Beaulieu, A., Bernlochner, F. U., King, G. J., Kowalewski, R., Lueck, T., Nugent, I. M., Roney, J. M., Sobie, R. J., Tasneem, N., Gershon, T. J., Harrison, P. F., Latham, T. E., Prepost, R., and Wu, S. L. Fri . "Search for a Stable Six-Quark State at BABAR". United States. doi:10.1103/physrevlett.122.072002.
@article{osti_1550864,
title = {Search for a Stable Six-Quark State at BABAR},
author = {Lees, J. P. and Poireau, V. and Tisserand, V. and Grauges, E. and Palano, A. and Eigen, G. and Brown, D. N. and Kolomensky, Yu. G. and Fritsch, M. and Koch, H. and Schroeder, T. and Hearty, C. and Mattison, T. S. and McKenna, J. A. and So, R. Y. and Blinov, V. E. and Buzykaev, A. R. and Druzhinin, V. P. and Golubev, V. B. and Kozyrev, E. A. and Kravchenko, E. A. and Onuchin, A. P. and Serednyakov, S. I. and Skovpen, Yu. I. and Solodov, E. P. and Todyshev, K. Yu. and Lankford, A. J. and Gary, J. W. and Long, O. and Eisner, A. M. and Lockman, W. S. and Panduro Vazquez, W. and Chao, D. S. and Cheng, C. H. and Echenard, B. and Flood, K. T. and Hitlin, D. G. and Kim, J. and Li, Y. and Miyashita, T. S. and Ongmongkolkul, P. and Porter, F. C. and Röhrken, M. and Huard, Z. and Meadows, B. T. and Pushpawela, B. G. and Sokoloff, M. D. and Sun, L. and Smith, J. G. and Wagner, S. R. and Bernard, D. and Verderi, M. and Bettoni, D. and Bozzi, C. and Calabrese, R. and Cibinetto, G. and Fioravanti, E. and Garzia, I. and Luppi, E. and Santoro, V. and Calcaterra, A. and de Sangro, R. and Finocchiaro, G. and Martellotti, S. and Patteri, P. and Peruzzi, I. M. and Piccolo, M. and Rotondo, M. and Zallo, A. and Passaggio, S. and Patrignani, C. and Lacker, H. M. and Bhuyan, B. and Mallik, U. and Chen, C. and Cochran, J. and Prell, S. and Gritsan, A. V. and Arnaud, N. and Davier, M. and Le Diberder, F. and Lutz, A. M. and Wormser, G. and Lange, D. J. and Wright, D. M. and Coleman, J. P. and Gabathuler, E. and Hutchcroft, D. E. and Payne, D. J. and Touramanis, C. and Bevan, A. J. and Di Lodovico, F. and Sacco, R. and Cowan, G. and Banerjee, Sw. and Brown, D. N. and Davis, C. L. and Denig, A. G. and Gradl, W. and Griessinger, K. and Hafner, A. and Schubert, K. R. and Barlow, R. J. and Lafferty, G. D. and Cenci, R. and Jawahery, A. and Roberts, D. A. and Cowan, R. and Robertson, S. H. and Seddon, R. M. and Dey, B. and Neri, N. and Palombo, F. and Cheaib, R. and Cremaldi, L. and Godang, R. and Summers, D. J. and Taras, P. and De Nardo, G. and Sciacca, C. and Raven, G. and Jessop, C. P. and LoSecco, J. M. and Honscheid, K. and Kass, R. and Gaz, A. and Margoni, M. and Posocco, M. and Simi, G. and Simonetto, F. and Stroili, R. and Akar, S. and Ben-Haim, E. and Bomben, M. and Bonneaud, G. R. and Calderini, G. and Chauveau, J. and Marchiori, G. and Ocariz, J. and Biasini, M. and Manoni, E. and Rossi, A. and Batignani, G. and Bettarini, S. and Carpinelli, M. and Casarosa, G. and Chrzaszcz, M. and Forti, F. and Giorgi, M. A. and Lusiani, A. and Oberhof, B. and Paoloni, E. and Rama, M. and Rizzo, G. and Walsh, J. J. and Zani, L. and Smith, A. J. S. and Anulli, F. and Faccini, R. and Ferrarotto, F. and Ferroni, F. and Pilloni, A. and Piredda, G. and Bünger, C. and Dittrich, S. and Grünberg, O. and Heß, M. and Leddig, T. and Voß, C. and Waldi, R. and Adye, T. and Wilson, F. F. and Emery, S. and Vasseur, G. and Aston, D. and Cartaro, C. and Convery, M. R. and Dorfan, J. and Dunwoodie, W. and Ebert, M. and Field, R. C. and Fulsom, B. G. and Graham, M. T. and Hast, C. and Innes, W. R. and Kim, P. and Leith, D. W. G. S. and Luitz, S. and MacFarlane, D. B. and Muller, D. R. and Neal, H. and Ratcliff, B. N. and Roodman, A. and Sullivan, M. K. and Va’vra, J. and Wisniewski, W. J. and Purohit, M. V. and Wilson, J. R. and Randle-Conde, A. and Sekula, S. J. and Ahmed, H. and Bellis, M. and Burchat, P. R. and Puccio, E. M. T. and Alam, M. S. and Ernst, J. A. and Gorodeisky, R. and Guttman, N. and Peimer, D. R. and Soffer, A. and Spanier, S. M. and Ritchie, J. L. and Schwitters, R. F. and Izen, J. M. and Lou, X. C. and Bianchi, F. and De Mori, F. and Filippi, A. and Gamba, D. and Lanceri, L. and Vitale, L. and Martinez-Vidal, F. and Oyanguren, A. and Albert, J. and Beaulieu, A. and Bernlochner, F. U. and King, G. J. and Kowalewski, R. and Lueck, T. and Nugent, I. M. and Roney, J. M. and Sobie, R. J. and Tasneem, N. and Gershon, T. J. and Harrison, P. F. and Latham, T. E. and Prepost, R. and Wu, S. L.},
abstractNote = {Recent investigations have suggested that the six-quark combination uuddss could be a deeply bound state (S) that has eluded detection so far, and a potential dark matter candidate. We report the first search for a stable, doubly strange six-quark state in Υ→S$\bar{Λ}\bar{Λ}$ decays based on a sample of 90×10$^{6}$Υ(2S) and 110×106Υ(3S) decays collected by the BABAR experiment. No signal is observed, and 90% confidence level limits on the combined Υ(2S,3S) → S$\bar{Λ}\bar{Λ}$ branching fraction in the range (1.2-1.4) × 10-7 are derived for mS < 2.05 GeV. These bounds set stringent limits on the existence of such exotic particles.},
doi = {10.1103/physrevlett.122.072002},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
issn = {0031-9007},
number = 7,
volume = 122,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {2}
}

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journal, October 2013

  • Lees, J. P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 726
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2013.04.029

The BABAR detector
journal, February 2002

  • Aubert, B.; Bazan, A.; Boucham, A.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 479, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(01)02012-5

The BaBar detector: Upgrades, operation and performance
journal, November 2013

  • Aubert, B.; Barate, R.; Boutigny, D.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 729
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2013.05.107

The EvtGen particle decay simulation package
journal, April 2001

  • Lange, David J.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 462, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(01)00089-4

Geant4—a simulation toolkit
journal, July 2003

  • Agostinelli, S.; Allison, J.; Amako, K.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 506, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(03)01368-8

Study of e + e Λ Λ ¯ , Λ Σ ¯ 0 , Σ 0 Σ ¯ 0 using initial state radiation with BABAR
journal, November 2007


Review of Particle Physics
journal, August 2018


Limits and confidence intervals in the presence of nuisance parameters
journal, October 2005

  • Rolke, Wolfgang A.; López, Angel M.; Conrad, Jan
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 551, Issue 2-3
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2005.05.068