skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: High-pressure isothermal equation of state of composite materials: A case study of LX-17 polymer bonded explosive

Abstract

Experimental determination of the isothermal high-pressure equation of state (EOS) of composites is not feasible by using conventional diffraction techniques. To solve this problem in the case of polymer bonded explosives (PBXs), composites made of an energetic material and a polymeric binder, we have expanded the applicability of the optical microscopy and interferometry technique previously developed in our group. To accommodate representative samples of a PBX with large grains, we modified the diamond culets of a diamond anvil cell to include etched micrometer-scale pits. This enabled us to measure the isothermal EOS of a PBX, namely, LX-17, up to 8 GPa. The conclusions are compared with the EOSs of the constituent materials and previously published shock measurements. The technique employed in this study is not limited to PBXs and could be potentially used for the EOS determination of other materials ranging from composites to alloys and granular materials.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Michigan Technological Univ., Houghton, MI (United States)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1548324
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-765642
Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951; 955528
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Physics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Leversee, River A., Zaug, Joseph M., Sain, John D., Weir, Samuel T., Bastea, Sorin, Fried, Laurence E., and Stavrou, Elissaios. High-pressure isothermal equation of state of composite materials: A case study of LX-17 polymer bonded explosive. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5108677.
Leversee, River A., Zaug, Joseph M., Sain, John D., Weir, Samuel T., Bastea, Sorin, Fried, Laurence E., & Stavrou, Elissaios. High-pressure isothermal equation of state of composite materials: A case study of LX-17 polymer bonded explosive. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5108677.
Leversee, River A., Zaug, Joseph M., Sain, John D., Weir, Samuel T., Bastea, Sorin, Fried, Laurence E., and Stavrou, Elissaios. Wed . "High-pressure isothermal equation of state of composite materials: A case study of LX-17 polymer bonded explosive". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5108677. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1548324.
@article{osti_1548324,
title = {High-pressure isothermal equation of state of composite materials: A case study of LX-17 polymer bonded explosive},
author = {Leversee, River A. and Zaug, Joseph M. and Sain, John D. and Weir, Samuel T. and Bastea, Sorin and Fried, Laurence E. and Stavrou, Elissaios},
abstractNote = {Experimental determination of the isothermal high-pressure equation of state (EOS) of composites is not feasible by using conventional diffraction techniques. To solve this problem in the case of polymer bonded explosives (PBXs), composites made of an energetic material and a polymeric binder, we have expanded the applicability of the optical microscopy and interferometry technique previously developed in our group. To accommodate representative samples of a PBX with large grains, we modified the diamond culets of a diamond anvil cell to include etched micrometer-scale pits. This enabled us to measure the isothermal EOS of a PBX, namely, LX-17, up to 8 GPa. The conclusions are compared with the EOSs of the constituent materials and previously published shock measurements. The technique employed in this study is not limited to PBXs and could be potentially used for the EOS determination of other materials ranging from composites to alloys and granular materials.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5108677},
journal = {Applied Physics Letters},
issn = {0003-6951},
number = 5,
volume = 115,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Hydrostatic Compression Curve for Triamino-Trinitrobenzene Determined to 13.0 GPa with Powder X-Ray Diffraction
journal, August 2008

  • Stevens, Lewis L.; Velisavljevic, Nenad; Hooks, Daniel E.
  • Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics, Vol. 33, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/prep.200700270

Static and shock compressibility of TATB molecular crystal
journal, November 2016


Hugoniot properties for concrete determined by full-scale detonation experiments and flyer-plate-impact tests
journal, December 2006


Hugoniot equation of state of the Bukit Timah granite
journal, June 2000

  • Shang, J. L.; Shen, L. T.; Zhao, J.
  • International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, Vol. 37, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1016/S1365-1609(00)00002-2

Self-healing improves the stability and safety of polymer bonded explosives
journal, October 2018


Isothermal equation of state for sodium chloride by the length‐change‐measurement technique
journal, September 1976

  • Chhabildas, Lalit C.; Ruoff, Arthur L.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 47, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.323284

The isothermal linear and volume compression of pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN) to 10 GPa (100 kbar) and the calculated shock compression
journal, June 1975

  • Olinger, Bart; Halleck, P. M.; Cady, Howard H.
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 62, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.430355

Determining the equation of state of amorphous solids at high pressure using optical microscopy
journal, March 2012

  • Amin, Samrat A.; Rissi, Erin N.; McKiernan, Keri
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 83, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3688656

Pressure-induced densification in GeO 2 glass: A transmission x-ray microscopy study
journal, December 2013

  • Lin, Yu; Zeng, Qiaoshi; Yang, Wenge
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 103, Issue 26
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4860993

General 2.5 power law of metallic glasses
journal, February 2016

  • Zeng, Qiaoshi; Lin, Yu; Liu, Yijin
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 113, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1525390113

The Hugoniot and shock sensitivity of a plastic‐bonded TATB explosive PBX 9502
journal, May 1988

  • Dick, J. J.; Forest, C. A.; Ramsay, J. B.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 63, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.340428

Reactive flow modeling of the polymer bonded explosive LX-17 double shock experiments
journal, September 2018

  • Rehagen, Thomas J.; Vitello, Peter; Bastea, Sorin
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 124, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5029740

Elastic properties of reinforced solids: Some theoretical principles
journal, September 1963


The equation of state of 5-nitro-2,4-dihydro-1,2,4,-triazol-3-one determined via in-situ optical microscopy and interferometry measurements
journal, April 2016

  • Stavrou, Elissaios; Zaug, Joseph M.; Bastea, Sorin
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 119, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4945426

Single crystal toroidal diamond anvils for high pressure experiments beyond 5 megabar
journal, September 2018


Toroidal diamond anvil cell for detailed measurements under extreme static pressures
journal, July 2018


Hydrostatic limits of 11 pressure transmitting media
journal, March 2009

  • Klotz, S.; Chervin, J-C.; Munsch, P.
  • Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 42, Issue 7, Article No. 075413
  • DOI: 10.1088/0022-3727/42/7/075413

Refractive index determination in diamond anvil cells: Results for argon
journal, November 1986

  • Grimsditch, M.; Letoullec, R.; Polian, A.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 60, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.337597

Ruby under pressure
journal, June 2008


Optical length determinations in the diamond‐anvil cell
journal, April 1984

  • Scott, Cassie; Jeanloz, Raymond
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 55, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1137791

The equation of state of dense argon: A comparison of shock and static studies
journal, July 1986

  • Ross, M.; Mao, H. K.; Bell, P. M.
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 85, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.451346

Acoustic properties of Kel F-800 copolymer up to 85 GPa
journal, July 2012

  • Benjamin, Ari S.; Ahart, Muhtar; Gramsch, Stephen A.
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 137, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4731706

Finite strain isotherm and velocities for single-crystal and polycrystalline NaCl at high pressures and 300°K
journal, January 1978


Measurement of Porosity in a Composite High Explosive as a Function of Pressing Conditions by Ultra-Small-Angle Neutron Scattering with Contrast Variation
journal, October 2009

  • Mang, Joseph T.; Hjelm, Rex P.; Francois, Elizabeth G.
  • Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics
  • DOI: 10.1002/prep.200900026