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Title: ATF material model development and validation for priority fuel concepts

Abstract

Development, implementation, and validation of material and behavior models for accident tolerant fuel (ATF) concepts in the Bison fuel performance code began in 2014 in response to the events that occurred at the Fukushima Daichii nuclear power plant in March 2011. Early on the focus was on U3Si2 fuel and FeCrAl cladding as part of a high impact problem through the Nuclear Energy and Advanced Modeling Simulation (NEAMS) program. Then, developments for Cr2O3-doped UO2 fuel, and SiC-SiC and Cr-coated zirconium-based claddings began based upon industry interests. In late fiscal year 2018 the Consortium for Advanced Simulation of Light Water Reactors (CASL) took over further ATF work in Bison in support of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) engagement. Discussions with the NRC identified their list of priority fuel and cladding concepts, which included Cr2O3-doped UO2 and U3Si2 fuels, and Cr-coated zirconium-based and FeCrAl claddings. In particular, the NRC suggested that reports similar in form to NUREG/CR-7024 [1] that was developed for traditional LWR materials UO2 and zirconium-based claddings (i.e., Zircaloy-4, M5®, ZIRLO) be created for the priority ATF concepts. The approach to ATF capability development in Bison since the beginning has been two-fold: (1) empirical correlations and (2) multiscale model development.more » Both approaches have uncertainty inherent to them. Uncertainty in empirical correlations is bounded by the experimental data upon which with the correlation was developed. Models developed through a multiscale approach have uncertainty associated with the lower length scale calculations and input parameters that must be propagated to the engineering scale model in Bison. In this report, the recommended models, their range of applicability (e.g., temperature, burnup), and associated uncertainty for the NRC priority fuel concepts Cr2O3- doped UO2 and U3Si2 are presented in a manner similar to the aforementioned NUREG. In addition, the Cr2O3-doped UO2 models are validated to the Halden Reactor tess IFA-677.1 rods 1 and 5 and IFA-716.1 rod 1. For U3Si2 the models are validated to the recent post-irradiation examination (PIE) data ATF-13 and ATF-15 rods that were irradiated in the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) at Idaho National Laboratory [2]. Finally, an uncertainty quantification (UQ) and sensitivity analysis (SA) is completed on a single rod for each fuel concept that takes into account the defined uncertainty in select models. The results of the UQ and SA analyses indicate that given the large uncertainty in some of the input ATF models that the uncertainty on the Bison predictions of fuel performance metrics of interest bound the available experimental data. Correlation coefficients are also reported that identified the uncertain inputs with the strongest correlation (positive or negative) with the outputs of interest. Fuel performance metrics investigated include fuel elongation, rod internal pressure, fuel centerline temperature, and fission gas release.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [2]
  1. Idaho National Laboratory
  2. Los Alamos National Laboratory
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE)
OSTI Identifier:
1547325
Report Number(s):
INL/EXT-19-54769-Rev000
DOE Contract Number:  
AC07-05ID14517
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
11 - NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; U3Si2; Cr2O3-doped UO2; Uncertainty; Bison; Accident Tolerant Fuel

Citation Formats

Gamble, Kyle A, Pastore, Giovanni, Andersson, David, and Cooper, Michael. ATF material model development and validation for priority fuel concepts. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.2172/1547325.
Gamble, Kyle A, Pastore, Giovanni, Andersson, David, & Cooper, Michael. ATF material model development and validation for priority fuel concepts. United States. doi:10.2172/1547325.
Gamble, Kyle A, Pastore, Giovanni, Andersson, David, and Cooper, Michael. Wed . "ATF material model development and validation for priority fuel concepts". United States. doi:10.2172/1547325. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1547325.
@article{osti_1547325,
title = {ATF material model development and validation for priority fuel concepts},
author = {Gamble, Kyle A and Pastore, Giovanni and Andersson, David and Cooper, Michael},
abstractNote = {Development, implementation, and validation of material and behavior models for accident tolerant fuel (ATF) concepts in the Bison fuel performance code began in 2014 in response to the events that occurred at the Fukushima Daichii nuclear power plant in March 2011. Early on the focus was on U3Si2 fuel and FeCrAl cladding as part of a high impact problem through the Nuclear Energy and Advanced Modeling Simulation (NEAMS) program. Then, developments for Cr2O3-doped UO2 fuel, and SiC-SiC and Cr-coated zirconium-based claddings began based upon industry interests. In late fiscal year 2018 the Consortium for Advanced Simulation of Light Water Reactors (CASL) took over further ATF work in Bison in support of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) engagement. Discussions with the NRC identified their list of priority fuel and cladding concepts, which included Cr2O3-doped UO2 and U3Si2 fuels, and Cr-coated zirconium-based and FeCrAl claddings. In particular, the NRC suggested that reports similar in form to NUREG/CR-7024 [1] that was developed for traditional LWR materials UO2 and zirconium-based claddings (i.e., Zircaloy-4, M5®, ZIRLO) be created for the priority ATF concepts. The approach to ATF capability development in Bison since the beginning has been two-fold: (1) empirical correlations and (2) multiscale model development. Both approaches have uncertainty inherent to them. Uncertainty in empirical correlations is bounded by the experimental data upon which with the correlation was developed. Models developed through a multiscale approach have uncertainty associated with the lower length scale calculations and input parameters that must be propagated to the engineering scale model in Bison. In this report, the recommended models, their range of applicability (e.g., temperature, burnup), and associated uncertainty for the NRC priority fuel concepts Cr2O3- doped UO2 and U3Si2 are presented in a manner similar to the aforementioned NUREG. In addition, the Cr2O3-doped UO2 models are validated to the Halden Reactor tess IFA-677.1 rods 1 and 5 and IFA-716.1 rod 1. For U3Si2 the models are validated to the recent post-irradiation examination (PIE) data ATF-13 and ATF-15 rods that were irradiated in the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) at Idaho National Laboratory [2]. Finally, an uncertainty quantification (UQ) and sensitivity analysis (SA) is completed on a single rod for each fuel concept that takes into account the defined uncertainty in select models. The results of the UQ and SA analyses indicate that given the large uncertainty in some of the input ATF models that the uncertainty on the Bison predictions of fuel performance metrics of interest bound the available experimental data. Correlation coefficients are also reported that identified the uncertain inputs with the strongest correlation (positive or negative) with the outputs of interest. Fuel performance metrics investigated include fuel elongation, rod internal pressure, fuel centerline temperature, and fission gas release.},
doi = {10.2172/1547325},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {8}
}

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